Yemeni human rights activist and a co-recipient of the 2011 Nobel peace prize.
Recognised to some of Yemen's opposition movement as the 'mother of the revolution', Tawakkul Karman has emerged as a crucial figure among the youth activists who began camping out at Change Square in central Sana'a in early February 2011, demanding the end of President Ali Abdullah Saleh's three-decade rule.
Mother of three, Tawakkul Karman who identifies herself first and foremost as a campaigner for Yemen's alienated youth, has been jailed many times; once seized from her car and slung into prison.
Established the campaign group 'Women Journalists Without Chains' in 2005, Tawakkul Karman later began to hold protests calling for human rights reforms in Sanaa.
The face of defiance in the country ruled by fear the diminutive Tawakkul Karman is awarded the Noble Peace Prize, along with two female African campaigners, in 2011. The Noble committee has chosen them 'for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work.'
Born in Taiz, daughter of a lawyer, Tawakkul Karman studied at Sanaa University.
Compiled by:M. Nauman Khan