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  • Email linked arrest - 24 February 2009
  • Gaza Convoy - men released - update 18th February 2009
  • More on Abu Qatada - 18th Feb 2009
  • More on Rangzeib torture - update 17th February 2009
  • Gaza Convoy - Cllr Salim Mulla's statement - update 17th February 2009
  • Gaza Convoy - Seamus Milne revelation - update 16th February 2009
  • Vans on Gaza Convoy - M65 arrests near Preston - 14th February 2009
  • Hassan Butt - in for the monies & how 'Prospect' magazine failed - updated 10th February 2009
  • Rangzeib torture - updated 19th December 2008
  • Bilal Abdulla's torment - 17th December 2008
  • Dr Asha cleared - 16th December 2008
  • More on Abu Qatada - 6th December 2008
  • Dr Asha's testimony - 22nd November 2008
  • Doctor admits terrorism but denies conspiracy - 17th November 2008
  • Blackburn teenager arrested - 4th November 2008
  • Manchester woman in custody - 1st November 2008
  • Birmingham arrests update - 28th October 2008
  • Dewsbury pair not guilty - 23rd October 2008
  • Birmingham arrests - 21st October 2008
  • Exeter arrest - update 15th October 2008
  • Glasgow/London car bomb trial - 9th October 2008
  • 'Jewel' arrests - 3rd October 2008
  • Munshi - two years sentence - 19th September 2008
  • Rizwaan Sabir's ordeal - 16th September 2008
  • Kent arrest - 16th September 2008; updated 17th September
  • Airline 'plot' - retrial concerns 11th September 2008
  • Airline 'plot' - retrial concerns 11th September 2008
  • Airline plot 'blame' - 9th September 2008
  • Lancs case - fifth arrest, 9th September 2008
  • Airline plot, no Airlines - the verdicts
  • Lancs case - detainees named, but Finland flight? 2nd September 2008
  • Lancs case - 5th arrest, 27th August 2008
  • Lancashire - 4th arrest, 26th August 2008
  • Dewsbury boy & the 'republic of fear' - 25th August 2008
  • Dewsbury boy case - 19th August 2008
  • Lancashire arrests update, 16th August 2008
  • Hisham Yezza's ordeal - 18th August 2008
  • Lancashire arrests, 15th August 2008
  • 7/7 co-conspirators trial update, 1st August 2008
  • Fertiliser plot - ECHR appeal? - 24th July 2008
  • Airline plotters - further 'public nuisance' admissions - 21st July 2008
  • Operation Aragorn - pernicious IN35 impact? 2nd July 2008
  • Nicholas Roddis update, 1st July 2008
  • Bristol case - teenager Hashi Omar charged, 23rd June 2008
  • Glasgow/London Car bomb plots update - 20th June 2008
  • Samina Malik conviction overturned - updated 17th June 2008
  • Nottingham student's trauma - 11th June 2008
  • Yeshi Girma found guilty - 11th June 2008
  • Nottingham student's arrest update (Hisham Yezza deportation) - 29th May 2008
  • Airline plotters - propagandists or puppets? - 3rd June 2008
  • Exeter - further arrests update - 23rd May 2008
  • Saeed Ghafoor - Bluewater case- 23rd May 2008
  • Hassan Butt: "...just part of the whole scam - 22nd May 2008
  • Exeter arrest - 22nd May 2008
  • Hassan Butt released - 21st May 2008
  • Hassan Butt update - 19th May 2008
  • Hassan Butt update - 10th May 2008
  • Manchester airport arrest - 10th May 2008
  • 7/7 co-conspirators trial update, 'shared beliefs' case - 8th May 2008
  • More on Abu Qatada - 8th May 2008
  • 7/7 co-conspirators trial update, 'shared beliefs' case - 8th May 2008
  • Bristol arrest - Andrew Ibrahim charged 29th April 2008
  • Salahuddin Amin appeal - 29th April 2008
  • Two north London men charged - Mohammed Abushamma, Qasim Abukar - 23rd April 2008
  • 21/7 - appeal rejected - 23rd April 2008
  • Abu Izzadine - updated 19th April 2008
  • Bristol arrest - updated 19th April 2008
  • Airline bomb plot trial update - 16th April 2008
  • Sabeel Ahmed update - 12th April 2008
  • 7/7 co-conspirators trial update, 'shared beliefs' case - 11th April 2008
  • More on Abu Qatada - 10th July 2008
  • 7/7 co-conspirators trial - 8th April
  • Max Khan's stop-search - 8th April
  • 7/7 co-conspirators trial - 7th April
  • Airline bomb plot trial update - 7th April
  • Khalid Khaliq - 16 months for downloading from a public website - 12th March 2008
  • Babar Ahmad case - 'Private Eye' revelations - 10th March 2008
  • Chinese halal case - Muhammad Hamid & "publicity loving" Atilla Ahmet sentenced - 7th March 2008
  • Mousa Hamid:"They wanted me to become an informant in the community" - February 2008
  • Chinese halal case - another useful idiot convicted - 26th Feb 2008
  • Cerrie Bullivent - effects of flawed legislation - updated 22nd Feb 2008
  • Knee-jerk legislation=unsound convictions - updated 20th Feb
  • Parvez Khan sentenced, 18th Feb 2008
  • Zahoor Iqbal pleads guilty - 15th Feb 2008
  • Knee-jerk legislation=unsound convictions - 13th Feb 2008
  • Amjad Mahmood bailed - 12th Feb 2008
  • Babar Ahmad 'bugging' - 8th Feb 2008
  • 21/7 - accomplices found guilty - 4th Feb 2008
  • Parvez Khan - Pagad over again?, 30th January 2008
  • Chessington man - charges dropped - 18th Jan 2008
  • Rahid Rauf and the frustrations of Operation OVERT - 28th Jan 2008
  • Sohail Qureshi arrest update- 8th Jan 2008
  • Cerrie Bullivent acquited - updated 14th Dec 2007
  • London arrests - 'deal' alleged - updated 11th Dec 2007
  • Samina Malik sentence - updated 6th December 2007
  • Chinese halal arrests - comic jihadi - updated 5th Dec 2007
  • More on Abu Hamza, 29th November 2007
  • Nicholas Roddis, 12 December 2007
  • Abdul Rahman - wannabee Scarlet Pimpernel, 21st November 2007
  • Samina Malik's 'jihad' bracelet - updated 8th November 2007
  • Atif case - solicitor faces enquiry - updated 7th November 2007
  • Tunisians arrested - 7th November 2007
  • Atif - 8 years - updated 23rd October 2007
  • Samina Malik trial - 11th Oct 2007
  • Chinese halal take-away arrests - update 10th Oct 2007
  • Dewsbury, boy arrested - 5th Oct 2007
  • Glasgow/London Car bomb plots update - 5th Oct 2007 2007
  • More on Abu Hamza - 3rd Oct 2007
  • Rangzeib torture - updated 20th September 2007
  • Atif case: recruiter mystery - updated 18th September 2007
  • Atif lawyer:farcical evidence - updated 17th September 2007
  • Muhammad Naeem Noor Khan's "murky tale" - 23rd August 2007
  • Brighton man charged - 3rd August 2007
  • More on Abu Qatada - 30th July 2007
  • Mouloud Sihali's story - 27th July 2007
  • Youths taken aback - 26th July 2007
  • Bristol arrests & releases - 20th July 2007
  • Jamil Asha charged - Glasgow/London Car bomb plots - 20th July 2007
  • Bouchra free; husband jailed - 18th July 2007
  • Two doctors released - Glasgow/London Car bomb plots - 16th July 2007
  • London/Glasgow - Marwa Asha freed - further releases? - 13th July 2007
  • 21/7 gang sentenced - 11th July 2007/a>
  • 29th & 30th June London & Glasgow updates - 8th July 2007
  • Altamimi sentenced & accomplice pleads guilty to acquiring of criminal property - 7th July 2007
  • Bhatti's tragedy - 25th June 2007
  • Zeeshan Siddiqui's tale - 18th June 2007
  • Bouchra trial update - 31st May 2007
  • Hassan Butt 'useful idiot' - 25th May 2007
  • 7/7 arrests - Motiala out, Khaliq in - 21st May 2007
  • Tom Lund-Luck - intelligence officer jeopardises career - 17th May 2007
  • 7/7 arrests - Imran Khan on Hasina Patel release - 16th May 2007
  • Fertiliser trial - torture links (updated 2nd May)
  • 7/7 - what else is still unknown? "The government have not told the British public the whole truth" (updated 1st May)
  • Fertiliser trial, 7/7 questions raised - 30th April 2007; Junaid Babar link
  • Uzi trial - another sting - 30th April 2007; Junaid Babar link?
  • 'Beheading' - the sting operation - 27th April 2007
  • Sordid saga of media leaks - "beneath contempt", 25th April 2007
  • 6 arrests - London and Luton, 24th April 2007
  • Mughal,Tsouli, al-Daour - updated, 24th April 2007
  • 7/7 arrests - Updated 6th April
  • The "expendable pawns" - Bisher al-Rawi and Jamal al-Banna - 4th April 2007
  • Airline Plot development - Rashid Rauf, 28th March 2007
  • 21/7 leader convicted criminal - 23rd March 2007
  • 7/7 arrests - 23rd March 2007
  • Babar Ahmad revelations - 12th March 2007
  • Janjua's Somali trauma - 2nd March 2007
  • Airline plot-another apology.The case of Samih Ahmed - 26th Feb 2007
  • Airline plot-another apology.The case of Abdul Rauf - 26th Feb 2007
  • Abu Qatada update - 26th Feb 2007
  • 21/7 trial - 20th Feb 2007
  • 4 Somali Britons held - 13th Feb
  • Forest Gate - IPCC report - 13th Feb 2007
  • East Sussex school - update 10th Feb 2007
  • arrests - 5 charged (updated 9th Feb 2007)
  • Birmingham arrests - two released (updated 7th Feb 2007)
  • Birmingham arrests - political overtones (updated 4th Feb 2007)
  • Mustafa's experience - 30th Jan 2007
  • Manchester arrests - man released (updated 2nd Feb 2007
  • Halifax arrests - 23rd Jan 2007 (updated 31st Jan 2007)
  • London bombing plot trial revelations - 16th Jan 2007
  • Cardiff couple's journey - 29th December 2006
  • The Great Airline Plot- bizarre twist (updated 13th December 2006)
  • North London arrest - around 8th December 2006
  • Babar Ahmad extradition - 30th November 2006
  • Aswat case extradition - 30th November 2006
  • Airline plot - Sarwar libel victory - 28th November 2006
  • QC on torture confession - Ammonium Nitrate trial update (22nd November 2006)
  • Barot sentenced - 7th November
  • Atif Siddique, Glasgow trial - updated 3rd November 2006
  • Airline plot - 2 released (updated 2nd November 2006)
  • Sohail Qureshi arrest - 2nd November 2006
  • Forest Gate - child porn smear outcome - 27th October
  • Kamran Tariq - 17th October
  • Barrister finds court flaw - flawed process of SIAC - 14th October
  • Lotfi Raissi- scandalous miscarriage of justice - 9th October
  • The Bisher al-Rawi case, Abu Qatada and MI5 - 4th October
  • July 05 plot - woman held (updated 4th October)
  • Forest Gate costs revealed! (updated 3rd October)
  • Mancunian lady charged (updated 3rd October)
  • Garcia's testimony at Ammonium Nitrate trial (updated 26th September 2006)
  • Khyam testimony at Ammonium Nitrate trial (updated 18th September 2006)
  • Chinese halal arrests - Brothers charged (updated 18th September 2006)
  • Woman charged, London - 9th September 2006
  • Airline plot - 2 charged, 3 released (updated 7th September 2006)
  • Chinese restaurant arrests
  • Manchester arrests
  • East Sussex school search
  • Rauf Abdullah released
  • Red Mercury case acquitals - 25th July 2006
  • Syed Talha Ahsan arrest - 20th July 2006
  • Bolton arrests - update 10th July 2006
  • Midlands control order revelations - Iraqis detained in October 2005 - updated 30th June 2006
  • Abu Bakr Mansha case - Appeal - 24th June 2006
  • London - 4 arrests - 20th June
  • Forest Gate - informer revelations - 19th June update
  • Ammonium Nitrate trial update - 16th June 2006
  • 16-year old arrested, Dewsbury - 11th June update
  • Manchester airport arrest & 'sting' link - 12th June update
  • 3am swoops, 10 arrests - updated 25th May 2006
  • Stafford Hospital saga - 1st April 2006
  • Veil lifts on 'supergrass' Babar in fertiliser trial - updated 31st March 2006
  • Bradford - university arrests - updated 9th March 2006
  • Swansea arrest - 22nd Feb 2006
  • A Journalist's experience - 21st Feb 2006
  • Guantanamo actors stopped - 21st Feb 2006
  • Abu Hamza-"unwitting informant" - 8th Feb 2006
  • Kensington arrest - 17th Jan 2006
  • Sheffield man arrested & released - 7th Jan 2006
  • Adel Yahya - 23rd December 2005
  • Abbas Boutrab, 6 year sentence - 20th December 2005
  • Three men, Worcestershire - 5th December 2005
  • Kazi Nur Rahman - alleged possession of Uzis - 5th December 2005
  • Parveen and Zahid Sharif not guilty - 28th November 2005
  • Babar Ahmad extradition - 16th November 2005
  • Curious tale of Imran Patel
  • Mughal,Tsouli, al-Daour (Kent & West London arrests, updated - 4th November 2005)
  • West Yorks arrest - 23rd October 2005
  • Ricin case - torture-tainted data? - 21st October 2005
  • Ten Iraqis - arrested in Croydon, Wolverhampton, Derby - released - 17th October 2005
  • Ricin case jurors speak up - 12th October 2005
  • Ten arrests, Croydon, Wolverhampton, Derby - 10th October 2005
  • Labour veteran Mr Wolgang - conference heckler - 29th September 2005
  • The Lotfi Raissi case - late revelations - 27rd September 2005
  • Manchester Airport arrest - 23rd September 2005
  • Andrew Rowe trial - 23rd Sept September 2005
  • Grandmother's ordeal(updated 26th August)
  • Manchester airport arrests (updated 18th August)
  • Folkestone arrest (updated 17th August)
  • London & Rome arrests arrests - 27-30th July 2005 (updated 11th August)
  • Girma Belay's account
  • Liverpool Street station arrests - 30th July 2005
  • Luton Airport arrest - 27th July 2005
  • Grantham Train arrests - 26th July 2005
  • An inventory of arrests under the Terrorism Act 2000 (TACT) and the Anti-Terrorism, Crime Security Act 2001 (ACTSA) - pre and post July 7 2005


    Stop and Search under Section 44, Feb 2009

    "Police have used anti-terrorism powers to stop and search almost 180,000 suspects, it emerged yesterday. Yet only 255 of the individuals they targeted were subsequently detained for terrorist- related offences. The figures suggest that police may be misusing powers granted to them under section 44 of the Terrorism Act 2000 supposedly for use only in extreme circumstances."

    Source: Daily Mail, 11th Feb 2009

    "Metropolitan Police officers are stopping and searching too many innocent people using powers designed for fighting terrorism, it is claimed. There were more than 157,290 stop and searches in London under anti-terror laws in the year to September 2008, leading to 1,200 arrests. That is nearly triple the 54,693 searches the previous year. Critics said the force should curb its use of the power, but the Met Police said they were using the tool properly".

    Source BBC, Jan 2009

    Richard Norton-Taylor: Ministers have been persuaded that foreign policy and the country's close ties to the US are a real issue for many Muslims - October 2008

    "MI5 has concluded that there is no easy way to identify those who become involved in terrorism in Britain, according to a classified internal research document on radicalisation seen by the Guardian. The sophisticated analysis, based on hundreds of case studies by the security service, says there is no single pathway to violent extremism. It concludes that it is not possible to draw up a typical profile of the 'British terrorist' as most are 'demographically unremarkable' and simply reflect the communities in which they live....

    The security service also plays down the importance of radical extremist clerics, saying their influence in radicalising British terrorists has moved into the background in recent years.

    The research, carried out by MI5's behavioural science unit, is based on in-depth case studies on "several hundred individuals known to be involved in, or closely associated with, violent extremist activity" ranging from fundraising to planning suicide bombings in Britain....

    . Far from being religious zealots, a large number of those involved in terrorism do not practise their faith regularly. Many lack religious literacy and could actually be regarded as religious novices. Very few have been brought up in strongly religious households, and there is a higher than average proportion of converts. Some are involved in drug-taking, drinking alcohol and visiting prostitutes. MI5 says there is evidence that a well-established religious identity actually protects against violent radicalisation."

    Security officials plan to combat threat of the lone terrorist

    Alan Travis: "Religious fanatic profile is mistaken - August 2008

    "MI5 has concluded that there is no easy way to identify those who become involved in terrorism in Britain, according to a classified internal research document on radicalisation seen by the Guardian. The sophisticated analysis, based on hundreds of case studies by the security service, says there is no single pathway to violent extremism. It concludes that it is not possible to draw up a typical profile of the 'British terrorist' as most are 'demographically unremarkable' and simply reflect the communities in which they live....

    The security service also plays down the importance of radical extremist clerics, saying their influence in radicalising British terrorists has moved into the background in recent years.

    The research, carried out by MI5's behavioural science unit, is based on in-depth case studies on "several hundred individuals known to be involved in, or closely associated with, violent extremist activity" ranging from fundraising to planning suicide bombings in Britain....

    . Far from being religious zealots, a large number of those involved in terrorism do not practise their faith regularly. Many lack religious literacy and could actually be regarded as religious novices. Very few have been brought up in strongly religious households, and there is a higher than average proportion of converts. Some are involved in drug-taking, drinking alcohol and visiting prostitutes. MI5 says there is evidence that a well-established religious identity actually protects against violent radicalisation."

    Terror: secret MI5 report challenges views on extremists

    Europol Report - May 2008

    "...During 2007, 583 terrorist attacks were committed in the EU. Of these, 91 percent were perpetrated by separatist terrorists. As in 2006, the vast majority of all attacks were committed by Basque and Corsican separatists in Spain and France

    ...Spanish law enforcement officials remain an explicit target for Basque separatist terrorism. In 2007, this was further evidenced by the deadly attack on two Guardia Civil officers in France. The attack was claimed by ETA....Basque separatist terrorists in Spain mainly attack governmental and business targets. Twelve percent of the attacks were directed at critical infrastructure and the vast majority of these were attributed to Taldes Y....In France, two regions were targeted by separatist terrorist groups: the Basque and Corsica. In the Basque region, thirty-three percent of the spearatist terrorist attacks targeted private property, a decrease compared to 2006. Forty-one percent of the attacks were directed at business targets. In Corsica, fifty-five percent of separatist terrorist attacks targeted private property such as private holiday apartments....31 percent of the attacks carried out were attributed to FLNC or FLNC UDC. Two attacks were attributed to ARMATA CORSA 1774. The remaining 154 attacks either were not claimed or could not be attributed to a particular group. Germony reported fifteen terrorist attacks for 2007. Fourteen were claimed by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK/KONGRA-GEL)....In 2007, left wing and anarchist terrorist groups carried out 21 attacks in five member states...Eighty percent of all left-wing and anarchist terrorist attacks were successfully executied...a large number of the reported anarchist attacks were contributed by Greece. However, Greek authorities regard the vast majority of these attacks as extremism rather than terrorism. Therefore, they are not included in the 2007 statistics.

    ...In 2007, Europe saw four failed and attempted Islamist terrorist attacks. The UK experienced two failed terrorist attacks, while Denmark and Germany both reported one attempted attack each."

    EU Terrorism situation and trend report, 2008

    Gareth Peirce - April 2008

    "...Just as Irish men and women, wherever they lived, knew every detail of each injustice as if it had been done to them, long before British men and women were even aware that entire Irish families had been wrongly imprisoned in their country for decades, so Muslim men and women here and across the world are registering the ill-treatment of their community here, and recognising, too, the analogies with the experiences of the Irish...

    This is the context of many current prosecutions. The fruits of a police search are uncovered, prosecutions mounted for the 'possession' of literature, films and pamphlets bought or viewed on websites, even if that viewing was swift and the item discarded or even deleted. The defendants are stigmatised as potential terrorists and their cases considered by juries more often than not without even one Muslim among their ranks to provide what the concept of 12 jurors randomly selected is intended to contribute to the trial process - a reflection of the collective good sense of the community.

    ...Two young Muslim women were separately tried at the Old Bailey last year for having written works deemed by the prosecution to be for a terrorist objective. One was the 'Lyrical Terrorist', whose appeal against conviction is due to be heard shortly. The other, Bouchra El-Hor, was acquitted by her jury; she had the good fortune to have as a defence witness Carmen Callil, who witheringly described the letter that El-Hor had written as a classic example of the way devout women, whether Catholic or Quaker, Puritan or Muslim, experiment with creative writing as a means of expression while living isolated existences. The jury laughed at Callil's savage critique, but one could see recognition and understanding follow.

    This is very dangerous territory, however, where a lucky accident of interpretation is critical to a jury's understanding of a case and where police and prosecutors, neither of them armed with any understanding of Islam, press on with prosecutions although the court struggles properly to understand what is at issue. Where the human story is straightforward, the task is far easier, but even so, now that secret accusations and secret courts have intruded into the sacrosanct forum of an open jury trial in which secrecy is not allowed, what is a jury to make of an allegation that a defendant has breached a Control Order imposed on the basis of secret evidence which holds that he is a risk to national security?"

    Writing in the London Review of Books

    Prisoner statistics - November 2007

    "The figures released yesterday show that of 130 prisoners held under terrorist legislation on October 23, 59 were on remand, 48 convicted, seven held under immigration powers as detainees, 10 pending extradition, and six others held for offences related to terrorism. Mr Wheatley said the total had now risen to 131.

    The Prison Service said 113 were in high-security prisons; Belmarsh, in south-east London, held 49, some 40 being on remand awaiting trial. Although remands tend to be concentrated at Belmarsh, near the Old Bailey and other London courts, policy was to disperse them around the country once convicted.

    Fifty prisoners have declared themselves foreign nationals, with Algerians and Jordanians the largest groupings.

    While al-Qaida-inspired extremism remains the greatest risk, Prison Service chiefs said they also had dissident Irish republicans, Ulster loyalists, members of anarchist and anti-globalisation groups, animal liberation activists, and members of the far right.

    Alan Travis, The Guardian, 8th November 2007

    Stop & Search statistics - October 2007

    "Only one in every 400 stop and searches carried out under sweeping anti-terrorism laws leads to an arrest, official figures released yesterday reveal, triggering fresh pressure on the government and police over the controversial tactic.

    Official government figures covering 2005/6, the first since the July 7 2005 bombings on London, show a big increase in the use of the power, with Asian people bearing the brunt. One force, City of London, carried out 6,846 stops of pedestrians and vehicles without finding enough evidence to justify a single arrest.

    ...Experts believe anti-terrorism stop and searches have not led to a single person being caught who was later convicted of a terrorist the 44,543 stops in England and Wales, there were 105 arrests. Out of every 400 people stopped 399 were let go straight away.

    ...The figures showed that the racial divide in stop and search aimed at stopping non-terrorist crime also became starker. Black people were seven times more likely to be stopped and searched by police.

    Vikram Dodd, The Guardian, 31st October 2007

    Boost to security spend - October 2007

    "[The] additional 1 bn [Pounds sterling] for counter-terrorism announced by the chancellor, Alistair Darling, will mean the newly created 'single security budget' covering the police and security services will rise to 3.5bn Pounds a year over the next three years - triple the spending before 9/11. The rise will give the otherwise frozen Home Office budget a 220m-a-year Pounds boost over the next three years - amounting to around 700m Pounds or 1% - to meet the costs of its more 'tightly focused' security role in the light of its new "split for purpose' status. Funding for the intelligence services - MI5 and MI6 - is now set to rise at 9.6% a year in real terms."

    Alan Travis and Richard Norton-Taylor, The Guardian, 10th October 2007

    Stop & Search statistics in wake of Glasgow and London car bomb attacks

    "Powers to stop and search members of the public under terrorism laws will be used increasingly this summer, police said yesterday. The warning came as searches in London under section 44 of the Terrorism Act 2000 - for which police do not need grounds for suspicion - grew to five times the monthly average during July. The upsurge came after the attempted car bomb attacks in London and Glasgow, but senior police officers said yesterday there would be no let-up.....

    More than 350 people a day were stopped and searched under section 44 in London last month, a monthly total of 10,948 stops which compares to an average of 2,114. Scotland Yard said of the 10,948 stops in July, 24% were Asian, 14% were black and 54% were white".

    Sandra Laville, The Guardian, 7th August 2007

    Home Office statistics - UK police terrorism arrest statistics (excluding Northern Ireland) from 11 September 2001 – 31 March 2007

    A total of 1228 arrests were made:

    1165 arrests under the Terrorism Act 2000

    63 arrests under legislation other than the Terrorism Act, where the investigation was conducted as a terrorist investigation

    Of the total 1228 arrested:

    132 charged with terrorism legislation offences only
    109 charged with terrorism legislation offences and other criminal offences
    195 charged under other legislation including murder, grievous bodily harm, firearms, explosives offences, fraud, false documents
    76 handed over to immigration authorities
    15 on police bail awaiting charging decisions
    1 warrant issued for arrest
    12 cautioned
    1 dealt with under youth offending procedures
    11 dealt with under mental health legislation
    4 transferred to Police Service of Northern Ireland custody
    2 remanded in custody awaiting extradition proceedings

    669 released without charge

    1 awaiting further investigation

    Of those charged:

    41 Terrorism Act convictions to date
    183 convicted under other legislation: murder and explosives offences (including conspiracies), grievous bodily harm, firearms offences, fraud, false documents offences, etc (this includes the 12 cautions detailed above)
    114 at or awaiting trial

    compiled from police records by the offices of the National Coordinator for Terrorist Investigations, July 2007

    Stop and search powers in London - statistics released on 31st May 2007

  • 22,672 stops were conducted by the Met between September 2005-6

  • As a result, 27 arrests were made for terrorism-related offences

  • 95% of people stopped are men

  • An Asian person is 30% more likely to be stopped than a white person

  • None of the 19 complaints made since 2000 have been upheld

    Len Duvall, chair of the MPA, said protecting the capital needed the support of residents as well as the government. He said there was clear evidence that section 44 powers were undermining community trust and reducing understanding of police counter-terrorism work. "While there is profound support across all communities for the police's counter-terrorist effort, there is also a real fragility to public trust in the authorities," he said. "If the Metropolitan Police is to tackle terrorism effectively, it must harness this community support and recognise this fragility."

    BBC, 31st May 2007

  • 1,166 anti-terror arrests net 40 convictions

    The statistics show that of almost 1,200 arrests, 40 have led to convictions under anti-terror legislation, and more than half the suspects held have been released without any charge at all...According to the new statistics, updated for the first time in 18 months, 1,126 arrests were made under the Terrorism Act of 2000 in the UK - excluding in Northern Ireland - between September 11 2001 and December 31 last year...Of the total of 1,166 people, 117 were charged with terrorism offences only while another 104 were charged with terrorism and other criminal offences. A further 186 were charged with other offences including murder, grievous bodily harm, firearms, explosives offences and fraud, while 74 were handed over to the immigration authorities. Of the others, three are on police bail awaiting charging decisions, 12 were cautioned, 10 were dealt with under mental health legislation and two are in custody awaiting extradition proceedings. More than half - 652 - were released without charge. Of those charged, there have been 40 Terrorism Act convictions, with a further 180 people convicted under other legislation. A total of 98 are on, or still awaiting, trial. There were no figures for arrests under the new anti-terrorism legislation, the Terrorism Act 2006, which introduced a range of new offences last year..

    The Guardian, 5th March 2007

    Madeleine Bunting in The Guardian

    Since September 2001, 1,113 people have been arrested under the Terrorism Act of 2000. Only 38 have been convicted, 12 of them Muslims.

    The Guardian, 30th January 2007

    'There is no war on terror'

    The Director of Public Prosecutions, Sir Ken Macdonald, in a speech to the Criminal Bar Association on 23rd January declared, "The fight against terrorism on the streets of Britain is not a war. It is the prevention of crime, the enforcement of our laws and the winning of justice for those damaged by their infringement...London is not a battlefield. Those innocents who were murdered on July 7 2005 were not victims of war. And the men who killed them were not, as in their vanity they claimed on their ludicrous videos, 'soldiers'. They were deluded, narcissistic inadequates. They were criminals. They were fantasists. We need to be very clear about this. On the streets of London, there is no such thing as a 'war on terror', just as there can be no such thing as a 'war on drugs'...We wouldn't get far in promoting a civilising culture of respect for rights amongst and between citizens if we set about undermining fair trials in the simple pursuit of greater numbers of inevitably less safe convictions. On the contrary, it is obvious that the process of winning convictions ought to be in keeping with a consensual rule of law and not detached from it. Otherwise we sacrifice fundamental values critical to the maintenance of the rule of law - upon which everything else depends..."

    Sir Ken Macdonald, 23rd January 2007

    BBC report on Stop and Search.

    Andy Hayman, the Metropolitan Police's assistant commissioner responsible for anti-terror probes: few arrests or charges arose from such searches. "It is very unlikely that a terrorist is going to be carrying bomb-making equipment around... in the street," he told a London police authority hearing. "So, I am not sure what purpose it serves, especially as it upsets so many people, with some sections of our community feeling unfairly targeted. "It seems a big price to pay."

    Terror stop and search questioned, BBC report, 12th December 2006

    According to the Islamic Human Rights Commission, since 9/11 some 950 people, the majority of them Muslims, have been arrested under the Terrorism Act 2000. Of these only 148 were charged and only 27 convicted of terrorism, defined so broadly now that a question mark hangs over some of these cases. Many thousands more have been stopped under the increased stop-and-search powers that anti-terror laws have given police. In 2003-2004 they were up by almost a third. Last year British Transport police statistics revealed that Asians were five times more likely to be stopped than whites. In the month following the London bombings, they had apprehended 2,390 Asian people. None was subsequently charged.

    Faisal Bodi writing in the Guardian, 8th June 2006

    A government report shows that of the 10,941 pedestrians searched under Section 44 last year, only 177 were arrested. These latest statistics represent a record use of the powers since the Act came into force six years ago.

    I cannot see how my search had left society much safer. Last month, the Home Office revealed that people were being stopped at the rate of nearly 100 a day under the powers. But how rigorous a deterrent are 100 searches a day in the light of the 2 million commuters on the tube?

    And how can this "needle in a haystack" approach justify the expense of a significant number of police officers - some of whom are drafted in from other forces and housed in rent-free accommodation for months at a time - to enforce what is essentially a pointless exercise?

    In his annual review of the Terrorism Act last year, Lord Carlile, the independent terror watchdog, said the use of Section 44 "could be cut by at least 50 per cent without significant risk to the public or detriment to policing". Many have argued that these checks are detrimental to the country's fight against terror, alienating the communities whose co-operation they need for intelligence-gathering.

    Surely the Section 44 supporters must be aware of the rising levels of alienation among young Asian males - whom they deem most at risk from extremist ideologies - if they are repeatedly stopped?

    Arifa Akbar writing in The Independent, after being stopped and searched herself on her way to work, February 2006)

    The set of assumptions about the necessity of terrorism laws needs to be confronted if we are not to drift further into an authoritarian state. Terrorism is a particularly serious form of criminal conduct that should be dealt with by mainstream law, the provisions of which are entirely robust enough to catch killers, bombers and conspirators. The police need to use surveillance, informers and forensic expertise to proceed against these wrongdoers, with all evidence (including intercept material) being made available to courts if required. Police powers include arrest, but only when close to a charge - it is about catching real suspects, not fishing among the potentially culpable.

    Conor Gearty, The Guardian, 29th November 2005

    The government's plan to detain terror suspects for up to 90 days without charge could be struck down by the courts as a breach of human rights, its own official anti-terror watchdog warned last night.... Lord Carlile, the independent reviewer of the operation of the terror laws, said ... "A more searching system is required to reflect the seriousness of the state holding someone in high-security custody without charge for as long as three months. I question whether what is proposed in the bill would be proof to challenge under the Human Rights Act given the length of extended detention envisaged."

    The Guardian, 13th October 2005

    The government should not attempt to browbeat judges over its new anti-terrorism laws, the new senior judge in England and Wales warned yesterday. The lord chief justice, Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers, said judges were not in conflict with the government but said that it would be "wholly inappropriate" for a politician to try to put pressure on them. His strong defence of the judiciary's independence comes after Tony Blair, speaking recently on the subject of treating suspected terrorists, said the "rules of the game" were changing.

    The Guardian, 12th October 2005

    One of the country's most senior judicial figures has launched a damning attack on Tony Blair's record of human rights. Lord Steyn, one of the country's most senior judges until he retired from the House of Lords last month, accused the Prime Minister of mounting measures to tackle terrorism that will fall foul of human rights laws.

    The Independent, 10th October 2005

    Lord Bingham of Cornhill, the senior law lord, said ministers did not always understand the reality of the independence of the judiciary. And he warned judges were "bound to take no notice" of a prime minister who ordered them "to do something" that was inconsistent with the rule of law.

    His comments came on the eve of the publication today by Charles Clarke, the Home Secretary, of fresh anti-terrorism legislation. The Government intends that it will pave the way for the detention and expulsion of potential terrorists and extremist Muslim clerics....Lord Bingham said judges had an important role to play in the upholding of human rights of minority groups, because without such protection they might seek violent means to achieve acceptance in society.

    At the same time he reminded judges that they should be impartial, without any vested interest in the outcome of the case."

    'Judges will ignore ministers' diktats on terror'By Robert Verkaik and Nigel Morris, The Independent, 15th September 2005

    ”This is a nation which has been tested in adversity, which has survived physical destruction and catastrophic loss of life. I do not underestimate the ability of fanatical groups of terrorists to kill and destroy, but they do not threaten the life of the nation. Whether we would survive Hitler hung in the balance, but there is no doubt that we shall survive Al-Qaeda. The Spanish people have not said that what happened in Madrid, hideous crime as it was, threatened the life of their nation. Their legendary pride would not allow it. Terrorist violence, serious as it is, does not threaten our institutions of government or our existence as a civil community…. [S]uch a power in any form is not compatible with our constitution. The real threat to the life of the nation, in the sense of a people living in accordance with its traditional laws and political values, comes not from terrorism but from laws such as these. That is the true measure of what terrorism may achieve. It is for Parliament to decide whether to give the terrorists such a victory."

    Lord Hoffmann, Opinion of the Appeal Lords, December 2004

    Britain's top judge has warned that courts must remain "vigilant" to prevent state anti-terrorism measures unlawfully infringing human rights. Lord Chief Justice Lord Woolf said the system of justice was "particularly important" when there were so many security precautions. The judiciary had to be vigilant that measures accorded with the law.

    In the past Lord Woolf has also warned about the government's constitutional reforms and changes to asylum rules. In a speech on Wednesday he said: "The judiciary has at all times to be vigilant to ensure that action which the state takes to protect its citizens as a whole only interferes with the rights of the individual where that interference is in accordance with the law." Any moves to combat terrorism must be proportional and match UK "values".

    Lord Woolf, 22nd July 2004

    From 9/11 until September 30 2005 a total of 895 people have been arrested under the Terrorism Act 2000. Of these, 138 have been charged under this legislation and a further 156 charged with other offences, including murder and the use of explosives. Of the remaining 601 people, 496 were released without charge and 106 dealt with in other ways, including being handed over to the immigration authorities. Only 23 have so far been convicted of terrorist offences.
    The Guardian, 7th October 2005

    Outcome (where known)
    24 Feb 2009 Mohammed Gul, 20 London On 24th Feb 2009 the Guardian reported that "a man has been charged with sending terrorist material by email, Scotland Yard said...[to] appear at City of Westminster Magistrates' Court on Tuesday accused of two counts of transmitting of a terrorist publication in January. He is also charged with possessing a document containing information likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism. Mr Gul, of Elm Park Avenue, Hornchurch, east London was charged with the offences on Monday evening. He was arrested by anti-terror police on February 10 at an address in Hornchurch, a Metropolitan Police spokesman said. The force would not reveal details of the document allegedly found in Mr Gul's possession." unknown The Guardian, 24th Feb 2009

    1st November 2008 Houria Chahed Chentouf, aged 40 Manchester On 1st November 2008 the Daily Express reported that Houria was charged with possessing a USB memory stick under the Terrorism Act 2000. She was remanded in custody until a bail application at the same court on November 6. Her arrest came after police searched addresses in Manchester and Holland. "District judge Anthony Evans said she would remain in custody due to the severity of the charge". unknown Daily Express, 1st November 2008

    21st October 2008 5 men; subsequently one man released, and four charged: 29-year-old from Bordesley Green, a 30-year-old from Sparkbrook and a 34-year-old from Ward End; a 31-year-old from Hodge Hill Birmingham On 21st October 2008 the Guardian reported that "the men were detained on suspicion of being involved in the commission, preparation or instigation of an act of terrorism. The arrests took place at five addresses at approximately 6am. Two business properties were searched as part of the investigation. The men in custody are aged between 29 and 36. Police said the arrests were the result of 'a long and complex investigation' by the West Midlands counter-terrorism unit." On 28th October 2008 the Daily Telegraph reported that in the case of three of the men the charge related to 'engaging in conduct with the intention of assisting in the commission of the act of terrorism', while in the fourth case it was 'failure to disclose information relating to an act of terrorism.' The Telegraph also reported that "Officers from the Counter Terrorism Unit raided six homes and two commercial properties last Tuesday - police removed a number of items from the properties." unknown The Guardian, 21st October 2008

    The Daily Telegraph, 28th October 2008

    4th November 2008 19 year old male, name not disclosed Blackburn On 4th November 2008 the BBC reported that "A man was today arrested on suspicion of terror offences... The 19-year-old was held earlier this morning by police in Blackburn, Lancashire. He was arrested under the Terrorism Act 2006 and specialist police teams are now searching his bedsit, above a take-away shop in the town. A spokeswoman for Lancashire Police said: 'The arrest is the culmination of a counter terrorism operation between Lancashire Constabulary and Greater Manchester Police Counter Terrorism Unit'." unknown The Guardian 4th Nov 2008

    14th Feb 2009 three men in custody are aged 36, 29 and 26. Preston, Burnley On 14th February 2009 the Lancashire Evening Post reported that "five Lancashire homes were being searched today following a dramatic terror swoop near Preston. Nine men travelling towards Preston were seized by police close to junction 1 of the M65 at 9pm on Friday. They were arrested in connection with terrorism offences but six were later released without charge. Three men remain in custody. It has now been confirmed to the Evening Post that the vehicles were travelling to join up with a convoy headed for Gaza." On 15th February the Independent on Sundary reported that "Detectives have been granted extra time to question three men arrested as part of a counter-terrorism operation, police said today.... The homes searched by police are in the constituency of Wajid Khan, Labour councillor for Daneshouse with Stoneyholme. Cllr Khan said: 'I'm aware of one or two individuals involved of the nine who were arrested on Friday. I'm aware of their work, they are well respected and they have been working in the community for a number of years. They're seen in a positive light in their community.' Cllr Khan said local people were "shocked" by the arrests and house searches. 'We're very close knit and we all know each other. It's shocking for any community to have to deal with. It's important that people remain strong and co-operate. The police are doing their operation and we have to be patient. It's a difficult time for us. I think the biggest frustration within the community is that a lot of money's been raised for Gaza, you're trying to help people in a humanitarian crisis. Some people might be thinking, 'is all this because this aid is going to Gaza or is it police conducting a counter-terrorism operation?' "If this was because the aid was going to Gaza then it would be a very devastating consequence for community spirit. 'If you're asking whether it's for Gaza or counter-terrorism, I'm not in a position to answer. Once the investigation has been conducted we look forward to receiving the information from the police,' Cllr Khan added. "

    Seamus Milne, writing in The Guardian on 16th February observed, "...Security sources said the arrests were in connection with a 'potential threat of terrorism in the Middle East' — and it seems they didn't mean a renewed Israeli use of white phosphorus and heavy artillery shells against Palestinian civilians in the Gaza strip. Six have already been released, but the operation instantly delivered a 'Galloway aid convoy link to terror suspects' headline in yesterday's Mail on Sunday, casting a shadow over the 150-vehicle convoy, including 12 ambulances and a fire engine, which is intended to transport £1m worth of aid and highlight the humanitarian crisis in Gaza. The crudely politicised timing of these arrests — 'security sources' have been quoted as saying the three still being held had been under surveillance for two months – underlines how easy it is to play anti-democratic political games once the mantras of terrorism and national security have been invoked. But the net can be thrown far wider under the even more meaningless badge of 'extremism'."

    On 16th February 2009, the Lancashire Telegraph reported that "five of the six released men were prominent figures in Blackburn’s Muslim community, believed to be from the Little Harwood area...the three men still being questioned, who are from Burnley, were said to have been given a last-minute lift with the group as a favour. They were only due to go as far as London. Councillor Salim Mulla, senior vice-chair of the Lancashire Council of Mosques, said: 'I don’t know the three people from Burnley but we received a call where we were asked if the other lads could join them to drive down to London. They were not going to Gaza. We are very angry about the way the police carried out the operation on the M65. If they had suspicions about the three people from Burnley why did they not arrest them before? Why on the motorway? We work hard to build strong community relationships and community cohesion. This creates distrust within the community for the police. The community is very, very angry, it has never been so angry in East Lancashire." On 18th Feb, the Gaza Convoy website announced that "The three men held on Friday 13th on the M65 alongside the brothers from Blackburn have now been released with no charges against them."

    The three men were released after six days detention - no charges were pressed Lancashire Evening Post, 14th Feb

    Independent on Sunday, 15th Feb

    Guardian 16th Feb 2009

    Lancashire Telegraph 16th Feb 2009

    Gaza Convoy website, 18th Feb 2008

    3rd October 2008 Ali Beheshti, 40, Abrar Mirza, 22 and Abbas Taj, 30 East London On 2nd October 2008 the BBC reported that "the three were charged with 'conspiring without lawful excuse to damage the premises... intending to destroy or damage property and with intent to endanger life'. They were also charged with 'conspiring without lawful excuse to damage the premises... intending to destroy or damage property and being reckless as to whether the life of another would thereby be endangered.' Mr Beheshti was also charged with possessing a weapon "designed or adapted for the discharge of a noxious liquid or gas'."

    The three are alleged to have been involved in an arson attack on the publisher of 'The Jewel of Medina'.

    On 3rd October IRNA reported Muslim News editor Ahmed Versi's observation: " what is surprising is that they were held under anti-terror legislation for almost a week and then charged under fire arm seems anti- terror laws are being used as fishing expedition." Versi also stated that according to Police sources, the arrests were the "culmination of investigation of the three trying to set fire to the property and other information received deemed to be suitable under Terrorism Act 2000 and it was intelligence led."

    unknown BBC 2nd October 2008

    IRNA, 3rd October 2008

    16th September 2008 One man, unnamed Hawkinge, Kent On 16th September 2008, the Independent reported that "a suspected terrorist was arrested yesterday in a raid on an executive home in a village in Kent. The man, believed to be in his 40s, was held after police surrounded the £325,000 property on a new-build estate in Hawkinge, near Folkestone, at 8am. Kent police said he was detained on suspicion of 'being engaged in the commission, preparation or instigation of an act of terrorism'."

    On 17th September 2008, The Independent reported that "Kent Police were due to seek extra time to detain the man at a court hearing this evening but announced that he had been freed without charge this afternoon. " The Independent, 16th September 2008

    The Independent, 17th September 2008

    15th August 2008 Three men, unnamed as on 15th August, aged 21, 22 and 23; one further arrest of a 25 year old on 26th August 2008; one further arrest of 29 year old man, unnamed. On 1st September, named as: Muhammad Ali Mumtaz Ahmad, 24; Ishaq Kanmi and Abbas Iqbal; Ilya; further arrest of Krenar Lusha, 29 Manchester airport, Accrington, Blackburn, Derby On 15th August, the Guardian reported that "the arrests followed a joint operation by Lancashire police and Greater Manchester police counter terrorism unit. Officers are tonight searching the homes of the three men in the Blackburn area."

    On 16th August the Lancashire Telegraph reported that "Police have declined to name the three men...who all live in Blackburn". The newspaper also reported that "the three Blackburn men arrested under the terrorism act are devout Muslims who travel abroad to 'teach' their faith, according to friends...It is believed the other two men are a mufti - an Islamic scholar - and a Maulana, which means a religious leader."

    On 26th August 2008, The Guardian reported that a fourth individual had been arrested in Whalley Range, Blackburn:"Police say the suspects, all from Blackburn, Lancashire, are linked to an investigation into threats to kill Gordon Brown. A police spokeswoman said today: 'The arrest is part of an ongoing investigation by Lancashire constabulary and Greater Manchester counter-terrorism unit'."

    On 27th August 2008, BBC reported the arrest of a fifth individual in Derby: " A police spokesman said: 'A search of the address in Derbyshire is under way and is expected to take several days.' Greater Manchester Police Counter Terrorism Unit and Lancashire Constabulary are conducting the probe."

    On 2nd September a report in the International Herald Tribune named four individuals, and indicated that Ishaq Kanmi and Abbas Iqbal were boarding a flight to Finland - not Iceland as in earlier reports.

    It is quite common for dar ul-uloom students to be invited to lead tarawih prayers in mosques on the Continent - so Muslims in Britain wait and see what these latest wave of detentions with dramatic allegations lead to.

    On 9th September the BBC reported the arrest of one Krener Lusha, who "faces five charges, including collecting or recording information likely to be useful to someone wanting to commit or prepare a terrorist act. He is also accused of possessing 4kg of Potassium Nitrate."

    Lancashire Telegraph, 16th August 2008

    The Guardian, 26th August 2008

    BBC, 27th August 2008

    IHT, 1st September 2008

    BBC, 9th September 2008

    2nd July 2008 Police raids - Operation Aragorn Stoke on Trent On 2nd July, the Daily Telegraph reported that "prompted by concerns about the activities of a small number of people in the local community Staffordshire Police has acted upon those concerns and today's operation is the latest stage of the force's investigation to resolve them and help establish the facts...The investigation, called Operation Aragorn, has been going on since last year and officers executing search warrants have now seized a significant amount of computer material along with printed literature and four vehicles. A source said: 'We are looking at people trying to influence impressionable people and that includes young people and those with mental health problems.' Three of the houses were in the Cobridge area of Stoke, one in the High Lane area of Burslem and one in Tunstall. No arrests have been made and police said the operation posed 'no direct risk to public safety.' Stoke City Councillor Lee Wanger, a councillor in Tunstall and deputy leader of the Conservative and Independent Alliance group, said: 'The people whose houses were raided were handing out leaflets and pamphlets to people in the street, particularly targeting the younger element of the community'."

    The exercise smacks of the pernicious influence of the 'IN35' indicator, established by Government as part of rolling out its 'Preventing Violent Extremism programme'. IN35 is supposed to be a quantitative measure of 'resilience' to so-called violent extremism! Some local authorities have resented to this reporting requirement, because it makes them an arm of the police or of the security services (e.g. refuse collection workers checking bins for incriminating material). However clearly, some Councils are more willing to oblige?

    The Daily Telegraph, 2nd July 2008

    11th June 2008 Yeshi Girma, 32 London On 11th June 2008 the Guardian reported that the wife of 21/7 bomber Hussain Osman, Yeshi Girma, was found guilty by a jury of having information about terrorism and failing to disclose it 'without reasonable excuse'. She was also convicted of assisting an offender and failing to disclose information about Osman's involvement in the July 21 attacks. Girma, of Stockwell, south London, cried when the verdicts were returned. She will be sentenced at a later date. She had claimed in court that despite having three children with Osman she was not married to him, did not live with him and knew little of what he was planning. The Prosecution told the Court that her fingerprints were discovered on tapes of "extremist Islamic preaching". The Guardian, 11th June 2008

    23rd May 2008 Rizwaan Sabir, Hicham Yezza Nottingham On 23rd May 2008 the Muslim News reported that "Politics student Rizwaan Sabir was arrested on May 14 along with a 30-year-old member of staff under the Terrorism Act 2000. Both men were eventually released on May 20, although the staff member was re-arrested on unrelated immigration issues.

    The charge related to possession of an al-Qa’ida handbook, that was 'easily accessible' and 'was 100% related to his studies' according to his tutor: 'the information he obtained was actually on the reading list'" - in preparation for his PhD on radical Islamic groups. She was also convinced that Rizwan’s Muslim faith contributed to him getting arrested, saying 'it undoubtedly played a part'." On 24th May, the Muslim News provided additional reportage:" The University of Nottingham was unapologetic over its decision to call the police. 'There is no reason why the material they had should have been part of their studies,' spokesperson for the University initially told The Muslim News. But faced with a barrage of staff testimony contradicting their claim that material downloaded was irrelevant, the spokesperson later insisted that the police were involved because Sabir had forwarded the information to 'a 30-year-old member of clerical staff, who was not connected with the research.' The University seemingly failed to find out that it was emailed to the staff member to print because Sabir’s owns printer was not working.

    A spokesman for disgruntled student and staff Musab Younis said he was not surprised that the official statements from the University of Nottingham originally denied the material was for research purpose. 'They fully co-operated with the police during this disgraceful affair in which many people underwent great distress,' Younis said. He told The Muslim News that it should be borne in mind the police did not press charges. 'This was after a huge effort to search their and their families’ residences, confiscate computers and books, and question many of their friends,' he said. Student bodies also challenged the University’s assertion that the investigation was 'sensitively handled'. Instead they insisted that during the investigation premises connected to them including campus property, were searched. A uniformed presence was in place at the University’s main Trent building. 'The police regularly attempted to collate information about student activism and peaceful campaigning. They asked numerous questions about the student peace magazine ‘Ceasefire’, and other political student activities,' said Younis. A Nottinghamshire police confirmed to The Muslim News they had applied for a warrant to extend the detention before they were eventually released. 'The judge was satisfied with the evidence presented and granted the extension,' a spokesman said. Both the Department of Innovation, Universities & Skills (DIUS) and Home Office refused to comment on Sabir’s case. In response to the wrongful detentions, academics from the University of Nottingham will be doing a public reading of the research material that led to arrests under the Terrorism Act on campus, outside the Hallward library, University Park Campus, at 2:00pm, on May 28. The reading will be followed by a silent protest where students and academics will symbolically gag themselves to object to the attack on academic freedom."

    The Nottingham University employee who had been requested by Rizwan Sabir to print his 1500 page document, Hicham Yezza was re-arrested on immigration grounds and, due to confusion over his visa documentation, charged with offences relating to his immigration status. He sought legal advice and representation regarding these matters whilst in custody. On Friday 23rd May, the Home Office informed his solicitor that he was being removed on Sunday 1st June and Hicham was moved to an immigration detention centre. He now faces imminent deportation to Algeria without due process.

    The news report on the incident in The Times Higher Education Supplement's web site (22nd May 2008) prompted numerous responses, including this one from a researcher at St Andrew's University:"It is all due to the fear of the 'other' in society. I may not study politics, but through my literature degree I have been studying the effects of otherness as a driving force for fear and confrontation. Furthermore, it is a fear compounded when one cannot immediately detect that other. Darker skin is a marker, yes, but what marks religion? Extremist views? This student had lived in Nottingham all his life, was a British twenty-two year old, and suddenly this document made him distinctly other than a normal British student. It made him exactly that other which society fears, because we can alienate ourselves from it and create a monster in its place. It is high time that western society, as a whole, made a move in evolving past the 'us versus them' instinct. We should respect difference, not fear it."

    On 11th June, Lee Glendinning of the Guardian spoke to Rizwaan Sabir about the trauma: when Rizwaan reached the police station, the second floor had been entirely sealed off. It was, he said, like some form of solitary confinement.

    "The restricted access made me feel like a real criminal. It felt like I was in the seventies - the lights were off and there was one table; all the cells were empty. I thought, 'What the hell is going on here?'

    For the first 48 hours, he was told nothing, but was placed under 24-hour surveillance.

    They watched everything you did and wrote it down. I would read a book and they would write down what I was reading. They would follow me when I had a shower and stand right there. You couldn't take one step out of the cell without someone following you. They would stop and do random searches of the cell. It was so humiliating.

    Day six was the hardest. Knowing your life depends on a decision that someone else takes ... when you have done something with the most clean-hearted intention. It really is psychological torture.

    Officers from the West Midlands counter-terrorism branch told him they were searching his car, computer and the family home, making him feel panicked about his family's reaction. His mother, father, grandmother and two siblings were at home in the suburbs of Nottingham.

    His colleagues on campus were also questioned in relation to the investigation, with the focus on whether he had a girlfriend, whether he drank alcohol and whether he had always worn a beard.

    They were quizzed by police for five hours … they said to my personal tutor that if this had been a young, blond, Swedish PhD student, then this would never have happened. The investigating officers were making these statements when I was detention.

    At one point, officers began asking him about tents they had found in his car, which he explained belonged to friends who had used them while taking part in a hunger strike.

    They found the tents and were trying to create an adverse influence. 'Have you been camping?' they asked 'Are you planning to go camping? Have you been paintballing? Are you planning to go paintballing?

    On the sixth day, without realising his freedom was imminent, he was told by a female police officer that the document he had looked at was deemed illegitimate for research purposes by the university, and if he ever looked at it again he could face further detention. He believed he was about to be charged.

    He said: It was breaking … absolutely terrifying, I was sitting there thinking, 'God, am I ever going to get out of here?'

    When told he was to be released without charge, he walked into the room to speak with his solicitor.

    I was shaking so violently I fell to the floor. I went back to the room and just cried and cried … Somehow, I had managed to get my emotions back.

    Returning home to his family was traumatic in its own way: the house, he said, no longer felt like the home he knew. It had been searched, his belongings had been taken, his room felt like it had been rummaged through, and his home felt like it had been broken into.

    He still feels a sense of dread when he sees police or hears a siren. He thinks about the possibility he could have been charged, that he could be waiting right now on remand for a court date. He finds the idea of returning to study a difficult one - although it is what he wants - and is seeking counselling for an experience he says has scarred him deeply.

    Rizwaan's colleague, Hisham Yezza, was also released without charge after six days, but he is now being held in a detention centre and contesting moves to deport him to Algeria.

    Concerned about what he calls the climate of fear the government has created in Britain, which he says has in turn prompted a society of suspicion, Rizwaan feels the UK is becoming a place that does not allow a natural interest and involvement in politicisation.

    'Police are paranoid that every Muslim who is young and has a beard and is slightly involved in politics is a national security threat,' he says.

    'I was a regular student who was researching a phenomenon we encounter in today's society.'

    Rizwaan Sabir Released

    Hecham Yezza has written about his ordeal: "On May 14 I was arrested under section 41 of the Terrorism Act - on suspicion of the 'instigation, preparation and commission of acts of terrorism': an absurdly nebulous formulation that told me nothing about the sin I had apparently committed. Once in custody, almost 48 hours passed before it was confirmed that the entire operation (involving dozens of officers, police cars, vans, and scientific support agents) was triggered by the presence on my University of Nottingham office computer of an equally absurd document called the "al-Qaida Training Manual", a declassified open-source document that I had never read and had completely forgotten about since it had been sent to me months before.

    Rizwaan Sabir, a politics student friend of mine (who was also arrested), had downloaded the file from the US justice department website while conducting research on terrorism for his upcoming PhD. An extended version of the same document (which figures on the politics department's official reading list) was also available on Amazon. I edit a political magazine; Rizwaan regularly sent me copies of research materials he was using, and this document was one.

    Within hours of my incarceration I had lost track of time. I often awoke thinking I had been asleep for days only to discover it wasn't midnight yet. My confidence in the competence (and motives) of the police ebbed away. I found myself shifting my energies from remaining cheerful to remaining sane. In the early hours, I was often startled by the metallic toilet seat, crouched in the corner like some sinister beast.

    For days on end, I drew cartoons and wrote diary entries in the margins of Mills and Boon novellas. I spent hours reciting things to myself: names of Saul Bellow characters, physics Nobel prize winners, John Coltrane albums, anything to keep the numbness away.....

    underwent 20 hours of vigorous interrogation while entire days were being completely wasted by the police micro-examining every detail of my life: my political activism, my writings, my work in theatre and dance, my love life, my photography, my cartooning, my magazine subscriptions, my bus tickets.

    Aspects of my life that would have been seen as commendable in others were suddenly viewed as suspect in my case for no apparent reason other than my religious and ethnic background. I was guilty of being that strangest of creatures: a Muslim who reads; who studied engineering yet writes about Bob Dylan; was a vocal opponent of the Iraq war yet owns all of Christopher Hitchens' writings; admires Terry Eagleton yet defends Martin Amis; interviews Kazuo Ishiguro, listens to Leonard Cohen, goes to Radiohead concerts, all of which became the subject of rather bizarre questioning.

    This is not all: outside, lives are shattered, jobs are lost, marriages are destroyed, minds are damaged, friends and families are traumatised - often irrevocably so. My parents, whom I wasn't allowed to call, could barely get any sleep throughout the ordeal. Many of my Muslim university friends were, and still are, worried about being targeted themselves. For most of my loved ones, despite my innocence, nothing will ever be the same again. I'm now jobless, facing destitution and threatened with deportation from the country I've called home for nearly half my life."

    Rizwaan Sabir has also written a moving account of his ordeal:"For millions of people in the UK, anti-terror legislation is rather distant, its finer points discussed only by politicians, specialist lawyers and the like. We hear about attempts to introduce tough laws; we hear about new arrests, and we get on with our lives. But for my friend Hicham and me, the force of the new anti-terror legislation suddenly became a harsh reality. Our arrests have implications for the rights of individuals in Britain to read legally available open-source documents free from the fear of arrest.....

    Once placed under arrest in the car park of the University's Trent building, I naively thought I would be released in a few hours, that it was all a terrible misunderstanding or a sick joke.

    We were taken to Bridewell police station (a small specialised prison complex consisting of approximately 90 cells) and placed in a cell. I was informed that a warrant would soon be issued and my house would be raided. I had still not been told the reason for my arrest.

    For the suspected "terrorists" (Hicham and me), they had sealed off the entire second floor of the prison. We were kept in solitary confinement. Our only human contact – apart from the detention officers and my lawyer – was with a judge that smiled down on us whilst stamping an authorisation order for a further five days detention.

    For the first 12 hours I was incommunicado. For the first 2 days I was on a 24-hour watch. Two officers sat outside my open cell door, watching my every move and making notes in a custody log. I couldn't sleep. I couldn't eat. I was too scared to pray, lest that be used against me. My property was seized, forensically examined, and my family evicted. My car was compounded and my friends and lecturers repeatedly questioned. I was photographed, fingerprinted, foot-printed and DNA-swabbed. It was the first time in my life I had felt so criminalised and degraded.

    I was interviewed once a day, except for the last day, when I sat through two mind-numbing interviews. I was asked my opinion of the training manual, whether I had used it, or was planning on using it, or whether I had disseminated it. I was asked if I had ever travelled to Pakistan, Iraq, Afghanistan or Turkey (obviously the lack of stamps in my passport weren't enough to convince them), whether I had ever been camping, or was planning a camping trip. I was questioned about September 11 and asked to explain what I thought of al-Qaida. The interviews got more absurd with time. I was questioned about journal articles in my bedroom from Foreign Affairs and World Politics, photographs I had taken of friends with Edinburgh Castle in the background, and questioned about cheesy pop CDs from the early 1990s – embarrassingly – discovered in my bedroom.

    Unfettered questioning and microscopic searches for six days did not produce any evidence, and I was released without charge. The police had finally realised I was a postgraduate student studying terrorism; not a member of an al-Qaida sleeper-cell.

    Bill Rammell, the higher education minister, has made it clear, in his speeches and through his department's guidance to universities, that academic freedom is important and that it is vital that academics and students should be able to study terrorism. Nevertheless, in apparent contravention of the government guidance, the police threatened me with further detention if I used the document for my research.

    I would like to say my freedom to research had the full backing of my University authorities, but unfortunately they appear unwilling to uphold the right of their students to read and study legal, openly available documents free from the fear of arrest.

    My feeling upon release was sheer relief and happiness; the joy of freedom and the pleasure of seeing my loved ones was something I had never encountered before. But beneath it all lay terrifying thoughts and questions; what would have happened if I had been charged? How would I have coped in a maximum-security prison? The answers to these questions still haunt me today.

    The authorities have a tough job fighting terrorism. But locking away innocent people without prior investigation (for what may soon be 42 days) to later release them without charge is certainly not the way. It is not the way to make Britain safer. It is not the way to bring a multicultural and multiracial society together. It is not the way to unit British citizens against terrorism, but it is a way of setting a very worrying precedent that might achieve just the opposite.

    Detaining people who have actually committed a crime of which there is evidence is understandable, but detaining those against whom there is no evidence is not.

    Muslim News, 23rd May 2008

    THES, 23rd May 2008

    Lee Glendenning interview, 11th June 2008

    Hicham Yezza's ordeal, 18th August 2008

    Rizwaan Sabir's ordeal, 16th September 2008

    23rd May 2008 Saeed Ghafoor, 33 Cumbria On 23rd May 2008 the Daily Mail reported that "Ghafoor made his threat [to bomb the Bluewater shopping centre] to prison officers at Haverigg jail in Cumbria in February this year. He was serving a 12-month sentence imposed by Southampton Crown Court in January for threats to kill his sister and assault. The court was told he had grabbed her round the throat and also threatened her with a knife....After being released on licence on March 7, Ghafoor was arrested and taken to Carlisle police station, where he was questioned and charged. Prosecutor Pierce Arnold said he was now in Wandsworth prison as his licence had been revoked...Mr Arnold said the first prison officer he spoke to formed the impression that Ghafoor was a 'fantasist' but took the threat seriously. Senior prison officer Dawn Pugh then went to see him and he told her: 'I am planning to bomb Bluewater shopping centre in Exeter'."

    Bluewater is situated in Essex. In court, Ghafoor was said to have a history of domestic trouble which resulted in him threatening to destroy property.

    Not known Daily Mail, 23rd May 2008

    22nd May 2008 Nicky Reilly, 22; two others - unnamed Exeter On 22nd May 2008 the BBC reported that "A man arrested after an explosion at an Exeter restaurant had 'a history of mental illness' and was a recent convert to Islam according to Police sources. Questions are being asked within the Muslim community on the reasons for the Constabulary disclosing personal details on Mr Reilly - for example relating to his conversion and the association with becoming 'radicalised'. On 23rd May, the Daily Mail reported that "two men were picked up by police a day after the bomb was detonated". On 15th October 2008, the Guardian reported that "Nicky Reilly, who changed his name to Mohammed Rashid Saeed-Alim after converting, admitted the failed attack at the Giraffe restaurant in Exeter on May 22...Reilly, who has a history of mental illness, admitted using the internet to research how to make bombs using caustic soda, paraffin, nails and soft drink bottles. 'His plan was to run out of the cubicle with all three bombs,' Kerim Fuad, defending, told the judge, Mr Justice Calvert-Smith. Two further charges related to explosives were dropped by the prosecution after Reilly admitted the more serious charge of attempted murder. Reilly is being held at Belmarsh prison in south-east London. He is expected to be sentenced in November." unknown BBC 22nd May 2008

    Daily Mail 23rd May 2008

    Guardian 15th October 2008

    10th May 2008 31 year old male, unnamed; later named as Hassan Butt [follow link] Manchester airport On 10th May 2008 the BBC reported that "a man is being questioned by police on suspicion of terrorist offences after he was arrested at Manchester Airport". Properties were being searched in Bury and another was in north Manchester. [follow link]

    BBC 10th May 2008

    23rd April 2008 Mohammed Abushamma and Qasim Abukar, both 20 North London On 23rd April 2008 the Daily Mail reported that "the men were arrested after getting off an inbound flight to Heathrow this morning. It is believed the charges relate to alleged planned terror attacks overseas. The charges state that between March 17 and April 18 the men 'engaged in conduct in preparation for giving effect to their intention of committing acts of terrorism contrary to section 5(1)(a) of the Terrorism Act 2006'." unknown

    Daily Mail, 23rd April 2008

    18th April 2008 unnamed man (later named as Andrew Ibrahim) aged 19; subsequently also named: Hashi Mohamed Omar, 18 Bristol On 18th April 2008 the Guardian reported that a "controlled explosion" had been carried out in the Westbury-on-Trym area of Bristol after a man was arrested under the Terrorism Act.

    The Daily Mail provided further reportage:"Mrs Ball, a retired banquet worker who was recently widowed, said she knew a Muslim man who lived on the far corner of the cul-de-sac...I know the young Muslim who lives there. I saw him walking down the road last week in a linen cotton outfit with chiffon sides.....Farooq Siddique, of the Bristol Muslim Cultural Society, said 'I hope this is a false alarm but we must allow the police time to carry out their duties'." On 19th April, the Daily Mail named the individual: "a terror suspect who dresses in Muslim robes was once a spiky-haired hardcore music fan with a pierced eyebrow. Andrew Ibrahim, 19, was arrested by police under the Terrorism Act on Thursday". On 29th April the Guardian reported that "Ibrahim has been charged with possession of an explosive substance - hexamethylene triperoxide diamine - with intent. He is also accused of engaging in conduct with the intention to commit acts of terrorism and possession of articles for terrorist purposes. The items listed as being in his possession were a CD-Rom, two homemade vests, ball bearings, air gun pellets, nails and screws, wired circuitry, batteries and electric bulb filaments".

    On 23rd June 2008, the BBC reported that as part of the investigation on Andrew Ibrahim, police had arrested Hashi Omar for "failing to disclose information".


    Guardian, 18th April 2008

    Daily Mail, 18th April 2008

    Daily Mail, 19th April 2008

    Guardian, 29th April 2008

    BBC, 23rd June 2008

    18th April 2008 Abu Izzadine (Omar Brooks, formerly Trevor Brooks); Shal Jalal Hussain, also known as Abu Muwahid; 24, Sulaiman (Simon) Keeler, 35; Ibrahim Abdullah Hassan, 21; all of east London, Omar Zaheer, 27, of Southall, west London, and Rajib Khan, 28. London On 17th April 2008 the Guardian reported on the trial of Abu Izzadine and associates, sentenced for fundraising for terrorists and inciting terrorism overseas.

    Izzedine has been a 'useful idiot' who for one reason or other has for years been given a long rope by the authorities.

    For example, in September 2006, the then Home Secretary John Reid, received a trenchant open letter from George Galloway: "the man who harangued you - Abu Izzadine - is a well-known and violent extremist from an organisation your own government has proscribed. Yet he was allowed within punching distance of the British Home Secretary. How ? Why ? This is the same man who led a group of fanatic thugs in the brief 'hostage-taking' of myself and my daughter and several innocent members of the public during a general election meeting last year. This is well known to the Special Branch and senior police officers in East London - the very people in charge of your security today. This man has appeared on many occasions on television and in the press as a dangerous extremist who has praised the terrorist attacks on July 7th and 9/11. His comments were amongst those adduced in your own government's case for the proscription of the Al Ghuraba organisation. There are only two conceivable explanations as to how this man, at this sensitive time, was allowed to hijack your Potemkin Village performance today. Either our police and security services are so fantastically incompetent that Bin Laden himself might have slipped in to beard you at your podium. Or someone somewhere wanted to engineer precisely this confrontation to show you in a certain light and to portray the Muslims of Britain in the most aggressive violent and extreme way possible, as a justification for the utterly counter-productive policies you are following".

    On 19th April 2008 Abu Izzadine was sentenced for for four and a half years "for terrorism-related offences committed during a series of inflammatory speeches". Judge Martin told Izzadeen: "I am left in no doubt that your speeches were used by you as self-aggrandisement and not as an expression of sincerely held religious views. I find that you are arrogant, contemptuous and utterly devoid of any sign of remorse."

    Abdul Muhid was sentenced to two years for fundraising for terrorism abroad. He will serve the term once he finishes a four-year sentence for soliciting murder during protests against the publication of the Danish cartoons in 2007. The other defendants were given prison terms between two years and three years nine months.

    Guardian, 17th April 2008

    Salaam Blogs: John Reid and the theatre of politics, September 2006
    Independent, 19th April 2008

    8th April 2008 Max Khan Stoke on Trent On 8th April 2008 BBC reported the experience of one of its staff:"Mr Khan said he was targeted after police were told an 'Arabic-looking man was acting suspiciously' outside the Potteries Shopping Centre in Hanley. He was on his way back from a story about the recently-moved Post Office and carrying a backpack containing equipment that is regularly used to allow reporters to broadcast from locations around the city centre. He said the officers came at him from several directions at about 1100 BST and shouted for him to 'get down on the floor'. He said his initial reaction was 'embarrassment and the humiliation of being treated that way, when you've done nothing wrong'. He added: 'I think it then moved on to fear of what could have happened and a bit of anger as well. 'You get the apologies at the scene from officers, but you still feel that maybe there could have been better intelligence or something. 'It seems somewhat basic to be treated in that way just because of the colour of your skin.' The officers handed him a stop-search notice..." Released

    BBC, 8th April 2008

    8th April 2008 Waheed Ali, 24; Sadeer Saleem, 27; and Mohammed Shakil, 31 West Yorkshire On 8th April 2008 the Yorkshire Post reported the start of the trial in London of three men "alleged to have carried out reconnaissance missions for the suicide bombers". They deny the "single count of conspiring to cause explosions". On 11th April 2008 the Guardian reported that, according to the public prosecutor, "it was not his case that the defendants were directly involved in the London bombings 'in the sense that they were responsible for transporting the bombs that were detonated with such catastrophic consequence. It is the prosecution case that the defendants associated with and shared the beliefs of the London bombers and so were willing to assist them in one particular and important aspect of their preparation for the London bombings". The Guardian noted, "highlighting the connections between the bombers and the accused and their 'shared beliefs', he [the prosecutor] told the jury that in October 1999, Shakil countersigned Siddique Khan's passport application. In July 2001, Ali travelled to Pakistan with Siddique Khan and in July 2003 Shakil went there with Siddique Khan". Reference has also been made to the information provided by Junaid Babar who has featured in the Fertiser trial.

    To further the linkage with 'shared beliefs',the prosecutor "showed the jury a video made by Siddique Khan as he introduces his baby daughter, Maryam, to her 'uncles', who include the July 7 bombers Tanweer and Hussain, and one of the accused, [Waheed] Ali. In a similar video, Siddique Khan then says goodbye to his daughter before what the prosecution say was his departure to fight jihad in Afghanistan".

    On 8th May 2008, The Guardian reported that "Shakil told police he and [7/7 suicide bomber Siddique] Khan had become friends in their early 20s when they 'drank alcohol and smoked cannabis together'....Ali admitted recognising all four men when he saw images of the bombers although he claimed not to know Hussain or Lindsay very well. He said he was shocked and insisted he knew nothing about the bombings, telling officers had he known 'he would have been the first to call them'."

    Following a three month trial at Kingston Crown Court, a jury could not decide on verdicts and the three were discharged on 1st August 2008.

    Yorkshire Post, 8th April 2008

    The Guardian, 10th April 2008

    The Guardian, 8th May 2008

    Daily Telegraph, 1st August 2008

    6th December 2007 Two men aged 25 and 39,later named as Faiz Baluch and Hyrbyair Marri West and North West London On 5th December 2007 BBC reported two men were arrested "on suspicion of the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism" under the Terrorism Act. The report added, "the allegations are reportedly related to offences being planned overseas. The men are being held in custody at a London police station". On 11th December 2007 reported that Marri "is also charged with having a weapon designed or adapted for the discharge of any noxious liquid, gas or other thing". The Guardian on the same day indicated that the arrests could relate to a deal - the two men were wanted in Pakistan for activities relating to Baluchistan, while the UK was seeking the extradition of Rashid Rauf, a 26-year-old Briton held in a high security prison in Pakistan. Not known

    BBC, 5th November 2007

    BBC, 11th November 2007 and

    Guardian, 11th November 2007

    12th December 2007 Nicholas Roddis, 22 Leeds On 12th December 2007 The Sun reported that "Roddis, of Reedham Drive, Bramley, Rotherham, South Yorkshire, who was wearing a red T-shirt, spoke only to confirm his name as he appeared by videolink before Judge John Milford. He faces 13 charges, including one of engaging in preparation of an act of terrorism between April 12 last year and July 12 this year. There are also 11 counts of possessing an article for a terrorist purpose, on July 11 this year. They relate to containers of hydrogen peroxide and acetone, a mobile phone and a computer, a quantity of nails, railway detonators, a bomb-making recipe, a diary, and a list 'which included the particulars of terrorist acts'. He is also charged with placing a hoax bomb on a bus on May 8 this year."

    On 1st July 2008 the Times reported that 'Not long after he had got on, he left the bus, leaving one bag behind. When a passenger checked inside, he saw three packages with nails, wire, a working clock and a piece of paper with foreign writing on it.' Mr Roddis denies placing a hoax bomb on a bus, engaging in preparation for an act of terrorism and 11 counts of possessing articles for terrorist purposes."

    Not known The Sun, 12 December 2007
    The Times, 1st July 2008
    22nd November 2007 Abdul Rahman, 25 Manchester On 22nd November 2007 The Manchester Evening News reported on the conviction of Abdul Rahman, a mobile phone salesman, after he had pleaded guilty to helping a man fly to Pakistan - breaking an anti-terror control order. The newspaper noted that he had,"harboured a young British man from the south of Greater Manchester, known as AK, then spirited him out of the country on January 4 this year. A day before, police had served AK with a control order restricting his movements and forbidding him from leaving the country as they feared he would get involved with terrorism".

    Rahman also pleaded guilty to possession of a `call to arms' letter from a school friend out fighting coalition forces in Afghanistan. Police also found a padded envelope containing a knife, phones and accessories which Rahman intending to post to Pakistan.

    The Prosecutor told the Court that Rahman "was part of a terror cell set up to recruit, radicalise and encourage young Muslims to go to Afghanistan to fight against coalition troops".

    In sentencing, Sentencing, Judge Clement Goldstone told him: "It is not an offence in this country to hold even extreme views, however repugnant they might be to the British public. But it was because you held such views that you actively started recruiting young men for jihad" and that it was with some `hesitation' that he was sentencing Rahman as he had since renounced his radical views.

    Convicted for 6 years at the Manchester Crown Court Manchester Evening News, 22 November 2007
    5th October 2007 Not named, 17 year old; trial proceedings (acquitals) later named Waris Ali and also Dabeer Hussain Dewsbury On 5th October 2007 the BBC reported that a 17-year-old boy has been charged with two offences under the Terrorism Act: "the teenager, who was arrested at an address in the Dewsbury area on Monday, will appear at Westminster Magistrates' Court in London on Friday. Officers say the first charge relates to the possession of material for terrorist purposes. The second relates to the collection or possession of information useful in the preparation of an act of terrorism".

    On 7th October 2008, at their trial in Leeds, the Huddersfield Examiner reported that "The teenagers, former school friends at Westborough High School, are accused of possessing a terrorism manual called the Anarchists’ Cookbook on their computers....The court heard they discussed a plan to spy on and blow up members of the far right political group. Ali was said to nurture a particular dislike of the BNP, the court heard....The court was told MSN messages revealed the teenagers discussing surveillance techniques and how to plant a listening device in someone’s house. Hussain said in one message: 'Find out where they all hang out (BNP) (and) we blow them all up.' Ali, who used the username ’everything is fair in love and war’ replied: "You are one f****d up fella.' Ali, of Dearnley Street, Ravensthorpe, denies three counts of possession of an article for a terrorist purpose between May 2006 and September 2007. Hussain, of Clarkson Street, Ravensthorpe, denies one count of possession of an article for a terrorist purpose."

    On 23rd October 2008 the BBC reported that both men had been cleared of terrorism charges""Speaking outside the court after the verdicts, Mr Ali said he was 'extremely relieved' that he had been cleared of the charges but was angry about how he had been treated. 'I believe that if I was not from a Muslim background, I would not have been prosecuted...I have had to live in fear of being branded a terrorist....I feel it was completely obvious once the police looked up the evidence that I had nothing to do with terrorism at all. Silly teenage chat and things I said at school were taken out of context and presented as if it was evidence that I was an extremist."

    BBC, 5th October 2007

    Huddersfield Examiner, 7th October 2007

    BBC, 24th October 2008

    16th October 2007 Two men, 28 & 31; later named as Adam Mohamed of Chessington, and Imad Shoubaki, 31, of Merton South London On 16th October 2007 BBC named two men arrested with "conspiring to possess money for terrorist purposes". The report stated that "Mr Mohamed is accused of having a computer disk with a file containing a book called Zaad e Mujahid 'in circumstances which give rise to a reasonable suspicion that your possession thereof is for a purpose connected with the commission, preparation or instigation of an act of terrorism'. Mr Shoubaki is also accused of the same charge and of possessing another computer file entitled 'How to become an assassin'. He is also accused of possessing computer files 'of a kind likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism'." On 18th January 2008 the Surrey Comet reported that the terror charges against two men had been dropped: "But the Old Bailey heard the prosecution had decided to discontinue its case against the two men on that count". Mohamed, of Chessington, Surrey, faced no further charges. However Shoubaki, of Merton, south London, faces three further charges of owning documents for reasons linked to terrorism. Viv Goddard, prosecuting, said the documents were allegedly found on computer discs at his home. Mr Justice Calvert-Smith adjourned the case for a plea and case management hearing on March 7.

    Adam Mohamed - terrorism charges dropped BBC, 16th Oct 2007
    Surrey Comet, 18th Jan 2008
    7th November 2007 Ali Ben Zidane Chehidi, 34, and Mohamed Salah Ben Hamadi Khemiri, 53, Purley, Surrey & Cheetham, Manchester On 7th October 2007 The Times reported two Tunisians were detained in dawn raids: "the swoop was part of a coordinated operation led by Italian antiterrorist police aimed at breaking up a sophisticated recruitment organisation. Some 20 suspects, mostly of North African origin, were picked up in further raids in Italy, France and Portugal". The report added that according to Police sources "the two men were arrested on behalf of the Italian authorities under an extradition warrant in relation to allegations that between 2003 and 2005 they forged documents to facilitate the illegal entry into Italy of recruited volunteers to fight jihad in Iraq and Afganistan. Not known

    The Times, 7th November 2007

    10th September 2007 Rangzeib Ahmed, 32 Heathrow On 8th September 2007 The Muslim News reported that Khan was arrested "minutes after his plane touched down". First arrested in August 2006 in Pakistan's North West Frontier Province but never charged, the country's Supreme Court had ordered his release. In a statement, Human Rights Watch noted that "the Pakistanis, the British and the US have been unable to unearth a shred of evidence against this person". According to HRW it is believed that Ahmed was involved with groups fighting Indian security forces in the disputed Kashmir region and spent time in jail in India, and "British authorities secured his release". He then returned to Britain before travelling to Pakistan in 2006 to visit relatives.

    Why he was allowed to leave Britain, only to be arrested on his return, raises questions.

    On 18th September 2007, BBC reported that "one of the charges accuses him [Rangzeib] of directing the activities of an organisation which was concerned in the commission of acts of terrorism. Mr Ahmed, from Fallowfield, Manchester, is due to appear before City of Westminster Magistrates' Court. He is also charged with possessing three books containing information which would be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism. The final charge is that Mr Ahmed was in possession of a rucksack containing traces of explosive, in circumstances which suggested it was for a purpose connected with terrorism. The first two charges are said to have taken place between 22 April 2004 and 24 August 2006, while the final charge is said to have occurred between 1 January 2006 and 24 January 2007.

    On 20th September 2007, The Guardian quoted a statement from Rangzeib's solicitor Tayab Ali of London law firm McCormacks:"Mr Ahmed has injuries which would support the allegation of torture [in Pakistan], including having his fingernails pulled out. We will be investigating whether there is any British government complicity in his detention and torture". The Guardian report added, "after two months of interrogation he was questioned by US officials, and he was also seen on one occasion by British officials, who showed him a series of photographs of people they wanted identified. The Foreign Office confirmed that although consular officials had been denied access to Mr Ahmed, other officials from the high commission in Islamabad were allowed to see him. A spokeswoman said he had seemed well and made no complaint, 'Mr Ahmed's welfare was always a priority'." Under the 1988 Criminal Justice Act it is illegal for British officials to commission acts of torture anywhere, or even to acquiesce in the face of torture. The crime can be punished by life imprisonment.

    On 19th December 2008, The Guardian reported that "Lawyers representing a man convicted of terrorism offences yesterday are to launch an appeal and embark on a civil action on his behalf alleging that he was tortured by Pakistani intelligence agents before being questioned by officials from the British security service, MI5. In a case that echoes claims made by several British terrorism suspects detained in Pakistan in recent years, Rangzieb Ahmed says that he suffered brutal mistreatment at the hands of the country's notorious Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency shortly before being questioned by two MI5 officers. The jury at Manchester crown court that convicted Ahmed of being a member of al-Qaida and of directing a terrorist organisation was not told that three of the fingernails of his left hand had been removed. Ahmed, 33, from Rochdale, says the nails were removed slowly with a pair of pliers over three consecutive days at a secret ISI prison, and alleged that on the fourth day he was hooded and bound and taken to a place where he was questioned by two MI5 officers."

    On 17th February 2009, the Guardian reported that "a policy governing the interrogation of terrorism suspects in Pakistan that led to British citizens and residents being tortured was devised by MI5 lawyers and figures in government, according to evidence heard in court. A number of British terrorism suspects who have been detained without trial in Pakistan say they were tortured by Pakistani intelligence agents before being questioned by MI5. In some cases their accusations are supported by medical evidence...The Guardian has learned from other sources that the interrogation policy was directed at a high level within Whitehall and that it has been further developed since Mohamed's detention in Pakistan. Evidence of this might emerge from 42 undisclosed US documents seen by the high court and sent to the MPs and peers on the intelligence and security committee (ISC)....Last year Manchester crown court heard that MI5 and Greater Manchester police passed questions to Pakistani interrogators so they could be put to Rangzieb Ahmed, 35, from Rochdale. MI5 officers also interviewed him while he was in custody,..."

    Jailed for life (minimum 10 years)

    Muslim News, 8th September 2007
    The Times, 8th September 2007
    BBC, 18th September 2007

    Guardian, 20th September 2007
    Guardian, 19th December 2008
    Guardian, 17th Feb 2009

    3rd August 2007 Lukimon Sulaimon, 23 Brighton On 3rd August 2007 2007 the London Metro reported that Sulaimon had been charged in connection with the failed 21/7 bombings in London. He is accused of failing to disclose information "which might help in bringing a terrorist to justice in the UK". Not known
    20th July 2007 Two arrests - a man originally from Afghanistan in his 20s and a Somalian in his early 50s Bristol On 20th July 2007 Avon & Somerset Constabulary announced: "“When we found two containers labelled with hydrogen peroxide, we clearly had to take that very seriously, and an intensive operation began to try to establish exactly what we were dealing with...A forensic analysis by a Home Office scientist has concluded that the substance inside the containers is an oil-based liquid, which is not dangerous. Investigations are still taking place to ascertain how those containers came to be at that location and where they had come from. The two people arrested under terrorism legislation...have been released without charge. The Afghan man has been bailed in connection with allegations of possession of class A drugs and theft".

    The Bristol Muslim Cultural Society issued a press release noting, "Obviously this has been a difficult time for the Muslim community in Bristol. BMCS has worked tirelessly in the background with the authorities to ensure that a speedy conclusion is made to the investigation, and that the community is not left in a state of "limbo" as has often been the case in other cities - where it is unknown whether a suspect is to face charges or not for days on end, allowing the media to speculate endlessly. We appreciate the efforts of the Police in this regard. The incident has shown again, that there is still much to do".

    Released Avon & Somerset Constabulary, 20th July 2007
    1st July 2007 Three arrests; later further arrests: Bilal Abdullah, 27; Kafeel Ahmed, 27; Sabeel Ahmed, 26; Muhammad Asha, 26; Marwah Asha, 27. Two further persons detained have not been named. Liverpool & Cheshire On 1st July 2007 the Met Police announced that a 26 year old man had been arrested in connection with the events in London and Scotland on 29 June 2007 and 30 June 2007. Moreover, "two people, a man aged 26 and a woman aged 27" arrested on the M6 in Cheshire were currently in custody at a "central London police station". A further two arrests have also been made, leading to a total of 5. The driver of the burning jeep that rammed into the terminal of Glasgow airport was named as Kafeel Ahmed; the passenger was Bilal Abdullah.

    On 8th July 2007, The Independent reported that Abdullah was a "British-born, Iraqi-trained physician", qualifying in 2004. The Ahmed brothers, Kafeel and Sabeel were from Bangalore. The elder Kafeel Ahmed was admitted in a Paisley hospital with 90% burns [died 2nd August 2007]. He had studied at Belfast and Cambridge. Sabeel was a medical doctor qualifying in India and working in Runcorn. Dr Asha was a "Cambridge-educated Jordanian neurosurgeon", while his wife Marwa was "a laboratory assistant and fellow Palestinian".

    On 8th July 2007, The Independent reported that "Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command SO15 is understood to have uncovered evidence that in the months leading up to the attacks one or more of the suspects communicated by telephone or e-mail with terrorist leaders in Iraq". On 13th July 2007 Marwa was freed - her picture and incriminating allegations having already appeared in the British media.

    The International Herald Tribune on 13th July also reported that "a British official close to the investigation said several ofthe remaining detainees were likely to be released without charges".On 16th July The Guardian reported that "Two trainee doctors, aged 25 and 28, arrested at the Royal Alexandra hospital, Paisley, in the early hours of July 2 were released from Paddington Green police station without charge yesterday afternoon, Scotland Yard said. The police had until yesterday to charge or release them or apply to a magistrate for further time for questioning. They have not been named. It is believed they originated in the Middle East and worked in the medical profession".

    On 20th July 2007 The Guardian reported that Mohammad Jamil Asha was charged with "conspiring to cause explosions".

    On 5th October 2007, BBC reported that Bilal Abdullah, Mohammed Asha and Sabeel Ahmed have been remanded in custody and a plea hearing is due on 18th January 2008. Abdullah and Asha are are accused of conspiracy to cause explosions and Ahmed of withholding information "which could have prevented a terror act".

    On 12th April 2008, the BBC reported that Dr. Sabeel Ahmed had received an e-mail from his brother Kafeel, but he had opened it after the attack had taken place. The prosecutor at the Old Bailey trial noted, "after the attack in Glasgow, he [Sabeel] came into possession of significant information about the attack and those esponsible for it. Thereafter he failed to make the required, or any, disclosure and he had, as his plea of guilty now demonstrates, no reasonable excuse for that failing." The doctor was given an 18-month sentence - but will be freed immediately to be deported to India because of the time served on remand.

    On 20th June 2008, the BBC reported that during a 30 minute hearing, both Iraqi Bilal Abdullah and Jordanian Mohammed Asha pleaded not guilty. Their trial is set to start on October 4 at Woolwich Crown Court.

    On 9th October 2008, the BBC reported on the hearings, noting that Drs Abdulla and Dr Mohammed Asha "deny conspiracy to murder and conspiracy to cause explosions...Prosecutors say Dr Abdulla built the bombs and attacked the targets with Kafeel Ahmed, while Dr Asha played a key role behind the scenes, advising and supporting the plot."

    On 17th November 2008, the BBC reported that both Drs Bilal Abdullah and Asha "deny conspiracies to murder and to cause explosions". However the former "admitted that according to English law he is a terrorist".

    On 22nd November 2008, the Guardian reported neurologist Muhammad Asha told the jury, "I love the country here, I love the way people treat each other here, especially medical training". Asha's barrister, Stephen Kamlish QC, told the Court that the prosecution case against his client was "pure speculation" and there was no evidence pointing to his guilt.

    On 16th December 2008, Dr Asha, was cleared of helping Bilal Abdulla and Kafeel Ahmed.

    On 17th December 2008, Dr Abdulla was sentenced to life. The Guardian reported that "Police say it was the men's increasing anger about the situation in Iraq that was the driving force behind the attacks. Abdulla, the ring leader, told the court he had been shocked by the brutality of Western forces in his homeland. Friends who knew him in Cambridge said he became increasingly militant after one of his closest friends at university in Iraq was killed by a militiaman. In court, Abdulla admitted plotting to set fire to the two cars left in London to give Britain a 'taste of fear' and highlight what he said was devastating impact of the ongoing war in Iraq. But he said the devices were never intended to kill anyone rather create a 'flaming demonstration.'He said he did not know Ahmed was planning a suicide attack when the pair drove the Jeep into the terminal building at Glasgow Airport, claiming he thought he was being dropped off."

    Richard Norton-Taylor and Matthew Taylor, also writing in the Guardian noted that Dr Abdulla had been on "an MI5 watchlist before he launched the campaign...Last night, Whitehall officials said MI5 held 'tracers' on Abdulla that included information which proved helpful to the police once he was identified as one of the bombers. However, the officials insisted there was no evidence available to them at the time which showed he was plotting a terrorist attack. In security and intelligence services language, tracers are fragments of information which may include details of potentially suspicious travel patterns. They do not by themselves indicate evidence of wrongdoing on the part of the people concerned.

    ...McDowall said although the gang were probably inspired by al-Qaida in Iraq, they were self-starters with little or no contact with overseas commanders. "This was a group that was largely self-motivated, came up with the ideas themselves, tutored themselves through the internet. "I don't think they received significant training elsewhere, which is unusual from what we have had." The court heard the pair began planning the attacks in February 2007 and communicated regularly online while Abdulla was working at the Royal Alexandra hospital in Paisley, and Ahmed was living in India. The bombs outside the Tiger Tiger nightclub were packed with nails, but failed to explode, one because of a loose wire in the mobile phone detonator, the other because there was not enough oxygen in the car. The club was packed with more than 500 customers and the jury heard it was "no more than good fortune that nobody died". The day after the failed London attacks, Saturday 30 June, the busiest day of the year at Glasgow airport, Ahmed and Abdulla drove a Jeep packed with gas canisters into the doors of the terminal building. It again failed to explode and both men then got out of the vehicle and threw petrol bombs in an attempt to set their vehicle alight. They were arrested at the scene and Ahmed died of his injuries a month later.

    Kafeel Ahmed died from injuries sustained, 2nd August 2007; Marwa Asha released; rest remain detained Met Police, 1st July 2007
    Independent on Sunday, 8th July 2007
    BBC, 13th July 2007
    Independent, 8th July 2007
    International Herald Tribune, 13th July 2007
    The Guardian, 16th July 2007
    The Guardian, 20th July 2007
    BBC, 5th October 2007
    BBC, 12th April 2008
    BBC, 20th June 2008
    BBC, 9th October 2008
    BBC, 17th November 2008
    The Guardian, 20th November 2008
    BBC, 16th December 2008
    The Guardian, 17th December 2008
    Richard Norton-Taylor, The Guardian, 17th December 2008
    18th June 2007 Zeeshan Siddiqui's tale London On 14th June 2007 the BBC provided details on the man who had absconded from a mental hospital in September 2006. Named as Zeeshan Siddiqui, he had been subject to a control order due to an assoication withg the Fertiliser trial. In the BBC report, "Mr Siddiqui was arrested in Pakistan in May 2005 and questioned for three months, during which time he alleged he was tortured....Later deported to the UK, he worked in customer services for a firm with links to the Euro-Disney resort in Paris. He sought to alter his control order's ban on travel, saying it prevented him attending training at the theme park. Soon after, he was hospitalised suffering hallucinations and flashbacks, saying he had been tortured in Pakistan. The papers also show Mr Siddiqui rejected allegations in intelligence reports that he was involved in extremism and that he was the victim of "untested allegations". In his witness statement he said he had travelled widely in Pakistan over two years as part of a personal spiritual mission to better understand Islam. He said he ended up carrying out humanitarian work in areas of Pakistan close to the Afghan border where people were fleeing fighting. Some 30 pages of his statement have been blacked out by officials on national security grounds. These pages appear to relate to his time in Pakistani detention and a meeting with British officials after the 7 July suicide bombings."

    Not known BBC, 14th June 2007
    17th May 2007 Thomas Lund-Lack London On 17th May 2007 there were several media reports on charges being pressed on one Tom (Thomas) Lund-Lack, a civilian counter-terrorism specialist at Metropolitan Police. The Register for example noted "he is claimed to have passed an intelligence report claiming that Al Qaeda was planning a UK attack on 'a par with Hiroshima and Nagasaki' to the Sunday Times". The Sunday Times did publish an item by Dipesh Gadher with the title 'Al-Qaeda planning big British attack’ on 22nd April 2007, which contained the suggesion that the report was compiled by the Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre (JTAC). Lund-Lack has been charged with breaching the Official Secrets Act.

    Mr Lund-Lack was a speaker at the recent Hindu Security Conference 2007 organised by the Hindu Forum of Britain, the National Hindu Students Forum and the Metropolitan Police, where he was presented as an expert on Islamist Terrorism who would describe the "vital differences between terrorist groups like the Provisional IRA and al-Qaeda". The New Statesman has also documented Lund-Lack's presentation at Imperial College in March 2007, noting that it was "surprisingly detailed presentation, rushing the audience through from the 8th century - the golden age of Islam, with the expansion of the caliphate from Baghdad to Spain - to the present day". It quoted him saying ""We don't see ourselves as an oppressive body of people, but that's how the IRA saw us and that's how Islamist terrorists see us," he said....Iraq is the biggest terrorist recruitment officer there is, and all the tactics learned in Iraq will soon make their way over to this country," Lund-Lack said.

    The question now being raised is why would a career officer in Special Branch approaching retirement (Lund-Luck is 59) jeopardise his career? Interestingly the journalist breaking the Sunday Times story, Dipesh Gadher (formerly with Eastern Eye) has been previously favoured with alarmist tit-bits: writing in the Sunday Times on 30th July 2006, he attempted a hatchet job on Mockbul Ali, noting "leaked documents show that since joining the Foreign Office Ali has argued for Qaradawi to be allowed into Britain". Without seeking to pursue the facts, journalists were able to press British neo-con Michael Gove MP for a hasty comment: "his [Ali's] influence in the Foreign Office gives rise to serious questions”.

    On 4th March 2001, the same journalist Dipesh Gadher published a story with the headline 'MI5 locates Ben Laden's London base'.

    Is there a clique bent on demonising and marginalising Muslims in Britain? Who benefits by exaggerations of the terrorist threat?

    Not known Register,17th May 2007
    BBC,17th May 2007
    Sunday Times, 22nd April 2007
    New Statesman, 9th April 2007
    24th April 2007 Six men - one named: Abu Izzadine London and Luton On 24th April 2007, The Independent reported that "the suspects were arrested in connection with inciting others to commit acts of terrorism overseas and terrorist fund raising. They were held this morning by officers from the Metropolitan Police Counter Terrorism Command and local police at five addresses in London and one in Luton. The men were being held at an unnamed central London police station. Scotland Yard said a number of searches were on-going in connection with the investigation. A spokesman said: "The arrests form part of a long-term pro-active and complex investigation into alleged incitement and radicalisation for the purposes of terrorism, as well as alleged provision of financial support for international terrorism.".

    Not known Independent, 24th April 2007
    (i) 23rd March 2007 (ii) 9th May 2007 (i) Three men - Waheed Ali, 23, Sadeer Saleem, 26, and Mohammed Shakil, 30 (ii) Khalid Khaliq, 34; Hasina Patel, 29; Imran Motiala, 22; Arshad Patel, 30 (i) Manchester airport and Leeds (ii) Two men and a woman were arrested in West Yorkshire while another man was arrested in the West Midlands. Later named as Khalid Khaliq (34), Imran Motala (22), Hasina Patel, Arshad Patel (30). (i) On 23rd March February 2007, The BBC reported that the men were held on "suspicion of the commission, preparation, or instigation of acts of terrorism" - relating to the bombings in London on 7th July 2005 leading to the death of 52 persons. Property searches were undertaken in East London, including a business in Whitechapel.

    On 6th April 2007, The Guardian reported that "they are alleged to have been involved in a reconnaissance mission carried out by the four bombers in London 10 days before they blew themselves up on the transport system. They are also alleged to have conspired with the suicide bombers to plan the July 7 attacks and target London's tourist attractions. The alleged reconnaissance mission or dummy run on June 28 was caught on CCTV cameras".

    (ii) On 9th May 2007 the BBC reported that the four further arrests wre related to the Police's 7/7 investigations:"Officers are searching addresses in Dewsbury, Beeston". The BBC also stated that the woman arrested is the widow of Muhammad Siddique Khan. She was later named as Hasina Patel

    On 10th May, a South African news site reported that, "Patel is the granddaughter of anti-apartheid activist Ismail Patel of Germiston on the East Rand. Ismail Patel died in 1973 after being under house arrest for 10 years. Hasina's mother, Farida, who was also born in South Africa, was described as a pillar of her community, who had been invited to Buckingham Palace for tea in recognition of her work as a teacher".

    On 16th May 2007, the BBC reported that "three people, including the widow of 7 July bomber Mohammad Sidique Khan, have been released without charge after being questioned over the 2005 attacks. Hasina Patel, 29, brother Arshad Patel, 30, and Imran Motala, 22, were held on 9 May in West Yorkshire and Birmingham...Police have been granted a warrant to continue to detain Khalid Khaliq, 34, of Beeston, Leeds, until next Monday [21st May 2007]. Hasina's solictor Imran Khan noted that said he was "relieved" at her release, but remained "shocked" at the police's handling of her arrest. The BBC reported noted, "he told the BBC the police had been for some time in possession of evidence that 'unequivocally' proved she had known nothing about what her husband was planning two years ago. He added: 'To arrest her in these circumstances - a woman who lost her husband, who has been accused of the most atrocious events that have taken place in this country, has now spent seven days in isolation in Paddington Green - I wonder what she must be feeling. 'She's quite clearly innocent of anything, because she's been released by police having trawled through her life and possessions and caused her a tremendous amount of grief. Those in her community are incredibly angry at the way the police have approached this'."

    On 19th May, The Guardian, commenting on the release of Imran Motiala reported that he was a person who "likes a drink" and when detectives from Scotland Yard's counter-terrorism command came to arrest him, shortly after dawn, they found him in his girlfriend's room at a University of Birmingham halls of residence. Motiala is reported as saying "but the police told me they thought my western lifestyle was just a cover...once I was at Paddington Green police station, they said: 'It's all there in the training manual for jihad'....Mr Motala insists that his only real crime is that Sidique Khan married into his family. The police and the security service see matters very differently. At Paddington Green in west London it was repeatedly put to him that he not only aided the bombers but that he was destined to have been one himself".

    On 21st May 2007, The Guardian reported that Khalid Khaliq was "accused of possessing a document or record, namely the al-Qaida training manual, containing information of a kind likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism".

    The Guardian also noted that Mohammed Shakil, Sadeer Saleem, and Waheed Ali are alleged to have been involved in a reconnaissance mission carried out 10 days before the attacks. On 12th March 2008, The Guardian provided further details of the charges against Khalid Khaliq and his trial:"A friend of two of the 7/7 London bombers was jailed yesterday for possession of an al-Qaida training manual, although a court heard that the CD containing it had never been played on his computer...He admitted owning the CD when he came forward as a friend of the suicide bombers during a police hunt for possible back-up teams after 52 people were murdered on tube trains and a bus in 2005...Khaliq, 34, was not arrested until May last year, when police raided his home again and removed two books, The Absent Obligation, about expelling non-Muslims from the Arabian peninsula, and Zaad-e-Mujahid (Essential Provision of the Strugglers). Judge James Stewart QC yesterday ordered Khaliq to be found not guilty of the charge of possessing The Absent Obligation, and ordered the charge of possessing Zaad-e-Mujahid to be laid on file....The court heard that the manual had been downloaded from a website which hosted it as part of a transcript from an anti-terrorism trial in the United States. The CD included a declaration of jihad, an interview with Osama bin Laden and detailed information for active terrorists, including weapons systems and how to deal with police questioning. It was found in what prosecutor David Farrell QC called a library of extremist, but not illegal, material at Khaliq's home. Khaliq told police in a statement that he did not support al-Qaida and was 'shocked by the actions of the 7/7 bombers', who must have been radicalised outside the Muslim community of Beeston."

    Hasina Patel, Arshad Patel and Imran Motala released. On 12th March 2008, Khalid Khaliq given a 16-month custodial sentence. BBC, 23rd March 2007 and
    The Guardian, 6th April 2007
    BBC, 9th May 2007 and
    SA News 24, 10th May 2007
    BBC, 16th May 2007

    BBC, 19th May 2007

    BBC, 21st May 2007
    Guardian, 12th March 2008
    13th Feb 2007 Four men, all in twenties - later named as Shahajan Janjua, Reza Afsharzadagen, Mohammed Ezzoueck and Hamza Chentouf Somali-Kenyan border & RAF Brize Norton On 13th February 2007, The BBC reported that "Four Britons arrested in Kenya after crossing the border from war-torn Somalia have been held under terrorism laws on their return home. Officers are questioning the men, all in their 20s and from London. A police spokesman said the men had been detained under the Terrorism Act 2000 to allow them to investigate their arrest by the Kenyan authorities. Somalian authorities alleged the men - among several foreigners detained - may have had links to al-Qaeda." The report added that the men were arrested after having been flown back to RAF Brize Norton.

    On 1st March 2007, Victoria Brittain provided a poignant account of the traumas experienced by one of the men, Shahajan Janjua: "On Christmas Day, Janjua was in Mogadishu for the wedding of a childhood friend to a Somali woman. He was the only guest from London. Janjua, a young man who had put a troubled inner-city past behind him, planned to leave the country on December 31, stopping over in Dubai to see friends before returning to London to celebrate his 22nd birthday in January. But he fainted at the wedding on Christmas Day, and was admitted to hospital with malaria. Mogadishu was under bombardment, and his passport was stolen. Within days he was taken from the hospital, still linked to his drip, and put in a van with cans of tuna, a gravely wounded Zimbabwean on a stretcher, another wounded Somali, and foreign fighters. It was a grim two-day trip to the southern port city of Kismayo, where the Islamic Courts were still in control and the streets seethed with men carrying AK-47s. When Janjua was offered the chance to head for the Kenyan border, he leapt at it, desperate as he was to find a British consulate. Still weak from malaria, he was put in one of two crowded vans along with the two wounded men. The border was closed and they split into three groups to walk. As an argument broke out about carrying the stretcher case, the Zimbabwean took a direct hit from Ethiopian troops. Janjua saw a Tunisian and Swede dead, too. Everyone ran. Janjua's group of 13 then began a two-week walk with no food and only muddy water to drink. After two days, during which time he heard them speak nothing but Arabic, he discovered that three were British. They were arrested by the Kenyan military after villagers turned them in. Janjua was smashed in the face with a rifle and his nose fractured. In police cells in Nairobi those in authority assaulted and interrogated him. Next he was taken to expensive hotels and quizzed by six different British MI5 officials. They showed him pictures of British men he mostly did not recognise, and asked him repeatedly: "Who sent you? Who funded you? Who are your friends? Which mosque did you go to?"

    His lucky break came when he persuaded a Kenyan policewoman to lend him her phone and alerted lawyers in London. Kenyan lawyers then tried to visit the prison, but were not allowed in. MI5 had ample time to confirm his account of his visit to Somalia, but on February 2, police in London were telling his family that he had been caught on the Kenyan/Somali border with guns. Janjua and three other British men were flown back to Somalia and held for three days in an underground desert cell. Then he was flown back to Kenya, and on to London, where he was questioned by police, but not charged. It should all be over, but he has nightmares and headaches, and is haunted by the men he left in Kenyan or Somali jails. He, and they, are yet more casualties in a mindless, misbegotten "war on terror" which the US and Britain cannot win militarily".

    All were questioned on arrival in the UK and released without charge BBC, 13th Feb 2007 and
    Victoria Brittain in The Guardian, 1st March 2007
    Sordid saga of media leaks
    ...starts on 31st January 2007, updated 27th April - the sting; updated 30th January 2008

    Eight men, not named; subsequently one further arrest. Later described as: Amjad Mahmood, 29, father of two; Azzar Iqbal, 38, father of two; an unemployed father of four; a man believed to be in his 20s; a comprehensive school teacher, 29; a bookseller, 29 and three others - persons later named included Parvez Khan, Bassiru Gasama and Zahoor Iqbal. Birmingham On 31st January 2007, the BBC reported that the arrests were made "after a 'significant' operation involving police and security service MI5". The report added, "a number of addresses in the city have been sealed off after morning raids. Security sources have told the BBC the alleged plot would not have involved mass casualties but marked 'a different approach to terrorism in the UK'. The six-month operation involved the Midlands counter terrorism unit, West Midlands Police and the Met Police. At least four addresses in Birmingham were targeted as part of the 0400 GMT raids. Two residential houses and a general store in the Alum Rock area were raided as well as a book store in the Sparkhill area." The story featured in the front pages of all the broadsheets and tabloids.

    On 2nd February, The First Post stated "Seldom, if ever, in the annals of British journalism has the word 'alleged' been used so often and so insincerely as in the case of the nine people in Birmingham arrested over an 'alleged' plot to kidnap and behead a British Muslim serviceman. On each occasion in the recent past when suspects have been held in connection with 'terror' plots, the boundaries of what it is acceptable to publish have been pushed back further. Now the dam has burst. We have had not only the specifics of what the police and security forces believe they have foiled, but also a gruesome back story in the shape of two-year-old photos of Ken Bigley, the Liverpudlian who was dragged manacled before a video camera and beheaded for a worldwide web audience".

    On 3rd February, Ian Cobain and other Guardian reporters stated that "Whitehall officials briefed journalists early on Wednesday before all of the suspects had been found, with the result that lurid details of the alleged plot were broadcast while one suspect remained at large. At least one tabloid newspaper had even been tipped off the night before the dawn raids, and its reporters put on standby to race to Birmingham. Police sources in the West Midlands said yesterday they suspected the anonymous briefings may have been intended to deflect attention from the prisons crisis and the cash for honours inquiry, while counter-terrorism officials in London told the Guardian there was concern that the speculation generated is interfering with the investigation by the newly formed Midlands Counter-Terrorism Unit. One counter-terrorism official warned yesterday that 'an awful lot of inaccuracies' had begun to appear in the media, to the alarm of West Midlands police. 'As a result of some of the speculation, police feel they have been hampered in their evidence gathering,'he said. Some of the more sensational claims about the plot - such as reports yesterday that two young British Muslim soldiers had agreed to act as 'live bait' in an attempt to trap the suspects - were dismissed by counter-terrorism officials as being completely untrue. Claims that police uncovered a list of 25 intended victims were also dismissed.

    Ian Cobain and his team added, "Paul Snape, vice chair of West Midlands Police Federation, which represents rank-and-file officers, said: 'The police force is asking the question, where did it all come from? There may be political reasons for it, such as what was going on at the Home Office and at Downing Street.' ....Les Jones, a Conservative member of the West Midlands police authority, said: "We have far too much political interference in operational policing." He expressed concern that supposed details of the alleged plot were being broadcast at a time when one suspect was still at large, and warned that they could have a damaging impact on community relations".

    Other media reports (The Independent on Sunday, 4th Feb) suggest other political overtones: an authoritarian state's determination - after an earlier defeat in the Commons - to extend the time police are allowed to question suspects from the current 28 days.

    On 7th February, The Guardian reported that two of the nine men arrested had been released:"The men were held in connection with what police sources said was an alleged plot to abduct and behead a British Muslim soldier. However, in a statement after the two men had been released from Chace Avenue police station in Coventry, their solicitor Gareth Pierce said nothing of this sort had been mentioned to them". Quoting Gareth Pierce,"They have left the police station without any better understanding of why they were there than when they first arrived seven days ago. Not a word was ever mentioned to either of them about a plot to kidnap, or the grisly suggestion of a beheading, or even of a soldier at all. Both have been met with a consistent refusal over seven days for any explanation for their arrest. They are convinced that others in the police station must be as innocent as they, and urge that they also be swiftly released." One further man, Abu Bakr, an employee of Almaktaba book shop has also been released.

    On 9th February, The Guardian reported that five men were charged "under the Terrorism Act 2006 and the Terrorism Act 2000". The BBC reported that "a man has been charged with plotting to kidnap and kill a UK soldier" - Parviz Khan, 36, is accused of devising the plot between 1 November last year and his arrest on 31 January.

    On 25th April 2007, The Guardian reported a comment from the Met Police's Deputy Assistant Chief Constable Peter Clarke that unauthorised leaks about counter-terrorism investigations were putting lives at risk and "beneath contempt". He said that it was being done by those trying to "squeeze out some short-term presentational advantage". DAC Clarke added "West Midlands police were furious after details of the operation were leaked after the men were arrested. On the morning of the arrests, almost before the detainees had arrived at the police stations to which they were being taken for questioning, it was clear that key details of the investigation and the evidence had been leaked. This damaged the interview strategy of the investigators, and undoubtedly raised community tensions."

    In Parliament the Prime Minister was challenged but he rejected calls for a full-scale inquiry to investigate whether ministers or special advisers had leaked sensitive anti-terrorism information to the press. The Muslim community bears the brunt when leaks provide the basis for sensationalist and alarmist media reporting - the Met Police's conduct in the wake of the Forest Gate raid in June 2006 - remains a case to point as documented by the Newham Monitoring Project.

    While the public attention was diverted to the leaks, a more significant aspect appears to have been buried away: " A senior Whitehall official told reporters from two tabloids that a number of Muslim soldiers had agreed to act as bait in an attempt to trap the plotters. The Guardian has been told by a well-placed source that this information - which later proved to be inaccurate - came from one of Mr Reid's officials".

    On 30th January 2008 The Guardian reported that Parvez Khan had pleaded guilty to the beheading plot: "he decided to kidnap a soldier on a night out, with the help of drug dealers from Birmingham".

    Not for the first time - the the Pagad experience in South Africa is a case to point - the disastrous consequences for communities are apparent when militant groups become criminalised. MI5 have MI5 have released transcripts Parvez Khan's conversations with the Gambian Basiru Gassama referring to drug dealers and the plot to entrap a Muslim soldier "then the next time you'll take him Broad Street, wine and dine and girl and things..."

    The Guardian reported that "Gassama had previously pleaded guilty to failing to inform the authorities of the plot but did not take active steps beyond giving the impression that he wanted to help". Parvez Khan had been under surveillance and phone interception for some time: "In December 2006, Khan was at Manchester airport with relatives, including his mother in a wheelchair, en route to Pakistan. He was under surveillance. As he checked in, investigators were examining his luggage, photographing it and repacking it. Khan was bugged telling Iqbal about a sophisticated video camera for the terrorists to make propaganda films and "wills" for broadcast on television".

    Amjad Mahmood, also charged, denies any knowledge of the plot and Zahoor Iqbal denies possessing "a document or record likely to be useful to a person committingan act of terrorism". On 12th February 2008, the BBC reported that Amjad Mahmood had been released on conditional bail. Also connected with his arrest was one Shella Roma. The couple were arrested on 3 February at their home in Chester Road by counter-terrorist police. They face a joint charge under Section 2 of the Terrorism Act 2006. They will appear again at the court on 8 April.

    On 15th February, the Guardian reported that Zahoor Iqbal has pleaded guilty of supplying equipment for terrorist acts and supplying money or property for use in terrorism.

    A profile of Parvez Khan, published in The Guardian on 18th February 2008 after his sentencing for life, noted, "despite his willingness to wage war against the British state, Khan was perfectly happy to receive more than £160-a-week from the government as an allowance for caring for his elderly and infirm mother...Khan was a man who in his 20s liked to drink, smoke and go clubbing...He became more anti-west, blaming Britain for the Israel-Palestine issue, Kashmir, civilians dying in Iraq and Afghanistan."

    Three released; reporting restrictions on trial lifted on 29th January 2008. On 18th February 2008, Parvez Khan was jailed for life. Amjad Mahmood was cleared.Parvez Khan had pleaded guilty "to plotting to kill a British soldier between April 2006 and February 2007 and supplying equipment to terrorists on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border"; Mohammed Irfan and Hamid Elasmar have pleaded guilty to helping Khan supply the equipment. Basiru Gassama has admitted failing to inform the authorities of the plot. BBC, 31st January 2007

    First Post, 2nd Feb 2007 and

    The Guardian, 3rd Feb 2007

    The Guardian, 7th Feb

    The Guardian, 9th Feb and

    BBC and

    The Guardian, 25th April 2007 and

    The Guardian, 26th April 2007 and

    The Guardian, 30th April 2007

    BBC, 12th Feb 2008

    The Guardian, 15th Feb 2008

    The Guardian, 18th Feb 2008

    MI5 transcript, The Guardian, 18th Feb 2008

    Parvez Khan profile, The Guardian, 18th Feb 2008

    23rd January 2007 Three men, ages 24 (two) and 32 Manchester On 23rd January 2007, The Guardian reported that Greater Manchester police had raided four addresses leading to the arrests in Cheetham Hill and Longsight, "all were held under anti-terrorism laws " and that the operation was "not linked to the arrests in West Yorkshire". The operation was "in connection with an investigation concerning suspected terrorist support and facilitation". The addresses were searched using warrants obtained under the Terrorism Act". On 31st January, The Guardian reported that the arrests were "part of an investigation into the disappearance of a man being monitored under a control order".

    On 2nd February 2007, The Daily Telegraph reported the release of one of the arrestees:"A 32-year-old man arrested last week in Longsight has been released without charge. The raids followed an investigation into how a 26-year-old man, believed to be of Pakistani origin, managed to escape police at a mosque in Manchester after reportedly claiming he wanted to undertake terror training in Afghanistan".

    Unknown The Guardian, 23rd January 2007
    The Guardian, 31st January 2007
    Daily Telegraph, 2nd Feb 2007
    23rd January 2007 Two men, ages 25 and 29; named on 31st Jan as Bilal Mohamed and Rizwan Ditta Halifax On 23rd January 2007, BBC reported that two men "thought to be British Pakistanis" were being held "on suspicion of involvement in facilitating terrorist activities overseas" under the Terrorism Act 2000. The report added, " "They were arrested by officers from the MPS Counter Terrorism Command supported by officers from West Yorkshire Police. As part of the same operation, officers from the Counter Terrorism Command today began searching a flat in north London. This search continues." On 31st January, The Guardian reported that "the pair were remanded in custody yesterday to appear before London's City of Westminster magistrates court on February 6 by video link. Mr Ditta faces 13 charges under the Terrorism Act, while Mr Mohammed is accused of two. The charges relate to alleged possession of extremist material, said to include an al-Qaida training film and a computer file called Hamas Bomb".

    Unknown BBC, 23rd January 2007
    Guardian, 31st January 2007
    29th December 2006 Aisha Pritchard and her husband, Sadi Elhaloul Cardiff Airport On 29th December, The Independent reported that Aisha and her Palestinian husband "were trying to board their flight from Cardiff International Airport to Dubai on 14 December. The couple claim officers from South Wales Police questioned them for around 20 minutes and then decided to remove their luggage and search it. They agreed, but say that when they were released they were told their plane had departed and, as their tickets with the KLM airline were not transferable, they would have to pay £1,500 to take the next flight. Ms Pritchard said they had passed through securitywithout issue and were only stopped as they neared the boarding gate. They have received no apology and Ms Pritchard said she believed her husband's nationality and race were the sole reason they were held. South Wales Police would only confirm the couple were detained under the Terrorism Act 2000".

    Released The Independent, 29th December 2006
    8th December 2006 (tbc) X (anonymised on request) North London Writing in The Guardian on 30th January 2007, Madeleine Bunting provides further details on X's arrest in early December: "Arrested on suspicion of terrorism activities, he was not allowed even to say goodbye to his wife and three-year-old son. Taken from his home in Edmonton, north London, to Paddington Green high security police station, he was strip-searched and questioned for seven days on every aspect of his life: the state of his marriage, what kind of food he ate, what sports he played, the meaning of text messages on his phone, his use of the internet and his beliefs....The most trivial of details in his life became the basis for suspicion. The police interrogating him wanted to know who had texted him, "We're back, get ready for massacre"; the answer was a playful brother angry over a lost business contract. They wanted to know why there was a business card from an explosive sniffer dog company in his office (he shares it with his younger brother, who runs an events and security company). They wanted to know why a few telephone numbers on X's mobile were also on the phones of terror suspects picked up in connection with August's alleged airline bombing plot; one was for a charity called the .....

    ....After several days of questioning, it became clear why X had been arrested. He was shown a book entitled IED (improvised explosive devices). It was an American manual and he dimly remembered seeing it before. "It was about 1995," he says. "I was 17 or 18. I met a man at a mosque in Clapton, east London; he was involved in a Bosnian humanitarian organisation, and over about six months I saw him a few times. On one occasion, he took me to the flat of a friend of his and that's where I saw the book. I picked it up, skimmed through it and put it down. That was all. The police said they had found the book in a box in an attic and they found six fingerprints of mine on the book." X's fingerprints were already on the police database from an earlier, unrelated incident and the police were swiftly able to establish a match.

    Released after 5 days detention without charge (anecdotal info) 30th Jan 2007
    28th November 2006 Amjad Sarwar High Wycombe In the media frenzy following the airline plot, a number of newspapers had falsely and erroneously incriminated Amjad Sarwar. He sued for libel, and on 28th November, won his case with significant compensation awarded to him. His solicitor, Adam Tudor of Carter Ruck, stated that Mr Sarwar "has never been arrested, nor questioned, nor detained by the police on suspicion of involvement in the 'liquid bombs' plot or for that matter any other alleged terrorist plots or activities and there are no grounds for suspecting any such involvement". The Guardian, the Observer, the News of the World, the Mirror, the Daily Mail, the Mail on Sunday, the Evening Standard, the Independent, the Times, the Daily Express and the Daily Star have now published their apologies.

    Newspapers provide financial compensation and apology The Guardian, 28th November and The Times, 28th November
    2nd November 2006 Sohail Anjum Qureshi, 29 Heathrow On 2nd November The Sun reported that the arrest took place when Qureshi, from Forest Gate in East London, was about to fly to Pakistan. He appeared at City of Westminster Magistrates Court to face three allegations under the anti-terrorism laws: preparing to take combat manuals and the 'Mujahideen Poison Book'; possessing a list of articles for a purpose connected with a possible terror act; possession of an external hard-drive "containing the combat manuals and the poison book".On 8th January 2008, Qureshi was found guilty of planning to fly to Islamabad for a "two- to three-week operation" either in Pakistan, Afghanistan or Waziristan. The public prosecutor declared that "Sohail Qureshi is a dedicated supporter of Islamist extremism". This is the first conviction under Section 5 of the 2006 Terrorism Act - for 'preparing for terrorism'.

    Awaiting sentencing The Sun, 2nd November 2006 The Guardian, 8th Jan 2008
    30th October 2006 Woman, 22; later named as Samina Malik West London On Friday 27th October 2006 information has been obtained that a woman has been held on anti-terrorism charges in the Southall area.

    On 11th October 2007, The Times, reporting on Malik's trial at the Old Bailey, noted, "Ms Malik, who is British born, was arrested in October last year after an e-mail that she had sent was found on another person's computer. When her bedroom was searched police found a ringbinder full of documents that included poems and a list of weapons, Mr Sharp [public prosecutor] said. He added that Ms Malik had joined an extremist organisation called Jihad Way, which was set up explicitly to disseminate terrorist propaganda and support for al-Qaeda. Ms Malik denies possessing articles for terrorist purposes and possessing records for terrorist purposes".

    On 8th November 2007, Malik was found guilty by a majority verdict (10 to 1). Reporting on the trial, The Guardian noted, " When her bedroom was searched police found a ringbinder full of documents as well as a bracelet bearing the word 'jihad'. There was also a sticker on a mirror inside the door, bearing the words 'lyrical terrorist'....On the social networking site Hi5 she listed her interests as: 'Helping the mujaheddin in any way which I can ... I am well known as lyrical terrorist.'... In one handwritten document found by police, she wrote: 'I want to have the death of a shaheed [martyr] ... I want the opportunity to take part in the blessed sacred duty of jihad.' Also found were publications from an Islamist extremist group called Followers of Ahl us-Sunnah Wal-Jammaa'ah, linked to another group, The Saved Sect, and to the extremist cleric Sheikh Omar Bakri. In a box file in the family lounge was a printed version of the 'declaration of war' by Osama bin Laden."

    The Guardian added, "Jonathan Sharp, prosecuting, said she was an 'unlikely' but 'committed' Islamic extremist: 'She had a library of material that she had collected for terrorist purposes. That collection would be extremely useful for someone planning terrorist activity.' But Malik, of Townsend Road, Southall, west London, told the jury: 'I am not a terrorist.' She claimed to have used the nickname 'lyrical terrorist' because she thought it was 'cool'.

    Samina Malik's case has raised disquiet within the community because of the encroachment into the rights of freedom of thought and self-expression, particularly in the privacy of their homes. Moreover the state authorities are now increasingly taking on the right to interpret people's intentions. The shutting down of debate and taking away the right of young people particularly to speak their mind - however repellent this may sound - will just serve to drive them underground and even more alienated from society.

    Found guilty of "possessing records likely to be used for terrorism". Given 9 month suspended jail sentence on 6th December 2007, though an appeal is expected. On 17th June 2008, the BBC reported that the appeal had been successful:"The Court of Appeal has now quashed the conviction after prosecution lawyers conceded it was unsafe. Appeal judges said the jury may have been confused by some trial documents" Giving judgement, Lord Phillips said that the Court of Appeal had studied Section 58 of the Terrorism Act in detail and had concluded that an offence would be committed under the act only if a document was of a kind likely to provide practical assistance to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism. Propagandist or theological material did not fall within Section 58. The Department of Public Prosecutions insisted that it had been right to press charges in the first instance, because of other documents found in Malik' possession: "...including the al-Qaeda Manual, the Terrorist's Handbook, the Mujahideen Poisons Handbook and several military manuals". However at her trial she was found not guilty of a more serious charge, under Section 57 of the Terrorism Act, of possessing an article for a terrorist purpose. She denied the charge. The Times, 11th October 2007

    The Times, 9th November 2007

    BBC, 6th December 2007

    BBC, 17th June 2008

    17th October 2006 Kamran Tariq, 20 Canary Wharf 'This is London' on 17th October reported that "Kamran Tariq was wandering amongst other tourists who were snapping the dock-lands hoping to gain inspiration for an art project when he was arrested by a troop of nine officers. The Grenwich University student was bundled into a police car and taken to a station where he said he was subjected to a grueling strip-search and questioned for six hours. The twenty-year-old was also fingerprinted and required to provide a DNA sample. {He noted] 'I was utterly gob-smacked. I was an architecture student who was working hard to be like those people who constructed the buildings around us, yet I was being treated like someone who would destroy such fine work'.

    The student was then arrested on suspicion of planning terrorist activity and taken to Limehouse Police Station in London where he was strip-searched and questioned. He was eventually being released without charge at half past seven-six hours after first being questioned by security staff".

    26th September 2006 Mehreen Haji, 25 North Manchester On Monday 26th September the BBC reported that following a raid by anti-terror police in Radcliffe, Bury, on 19 September, Mehreen Haji was due to appear at the City of Westminster Magistrates' Court in central London: "she is accused of 'making available' a total of £3,996 to 26-year-old Habib Ahmed on 11 and 12 May this year. Mr Ahmed, also from Cheetham Hill, has been charged with collecting or making a record of potential terrorist targets".

    On 3rd October the BBC reported that Mrs Haji was bailed to reappear before the court on 2 November:" Bail was granted on condition the mother-of-two live and sleep at her father's house, in Cheetham Hill, and abide by a curfew between 0600 and 1800 BST". She would also be electronically monitored.

    Unknown and
    9th September 2006 Bouchra El-Hor, 23 West London On Thursday 7th September the BBC reported that "a woman has been charged with failing to disclose information in relation to terrorist acts. Bouchra El-Hor, 23, is due to appear before City of Westminster Magistrates' Court. She is currently in custody ahead of her appearance. The charge is under the Terrorism Act 2000. No further details of the allegations have been released. Ms El-Hor was arrested after presenting herself at a police station in west London, the Press Association reported".

    On 31st May 2007, The Guardian provided further details of the trial of Bouchra and her husband Yassin Nassari. The charges against Bouchra stem from the discovery of a letter to her husband, discovered by police at Luton airport when the couple's luggage was searched as they returned to Britain from the Netherlands. In it she allegedly exhorts him to fulfill a religious obligation to fight non-believers. Nassari is accused of having documents and data on terrorism. The couple, from Ealing, west London, deny the charges. Subsequent trial reports described Bouchra as being 'Dutch-born'.

    On 18th July 2007 The Guardian reported that "the couple and their five-month-old baby were stopped at the airport [Luton] in May last year as they returned from trips to Syria and Holland. Nassari's hard drive was found and was later discovered to contain plans for building a missile similar to those used by Hamas in the Middle East, the Old Bailey was told. Nassari denied knowledge of the material, saying he had lent his computer to another man....Aftab Jafferjee, prosecuting, said Nassari had studied at Westminster University, where the welfare officer had described him as 'wearing western clothes and enjoying a drink'. After a break from his studies he reappeared sporting long robes and headgear, referring to himself as emir of the student's Islamic society. Lawrence McNulty, defending, said the missile information came off the internet and a lot more skill, material and equipment would have been needed to make it work".

    Abdul Raheem Green, in a contribution to, provided further background to the trial:"According to his brother Yassin was arrested at the end of April at four in the morning by twenty five plain clothes police officers who searched the house for two days and took only books and material that might support their case ignoring anything that was against terrorism. It seems that although the authorities may know that Yassin is not a terrorist or supporter of terrorism, they are sure that while in Syria he went to fight in Iraq, but they can't prove that, so it seems they are prepared to indict him for something else which they can make a case out of....The reason I was in court is because the prosecution claim that Yassin had organized 'radical' events while he was the Amir of the Westminster Islamic Society and that one such event was the one I attended along with Yvonne Ridley and Khalid Yassin. The title was Weapons of Media Deception, a clever play on the whole WMD fiasco that was playing out at the time, and my lecture was on 'the Just War' where I made a comparison between the Just War theory in Christianity and the teachings of jihad in the Quran...This is what I testified to in court, briefly for about fifteen minutes".

    Bouchra was cleared of "failing to disclose information on terror". Her husband Yassin Nassari was sentenced to three and half years - Judge Gerald Gordon said there was no evidence to show the material found on his computer would be used for terror, but it was an offence to possess the material and "the sooner that is understood the better". The jury cleared him of the more serious offence of having "articles for terror". and

    The Guardian, 31st May 2007

    Cage Prisoners, 16th July 2007 The Guardian, 18th July 2007

    2nd September 2006 14 arrests Halal Chinese restaurant 'The Bridge to China Town' in Borough, South London and homes in South London. On 2nd September 2006 the BBC reported that the raids had come after "months of surveillance into those suspected of recruiting or encouraging others to take part in terrorist activities.... The restaurant was full of people, including children, when around 40 police officers wearing riot gear raided it shortly after 2200 BST on Friday. Diners were told they were being questioned under the Terrorism Act. Each was asked to give their name and address, after which those arrested were taken away in handcuffs. Police said the men were arrested under the Terrorism Act 2000 on suspicion of the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism".

    Among those arrested from homes include one Abu Abdullah of the 'Supporters of Sharia' cult.

    On 12th September, the BBC reported that four men were due to face charges: Yassin Mutegombwa, 22, for receiving training in the use of weapons and his brother Hassan, 20, Musa Akmet, 47, and Mustafa Abdullah, 24.

    On 15th September the BBC reported that charges had been brought against Mohamed Hamid, 48, and Kibley Da Costa, 23. The former is accused of "soliciting or encouraging people to murder and encouraging members of the public to commit, prepare or instigate acts of terrorism....providing instruction or training in the making or use of firearms contrary to Section 54(1) of the Terrorism Act 2000". The latter is accused of "providing instruction or training in the use of any method or technique he knew would be used in the commission or preparation of acts of terrorism".

    On 16th September The Ealing Times reported that "Yassin Mutegombwa, 22, is charged with three counts of receiving terrorism training. He is alleged to have attended a camp near Matley Wood Caravan and Camping site in Lyndhurst, Hampshire, at two different times earlier this year. He is also accused of receiving training at a camp near Pondwood Farm, White Waltham, Berkshire, in June. His brother Hassan Mutegombwa, 20, is charged with one count of providing funds for terrorism".

    On 10th October 2007, the Daily Mail reported that Hamid - arrested at a stall in Oxford Street - told the Police that his name was 'Osama bin London' and "on the way to the police station he said to a police officer 'I've got a bomb and I'm going to blow you all up'"!Reporting on a trial at the Old Bailey, the BBC stated that Ahmet had admitted to three charges of encouraging others to commit murder, and that those with connections to Ahmet "went on trial for a number of terror offences, which all five defendants deny". The Daily Mail referred to Ahmet as someone "said to be a key aide of radical London cleric Abu Hamza". Curiously, the authorities of Jameah Islamiyah school in Crowborough, East Sussex had sought Police guidance on whether Abu Hamza should be allowed on their premises and were told there was no reason to bar him!

    On 5th December 2007, the BBC reported that "The BBC paid for Mr Hamid and fellow defendants Muhammad al-Figari and Mousa Brown to go on a paintballing trip at the Delta Force centre in Tonbridge, Kent, in February 2005. The men, accused of terrorism training, were filmed for a BBC programme called 'Don’t Panic, I’m Islamic', screened in June 2005....Phil Rees, who produced the show, told the court that he was impressed by Mr Hamid’s sense of humour while looking for someone to appear in the documentary. He said: 'I think he had a comic touch and he represented a strand within British Muslims. I took it as more like a rather Steptoe and Son figure rather than seriously persuasive. I saw him as a kind of Cockney comic'." The prosecution's case is that Hamid managed a two-year radicalisation programme "to prepare London-based Muslim youths for jihad".

    On 26th February 2008, the Guardian provided further details after reporting restrictions on the trial had been lifted: Hamid - the self-styled 'Osama bin London' - was descibed as a "reformed crack addict" and the pivotal figure responsible for "turning young Muslims into jihad extremists". The fantasist/useful idiot has now been convicted:"The jury heard no evidence of weapons or explosives. Instead the prosecution relied on MI5 surveillance tapes and recordings made by an undercover police officer who penetrated the London-based jihadist group." From September 2005 the security services were able to gain "some electronic coverage of what was happening in Hamid's premises".

    According to Guardian reportage "The court heard that the men had worked on leopard-crawling along the ground, anti-ambush drills, forward rolls, casualty evacuation and gun drills using sticks instead of rifles....Police and security services mounted a surveillance operation including a motion-sensitive camera hidden in a tree overlooking a clearing in the New Forest. Some of the footage showed Hamid's followers toppling into a stream."

    Details were also provided on the halal restaurant raid: it was a favourite place for the group, which had used a private dining room "four weeks in a row".

    Atilla Ahmet, described as an associate of another useful idiot/unwitting informant - Abu Hamza - had pleaded guilty at the begining of the trial to three counts of soliciting murder. The jury acquitted Mousa Brown. On 27th February 2008, the BBC reported how Mousa had been sought by the MI5 as an informant - he had ended up in the dock, he said, because of his Muslim beard and the leisure activities he enjoyed:"This is because of legislation which says that I'm a terrorist because I went paintballing and look the way I look. It was blatantly obvious to the police that I was innocent. They knew [from the beginning]. They knew after I was charged. They said to me that they knew that I'm not a terrorist and 'we can help you'. They wanted me to become an informant in the community. I will never forget that."

    On 7th March 2008, sentences were passed on Muhammad Hamid and Atilla Ahmet. The judge noted, "Ahmet had very little knowledge of the Qu'ran....He had a love of publicity that would be 'laughable' if the views he expressed were not so unpleasant."

    Mousa Brown acquited on 26th Feb 2008.
    On 7th March 2008, Muhammad Hamid sentenced - "jailed indefinitely, with a minimum term of seven and a half years". Atilla Ahmet was jailed for six years and 11 months after admitting three counts of soliciting murder.
    BBC, 2nd September 2006 and
    Guardian, 4th September

    BBC, 12th September and

    BBC, 15th September

    Ealing Times, 18th September

    Daily Mail, 10th Oct 2007

    The Guardian, 26th Feb 2008

    BBC, 10th Oct 2007

    BBC, 5th Dec 2007

    BBC, 28th Feb 2008

    Guardian, 7th March 2008

    2nd September 2006 2 arrests Manchester On 2nd September the BBC reported that a spokesman for Greater Manchester Police said these arrests were not linked to the London raids the same day not known BBC, 2nd September 2006
    2nd September 2006 none East Sussex school search On 4th September the Telegraph reported that a Muslim school in the Sussex countryside with 54 acres of grounds - Jameah Islamiyah at Mark Cross - was being searched by more than 100 police officers. no arrests. On 1th February 2007, The Guardian reported, "The founder of an Islamic school shut down yesterday by the government has claimed he is a victim of demonisation of the Muslim community in the media. Bilal Patel told the Guardian that unsubstantiated claims that Jameah Islameah had links with notorious extremists such as Abu Hamza so debilitated the institution that it struggled to attract staff and pupils. The school was also the subject of a high-profile raid last September. The Department for Education closed the school, near Crowborough in East Sussex, saying it had failed to follow an improvement plan after a poor Ofsted inspection in 2005. But Mr Patel said its difficulties were compounded by the anti terrorist operation when officers carried out a dawn raid and remained on site for more than three weeks. No charges have been laid. There were reports the school had been used as an al-Qaida camp because Abu Hamza and others linked to him rented space within the grounds in 1996. Mr Patel said he sought police advice before allowing Hamza in and was told there no reason to bar him. As suspicions were aroused, Hamza associates were asked to leave. Mr Patel said: "We always cooperated with the authorities. We are in this position because our school was Islamic. We suffered unfair treatment from the media. We never had anything to do with terrorists." He said the school was unable to supply Ofsted with requested documents because they had been seized by police.

    On 10th September 2006, The Mail on Sunday reported that "anti-terror police searching an Islamic school suspected of being a training camp for militants have revealed their haul of weapons so far - a 90-year old hand grenade", a relic from World War I.

    Sir Iqbal Sacranie, former secretary general of the Muslim Council of Britain, said: "The school was forced to endure the most terrible onslaught from the media. Who would send their children there in the face of such an onslaught?"

    The community is left to wonder how reputations based on years of sacrifice and hardwork can be blown away overnight - without public apologies or compensation.

    Telegraph, 2nd September 2006 and

    The Guardian, 10th February 2007

    10th August 2006 (with subsequent updates) - Operation OVERT 24 arrests - those named in the press include: Abdul Waheed (Don Stewart-Whyte), 21; Umar Islam, 28 (Brian Young); Shahzad Khurrum Ali, 26; Waseem Kayani, 29; Asad Sarwar, 25; Tayeb Raouf, 22; Asim Tariq, 23; Abdul Monem Patel,17; Waheed Zaman, 23; Oliver Savant, 26; Usman Saddique, 22; Hasan Abdullah Khan, 21; Waheed Arafat Khan, 25; Cossor Ali, 23; Osman Khatib, 19; Tanvir Hussain, 25; Abdullah Ali, 26; Shameem Uddin, 35, Umair Hussain, 24. Those arrested include a young mother. London & West Midlands On 9th August the breaking story was the foiling of an airlines bomb plot and related arrests in London and the Midlands. The BBC noted that its reporter Daniel Sandford “did not think the police believed an attack was imminent. The reason for raising the threat level is in case there is some other sub-plot, back-up plot around this that the police aren't aware of”. Announcing the airport measures, he stated that anti-terror officers had carried out a "major counter-terrorism operation to disrupt what we believe to be a major threat to the UK". The incident follows within 24 hours of his speech that made reference to both security issues and immigration. In February 2003 a previous Home Secretary ordered the army and tanks to Heathrow.
    On 11th August The Guardian reported that "the oldest of the named suspects is 35 and the youngest 17. Thirteen are from east London - nine from Walthamstow, one from Chingford, one from Leyton, one from the Limehouse and Poplar area and one from Clapton. Four are from High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, and the other two are from Birmingham and Stoke Newington, north London". Imtiaz Qadir, from the Waltham Forest Islamic Association, said the woman arrested was in her early 20s and had a six-month-old baby. He told the Sun that he expected "an uproar" in the local community once news of her arrest became known".
    According to tabloid The Sun (11th August) "the plot was uncovered nearly a year ago. Intelligence agencies brought in anti-terrorism police at Christmas to watch the suspects". In the light of such reports, the question is being asked is this: why wait till the last moment to act and with such high drama and causing public panic?

    UK's former ambassador to Uzbekistan, Craig Murray, in his blog of 14th August observes: "... many of those arrested had been under surveillance for over a year...Then an interrogation in Pakistan revealed the details of this amazing plot to blow up multiple planes - which, rather extraordinarily, had not turned up in a year of surveillance. Of course, the interrogators of the Pakistani dictator have their ways of making people sing like canaries. As I witnessed in Uzbekistan, you can get the most extraordinary information this way. Trouble is it always tends to give the interrogators all they might want, and more, in a desperate effort to stop or avert torture. What it doesn't give is the truth. The gentleman being "interrogated" had fled the UK after being wanted for questioning over the murder of his uncle some years ago. That might be felt to cast some doubt on his reliability....We then have the appalling political propaganda of John Reid, Home Secretary, making a speech warning us all of the dreadful evil threatening us and complaining that "Some people don't get" the need to abandon all our traditional liberties. He then went on, according to his own propaganda machine, to stay up all night and minutely direct the arrests. There could be no clearer evidence that our Police are now just a political tool. Like all the best nasty regimes, the knock on the door came in the middle of the night, at 2.30am. Those arrested included a mother with a six week old baby ".

    On 17th August BBC reported that "a judge has granted Scotland Yard police officers an extra seven days to question 21 suspects, and an extra five days to question two".

    On 19th August, the Daily Mail cast doubt on the alleged ‘mastermind’ behind the airline terror plot, noting, in a news item headlined 'Pakistanis find no evidence against ‘terror mastermind’, that "Rashid Rauf, whose detention in Pakistan was the trigger for the arrest of 23 suspects in Britain, has been accused of taking orders from Al Qaeda’s ‘No3’ in Afghanistan and sending money back to the UK to allow the alleged bombers to buy plane tickets. But after two weeks of interrogation, an inch-by-inch search of his house and analysis of his home computer, officials are now saying that his extradition is ‘a way down the track’ if it happens at all. It comes amid wider suspicions that the plot may not have been as serious, or as far advanced, as the authorities initially claimed. Analysts suspect Pakistani authorities exaggerated Rauf’s role to appear ‘tough on terrorism’ and impress Britain and America. On 20th August, The Independent that the hugely resource intensive security operation had been code-named Operation OVERT.

    On 21st August, the Guardian reported the announcement by the Crown Prosecution Service that Eleven of the 24 people arrrested in connection with the alleged aircraft bomb plot are to face charges: "Eight of the eleven have been charged with two offences of conspiracy to murder and a new offence of preparing acts of terrorism contrary to section five of the Terrorism Act 2006. The other three have been charged with other offences under the Terrorism Act 2000. The CPS said 11 others are still in custody and a woman has been released".

    On 24th August, The Guardian reported that "Earlier last night, police released without charge another suspect, named as Tayib Rauf, 22, who had been in custody in Birmingham". Another suspect, Umair Hussain was due for release later that day. Hussain's solicitor, Tim Rusten, commented that he was pleased the judge rejected a police application to hold his client for an extra week, describing it as a "big victory".

    On 25th August, The Guardian reported that Umair Hussain had been charged, for failing to disclose information about his brother Nabeel Hussain.

    On 30th August, The Guardian reported that three further men have been charged - Nabeel Hussain, Mohammed Gulzar and Mohammed Shamim Uddin.

    On 7th September, The Guardian reported that three men that had been held were released without charge on 6th September. Abdul Waheed (Don Stewart-Whyte) was charged under the the Terrorism Act 2006 and for ossessing an 8mm pistol, 10 rounds of ammunition and a gun silencer. Muhammed Usman Saddique was also charged under the Terrorism Act. "Both are due to appear at City of Westminster magistrates court this morning.

    On 2nd November 2006, The Sun reported that brothers Umair and Mehran Hussain "walked free from Westminster Magistrates Court ...charges that they failed to reveal information about a terror act had been dropped". On 13th December 2006, there was a further unravelling when no evidence was found against Rashid Raof, the so-called 'trigger'/mastermind behind the plot, by an anti-terrorism court in Rawalpindi. The court found no evidence that he had been involved in terrorist activities or that he belonged to a terrorist organisation. The BBC reported that instead he was pressed with forgery charges. This development is now raising questions on the panic in August around airline travel. In response to the events, John Reid had declared 'the PM and he had agreed a stepchange review of Britain's counter-terrorism measures, promising a 'seamless coordinated approach to the now seamless threat'. (The Guardian, 28th September). Did Craig Murray have a point after all ("We then have the appalling political propaganda of John Reid, Home Secretary, making a speech warning us all of the dreadful evil threatening us and complaining that "Some people don't get" the need to abandon all our traditional liberties. He then went on, according to his own propaganda machine, to stay up all night and minutely direct the arrests. There could be no clearer evidence that our Police are now just a political tool"). And what was the bizarre talk of using TATP (triacetone triperoxide) in airline toilets? Mr Reid was gung-ho - but travellers remember the queues and their days of misery, and the Muslim community the demonisation in the press and backlash Islamophobic incidents.

    On 26th February 2007, the Birmingham Post carried the following apology: "In an article following the alleged airline terror plot last year (21 August 2006), we reported, wrongly, that Abdul Rauf had been arrested by Pakistani police as he headed to Islamabad airport. He was not so arrested. Mr Rauf assures us, and we fully accept, that he has never been complicit in any terrorist activity.We also accept that Mr Rauf has never been questioned or arrested in relation to any such matters, whether in the United Kingdom, Pakistan or anywhere else". Also on

    26th February 2007, The Guardian carried the following item in its 'Corrections and clarifications' column: "Samah Ahmed - an apology: In a table headed Suspects, August 12, last year, we stated that Samih Ahmed of Walthamstow had been arrested in connection with the alleged liquid bombs terrorist plot to blow up passenger aircraft. This was incorrect. Mr Ahmed has never been arrested or questioned with the alleged terror plot and has never been complicit in any terrorist activity. We apologise to Mr ahmed for the distress and embarrassment caused".

    On 28th March 2007, The Guardian reported that Rauf was being held in a high-security jail in Rawalpindi: "The British communicated with Pakistan their interest in Mr Rauf. But terrorist charges against him, which accused him of being a key figure behind the alleged suicide plot to blow up airliners, were dropped last December by a court inPakistan in a move that surprised British security and intelligence officials. Since then the Pakistani authorities have charged Mr Rauf with terrorist related offences in Pakistan, making clear their investigations take precedence over that of the British. When Margaret Beckett, the foreign secretary, visited Pakistan last month she made clear Britain's interest in the extradition of Mr Rauf. She was told, however, that Pakistan wanted reciprocity... According to his charge sheet he is involved in 'cases of murder and terrorism' involving the possession of 29 bottles of hydrogen peroxide and fake South African identity papers which were found at a house he used in Rawalpindi".

    On 28th January 2008, Ian Cobain of The Guardian reported on Rashid Rauf's escape from police custody in Rawalpindi:"Shortly before Christmas, Rauf is said to have escaped from Pakistani custody when two policemen escorting him from court in the capital, Islamabad, to a jail outside the nearby city of Rawalpindi stopped to allow him to pray in a roadside mosque. The officers claimed that when Rauf walked into the mosque they waited outside in their car, never considering for a moment that he could simply walk out of the back door. Both policemen are now themselves in custody, and the official Pakistani government explanation is that they were bribed".

    In its annual report for 2006-2007, the Intelligence & Security Committee Annual Report has noted the vast amounts of funding and resources that was funnelled into Operation OVERT - an explanation of the frustration within Security circles over Pakistan's reluctance to extradite Rauf.

    On 3rd April 2008, The Guardian reported the start of the trial in Woolwich Crown Court of: Abdulla Ahmed Ali, aka Ahmed Ali Khan; Assad Sarwar;Mohammed Gulzar; Ibrahim Savant Khan; Waheed Zaman and Umar Islam, aka Brian Young. The report noted that "The men deny two charges linked to an alleged plot counter-terrorism police claimed to have foiled in August 2006." On 4th April 2008, The Times and other media provided extracts of the bombastic videos prepared by the defendents - "All Muslims take heed. Remove yourself from the grasp of the kuffar before you are counted as one of them. Do not be content with your council houses, and businesses, and western lifestyles. Another video declared, "This is from Umar Islam, the son of Islam, to the people of the world....". BBC quoted the public prosecutor's statement that the recordings "were significant" because they showed the men "contemplated losing their lives in some violent act", which would be a "perceived act of martyrdom in the name of Islam".

    On 7th April 2008, it was reported by BBC that defendent Mohammed Gulzar had visited South Africa on 18 July 2006 on a false passport and that he returned "as a radicalised Islamist pursuing a violent agenda". He had arrived in the UK with a woman "who only had a one-way ticket, and soon flew on to Belgium". The jury was told Mr Gulzar was not a "foot soldier" and had not intended to die on one of the targeted flights.

    On 16th April2008 the Guardian reported that, according to the Prosecution, "the men were seen disposing of apparent bomb-making materials in a park shortly before they were arrested...undercover police watched the men dump plastic bags, containing items including miniature lightbulbs with the filaments exposed and attached to short wires, in bins, Woolwich crown court was told. According to the prosecution, such devices were intended to detonate the gang's liquid bombs when attached to a battery".

    On 3rd April 2008 The Guardian reported on court preceedings: "Abdulla Ahmed Ali said earlier plans to attack the Houses of Parliament 'as part of a publicity stunt' were dropped in favour of an airport because security was not as tight....Ali said the explosion was to be part of a stunt designed to attract attention to an online documentary attacking British and US foreign policy. But he denied the gang planned to attack aircraft with bombs constructed using instructions from the internet. 'That was never our intention. When we thought about the airport it was the terminal and more specific American offices. We were trying to create a disturbance, not kill anyone. We did not even think about boarding a plane; our aim was to set off a device at a terminal, cause a disturbance then release our video...the videos were part of the propaganda plan. 'I wanted to try and make it as realistic as I could and make it as sensational as possible to get maximum publicity and make the threats as credible as possible,' he told the jury. 'The whole idea was to be aggressive, sensationalist, copying the rhetoric and styles seen in other videos ... This was just an experiment to get an idea of how we could do it'." Earlier in his court statement Abdulla Ali had noted how his travels in Pakistan to help refugees who had fled the fighting in Afghanistan affected him - The Guardian (2nd June 2008 reported: " Ali said watching children dying every day in refugee camps had a profound effect on him and they realised charity work could only achieve limited success. He said they wanted to 'somehow change public opinion. Ali said he decided to make a documentary using the 'most graphic and shocking' footage from the internet.". This evidence raises questions whether Ali and his gang were really only soi-disant propagandists, or puppets strung along in someone else's show?

    On 14th July 2008 The Guardian reported that Abdulla Ahmed Ali, together with Assad Sarwar and Tanvir Hussain, had pleaded guilty to "conspiracy to cause explosions". The prosecutor stated that Ali was "caught with a blueprint for the operation recorded in a pocket diary and on a computer memory stick. Stashes of hydrogen peroxide and other bomb-making ingredients and equipment were found hidden at Sarwar's home and in woodland nearby". In their defence, Ali and Sarwar said they planned to record a documentary highlighting injustices against Muslims in Iraq, Afghanistan and Lebanon. Ibrahim Savant and Umar Islam have pleaded guilty to conspiring to cause a public nuisance. The latter charge stated the offence consisted in "the publication or distribution of video recordings threatening the murder of persons by means of suicide operations, such threats being designed to influence the government and intimidate the public". The accused deny conspiracy to murder and a verdict is to be passed by a jury. On 21st July 2008 The Guardian reported that Arafat Waheed Khan and Waheed Zaman also pleaded guilty to conspiring to commit public nuisance. They too deny conspiracy to murder.

    Press apology to Amjad Sarwar & Abdul Rauf

    On 8th September 2008the BBC reported that Abdulla Ahmed Ali, Assad Sarwar and Tanvir Hussain were convicted, having pleaded guilty to plotting to cause an explosion. The report noted that "after more than 50 hours of deliberations, the jury did not find any of the defendants guilty of conspiring to target aircraft. The jury was unable to reach verdicts on charges relating to a plot to blow up aircraft in respect of Ali, Sarwar and Hussein. And jurors were also unable to reach verdicts against four of the men - Ibrahim Savant, 27, of Stoke Newington, Umar Islam, 30, of Plaistow, and Waheed Zaman, 24, and Arafat Waheed Khan, 27, both of Walthamstow - all of whom are from London were accused of recording martyrdom videos."

    On the same day the Guardian reported that "Mohammed Gulzar, 27, from Barking, east London, who was the third alleged ringleader, was cleared of all offences".

    On 9th September 2008The Guardian provided details indicating the tensions between the US and UK security agencies in dealing with the so-called 'airline plot' and the role of Rashid Raof:"Three men were yesterday convicted of conspiring to commit murder. But, after a £10m investigation and trial lasting more than two years, the jury could not agree on the main allegation - that eight men planned to blow up seven airliners on their way to North America from Heathrow....What is clear, however, is that more evidence might have been gathered had Rashid Rauf, a man believed to have been a key figure in the alleged plot, not been arrested in Pakistan. His arrest on August 9 2006 came as a surprise to British police and intelligence officers involved in the surveillance of the alleged plotters in the UK. It is understood that Rauf was arrested at the request of US authorities, who wanted to strike as soon as they heard about the alleged plot....Professor Michael Clarke, the director of the Royal United Services Institute, said that there was a 'different approach' between counter-terrorism in the UK and the US...He added that he was 'pretty sure' that the US president, George Bush, discussed the matter with the then prime minister, Tony Blair. That may lend weight to the theory that Bush put pressure on the UK intelligence agencies to act swiftly."

    On 11th September 2008, the Public Prosecutor announced that it had applied for for a retrial of the seven men. Commenting on this move in The Times the following day, Alice Miles cautioned, "if the evidence were there for certain, the jury would have convicted all the men for all the offences. But that's not straight enough for those who have been widely briefing the newspapers this week about a stroppy, divided jury who may not have been paying attention and were distracted by details such as family sickness, holidays and hospital appointments.

    The implication is that they reached the wrong conclusions - yet there seems to be no clear evidence that the defendants definitely intended to blow up multiple aircraft. There was nothing 'wrong' in the jury's verdicts. Those involved with the prosecution appear to have been so certain of their case that they forgot that the jury also had to be persuaded beyond all reasonable doubt.

    To seek to blame the jury and overturn its judgment about the evidence is to seek to overturn one of the fundamental principles of British justice."

    BBC, 10th August 2006 and Guardian, 11th August 2006 and

    Craig Murray's blog, 14th August 2006 and BBC 17th August, and Daily Mail, 19th August and

    Independent, 20th August

    Guardian, 21st August

    Guardian, 24th August

    Guardian, 25th August

    Guardian, 7th September and

    BBC, 13th December

    The Guardian, 28th March 2007

    The Guardian, 28th January 2008

    The Guardian, 3rd April 2008

    BBC, 4th April 2008

    BBC, 7th April 2008

    BBC, 16th April 2008

    The Guardian, 3rd April 2008

    The Guardian, 14th July 2008

    BBC, 8th September 2008

    The Guardian, 8th September 2008

    The Guardian, 9th September 2008

    The Guardian, 11th September 2008

    The Times, 12th September 2008 - Alice Miles

    20th July 2006 Syed Talha Ahsan, 26 South London On 20th July the Guardian reported that the arrest was made by Scotland Yard's extradition unit: "Syed Talha Ahsan was held on a US federal indictment of conspiracy to support terrorists and conspiracy to kill or injure people abroad - by operating websites...Mr Ahsan is accused in the same case as Babar Ahmad". not known The Guardian, 20th July 2006 and

    26th June 2006 Omar Altamimi,36; Yusuf Abdullah, aged 29 Bolton On 26th June 2006 the BBC reported that "two people have been arrested under the Terrorism Act after police executed warrants in Greater Manchester. Some 250 officers were involved in the operation - part of the Operation Bracco anti-terrorism initiative. Eight addresses in the Tonge Moor, Halliwell and Great Lever areas of Bolton are said to have been raided".

    The Manchester Evening News provided further details, "it is believed they are accused of gathering terrorist propaganda, information on how to form a terrorist cell and make detonators. It is thought the men had been accessing Arabic website. They have also been held in connection with fraud involving tens of thousands of pounds". On 8th July 2006, The Bolton Evening News noted that "Omar Altamimi....has been charged with four offences under the Terrorism Act 2000, which relate to possessing articles and collecting information which could be used to aid terrorism. He has also been charged with one offence under the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002. Yusuf Abdullah...of no fixed address, has been charged with one offence under the Proceeds of Crime Act, and one offence under the Theft Act 1968.

    On 6th June 2007 the Manchester Evening News reported on Al Tamimi's trial proceedings at Manchester Crown Court. It noted, "a considerable amount of serious terrorist related material" had been found on two computers at Altimimi’s Bolton home and another address in the town used by him. The computers included "bomb instructions and details of how to run terror cells as well as video footage of terrorists and of executions in Iraq.... The 36-year-old faces a series of charges under the Terrorism Act, including possession of instructions on how to make a detonator and explosive device and instructions on the use of chemicals and bombing strategies. He denies the charges".

    The court heard sections from a chart found on one of the computers "talked about the organisational structure of a terror cell". Prosecutor Tim Barnes QC said that the terrorism expert Prof Clarke from Kings College London had described the chart as being “derived from many years of experience of the Mujahideen, probably in Afghanistan,” during the era of Soviet occupation between 1978 and 1988 with similarities to an “encyclopaedia of Jihad” circulated among extremist groups. The jury was told police initially began investigating Altamimi and two other men after being called in to look at a fraudulent bank transfer of $54,610 from the Yemeni Tourist Board to the Nationwide Building Society in Bolton. Mr Barnes said the fraud investigation widened when Altimimi was searched at Astley Bridge Police Station after his arrest and found to have the documents in his right shoe. Altimimi was also charged with the acquisition of criminal property, namely £3,000. He denies this charge too. The jury was told co-accused Yusuf Abdullah was charged with acquiring criminal property and has pleaded guilty under the Proceeds of Crime Act on Monday. Another defendant by the name of Bakhtiyar Berwiss wanted in connection with the bank transfers absconded while on bail.

    Abdullah pleaded guilty to acquiring £27,213 of criminal propery.

    On 7th July 2007 Altamimi was sentenced to 9 years imprisonment by the Manchester Crown Court for "possession of material for a purpose connected with terrorism" - a reference to terrorism manuals. He had denied all knowledge of the material found on his computer and had pleaded not guilty to the charges. Judge Maddison said that Altimimi was "a sleeper for some sort of terrorist organisation".

    Yusuf Abdullah was given a three-year jail term for proceeds of crime offences.

    BBC, 26th June and Manchester Evening News and
    Bolton Evening News and

    Manchester Evening News, 6th June 2007

    BBC, 7th July 2007

    20th June 2006 Four men - one aged 29, one 28 and two 21 South East London & East London On 20th June the BBC reported that "the arrests are part of an operation linked to the arrest of a man at Manchester airport on 6 June....All four British citizens were arrested on suspicion of the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism under the Terrorism Act 2000...Police are trying to establish whether they [the arrested men] were giving support to an alleged al-Qaeda cell in Canada...the arrests are linked to the investigation, led by West Yorkshire Police, in which a man and a youth were charged earlier this month with conspiracy to murder and conspiracy to cause public nuisance by using poisons or explosives". not known BBC, 20th June and see next two entries - 8th June 2006 & 7th June 2006

    8th June 2006 16 year old boy, ; later named as Hammaad Munshi Dewsbury On 8th June the BBC reported that "A 16-year-old youth has been arrested under terror laws by police...The latest arrest and searches come after a 21-year-old Bradford man was held in Manchester on Tuesday night (see next item). The Muslim News has established that the boy is the grandson of a local scholar, and "arrested as he was leaving his school, in Dewsbury, where he had been sitting GCSE exams. The house of his grandfather, which has a huge library, was raided at the same time as two other houses, his parent’s home where he lives and a second property owned by his parents. A family friend, who visited the Maulana just after the raid, told The Muslim News that the family is 'shaken' from the experience. They were said to be 'upset' as they cannot understand why the boy, who was detained at Bidwell Police Station, was arrested. They have not been told the reason for the arrest".

    On 11th June 2006, Iain Duncan Smith MP and former Tory leader, writing in the Sunday Telegraph, noted, "I was contacted by someone close to the Dewsbury events, raising concerns. One of the houses the police raided was the home of Yacub Munshi, a noted Islamic scholar. However, I was also told that General Sir John Kiszely, a holder of the Military Cross and Director of the Defence Academy, had visited Mr Munshi at home four days earlier to discuss ways to improve relations between the Muslim community and British institutions. As I understand it, Mr Munshi is a highly respected figure in the community, someone who has preached peace and opposed the men of violence. The person who passed me this information raised the concern among some in the intelligence community that Islamic extremists were using disinformation to sow discord and to bring the police into disrepute. As I write, investigations are not complete in Dewsbury, but the two visits to Mr Munshi's house, if nothing else, raise worrying questions about inter-service liaison as well. Mr Munshi's dignified silence, meanwhile, provides a worthy example amid so much briefing and counter-briefing".

    On 19th August 2008 The Lancashire Telegraph reported that "now 18, Munshi was found guilty with two other men of possessing or making documents promoting terrorism. Material found in their possession included guidance for making lethal weapons, manuals on how to carry out assassinations and personal details of members of the royal family...Munshi was leading a double life when he came to the attention of Leeds counter-terrorism unit. By day the teenager from Dewsbury, West Yorkshire, whose grandfather is a respected Muslim scholar, was studying for his GCSEs at Westborough high school. But at home, stashed beneath his bed, he kept handwritten notes about his desire for martyrdom including the claim: 'One who is not taking part in the battle nor has the sheer intention to die is in the branch of hypocrisy'....Munshi, who did not give evidence but whose barrister also argued that he was motivated by curiosity, was found guilty of making a record of information likely to be useful in terrorism but not guilty of possessing such material, and will be sentenced at the Old Bailey next month. Judge Timothy Pontius told Munshi that it was "inevitable" he would face jail.

    Writing in The Guardian on 25th August 2008, Inayat Bunglawala voiced the community's concerns with such types of 'thought crime convictions': "Let's look at what had Hammaad Munshi is actually said to have done. According to all accounts of the case, Munshi surfed the internet and is said to have downloaded material about the making of napalm and other explosives. He also had "al-Qa'ida propaganda videos" on his PC. So what? That's freedom folks. Just think how many British teenagers have got hold of the Anarchist's Cookbook over the years and how much easier the internet has made it to seek out and read such material? How many of them went on to become terrorists? And if people want to download videos of US army tanks being blasted apart by Iraqi resistance fighters then that is surely their own business, right? Where have all the "free speech" warriors gone now? Note that Munshi was not convicted of any actual plan to carry out a terrorist attack – it is just presumed that that is what he would have graduated to do because the state now wants to have the right to police our minds....For too many young British Muslims like Munshi, the UK has come to resemble a republic of fear."

    On 19th September 2008 the BC reported that Munshi had been sentenced to two years in a young offenders' institution. In a statement, Munshi's grandfather Sheikh Yakub Munshi, a well-known Islamic scholar, said the family respected the court's judgment.

    BBC, 7th June and The Muslim News and

    Iain Duncan Smith in the Sunday Telegraph, 11th June

    Lancashire Telegraph, 19th August 2008

    The Guardian, 25th August 2008

    BBC, 19th September 2008

    7th June 2006 One man, 21 years old; later named as Aabid Khan Manchester airport On 7th June The Times reported that a man "arrested at Manchester Airport under anti-terror laws could be connected with an alleged terror plot in Canada, it was reported today. The arrested man, who is from Bradford and of Pakistani origin, was detained by West Yorkshire Police officers last night and has been taken back across the Pennines for interview. The BBC reported that the man was believed to have recently been in Pakistan and was being questioned with the arrests in Canada". The Times report added, "At around midnight, officers raided two houses in Bradford in connection with the arrest". The paper quoted West Yorkshire Police's statement that "Police have searched addresses in Hanover Square, Manningham, and Otley Road, Bradford" and also provided the following eye-witness account, "a police van arrived and some police officers dashed out and started shouting. They used a ram to knock the door down and then they rushed inside shouting. They were in there for about an hour before they brought all three people out - two ladies and one young man. They then drove off in a police car."

    Note on Canadian incident: "The Royal Canadian Mounted Police itself delivered three tons of potential bomb-making material to a group that authorities said wanted to launch a string of attacks" -CBS.

    John Chuckman, retired Chief Economist for Texaco Canada, writing in the 'Asian Tribune' (Terror in Toronto or Tempest in a Teapot?, 10th June 2006) notes, "The known facts of the Toronto case are simple. CSIS, Canada's intelligence agency, identified one or more of these fellows on an Internet chat room about two years ago. This prompted additional investigation, and a group of young men sharing angry dreams was discovered. Finally, when a 3-ton load of ammonium nitrate, a fertilizer that can be used as a component for an explosive, was offered by the watchers and accepted by someone in the group, a wave of arrests quickly followed....While formal charges have not been produced and lawyers for the accused have received no discovery information, the lawyers were permitted, in a Darkness at Noon fashion, to read (but not copy) a synopsis of accusations which I understand is typically prepared by police. Apparently, such synopses have a history of great inaccuracy when compared to actual legal charges finally submitted in court. I believe that it was with this in mind and with the intention of alerting the thinking public to some odd stuff that a lawyer for one of the accused stood outside the court and recited some of the accusations. The points include a wish to behead the Prime Minister, take government hostages, blow up part of Parliament, and attack the CBC. Behead the Prime Minister? Doesn't that just sound like what you would expect from angry young men discussing violent fantasies in a chat room? How many pimply-faced young men annually express dire wishes for school principals, teachers, girlfriends' fathers or others with some authority? It may not be much of a legal charge, but it's great stuff for the press, and we've had the words cell, al Quaeda, and terrorism repeated countless times. There is not the least justification yet for any of these words. We must keep in mind that a group of unhappy young men can easily be manipulated by a clever intelligence agent or policeman."

    On 19th August 2008 The Lancashire Telegraph reported that a routine stop and search of Aabid Khan's luggage at Manchester airport "yielded the largest library of computer files promoting terrorism seized by police. Video footage in his suitcase suggested he had visited the Balakot mountains, site of a Jaishe Mohammed terrorist training camp....Khan led officers to Munshi [see above item] and the third defendant found guilty yesterday. Sultan Muhammad, 23, 'found in possession of terrorism-related materials'." Sentences will be sentenced at the Old Bailey next month. A fourth defendant, Ahmed Sulieman, 30, from south London, was cleared of three possession allegations after explaining that the files." The Times, 7th June and The BBC

    CBS site for details of Canadian 'sting'

    Lancashire Telegraph, 19th August 2008

    2nd June 2006 One man: later disclosed as two: Mohammed Abdul Kahar, 23, and his brother Abul Koyair, 20, Forest Gate, London On Friday 2nd June there were media reports of a man shot in Forest Gate after a raid - the injuries are not believed to be life-threatening and the man is in custody at a central London police station. The Guardian reported that "Police said officers carried out a search warrant under the Terrorism Act 2000 at residential premises". The BBC reported that according to its home affairs correspondent Danny Shaw," the raids follow an investigation into international terrorism targeting the UK". The shooting was carried out by officers from CO19, the Met's specialist firearms division.

    The Daily Express front page headline on Saturday 3rd June was 'FIND THE CHEMICAL BOMB', adding "fears were growing that a bomb containing poisonous chemicals may be in the hands of Islamic fanatics elsewhere in the is understood the teror gang was plotting to detonate a chemical device possibly carried by a suicide bomber in a 'martyr's vest'."

    On Monday 5th June the Guardian reported, "Lawyers for the men also denied a report that Mr Kahar had been shot by his brother after grappling with an armed police officer for his gun. Mr Kahar's solicitor, Kate Roxburgh, said the 23-year-old Royal Mail worker had been shot in the upper right hand side of his chest, with the bullet exiting through his shoulder on an upwards trajectory. She said his brother had been standing behind Mr Kahar at the time". Reporters Richard Norton-Taylor and Vikram Dodd added "Counter-terrorism officials conceded yesterday that lethal chemical devices they feared had been stored at an east London house raided on Friday may never have existed.Confidence among officials appeared to be waning as searches at the address continued to yield no evidence of a plot for an attack with cyanide or other chemicals....over the weekend police intensified their planning for dealing with community anger if it turns out the intelligence was wrong." The intelligence referred to was the information apparently provided by "an informant".

    On 6th June The Guardian reported, "Senior counter-terrorism officials now believe that the intelligence that led to the raid on a family house last Friday in a search for a chemical device about to be used to attack Britain was wrong". It added, "what remains puzzling is the reliance on a single apparently uncorroborated source for information that prompted a high-profile mass raid which, even without the shooting of one of the men, would have provoked a strong reaction".

    On 7th June, further information on the 'informant' entered the public domain: that he had seen the lethal garment at the home of two young men and told MI5 (The Times).

    On 9th June, the brothers were released without being charged after being held for a week on suspicion of the commission, preparation and instigation of acts of terrorism. The Observer noted that "Scotland Yard warned MI5 it had serious reservations about the credibility of the source whose information triggered the Forest Gate anti-terrorism raid only hours before police stormed the suspects' house in east London. ....Gareth Peirce, the lawyerthe lawyer acting for the family ... said the officers failed to give a warning during the raid and did not identify themselves as police. 'The family thought they were armed robbers wearing helmets with their visors pulled down. Nobody identified themselves as police as they stormed in wearing terrifying black hoods and started bashing them over the head. They only realised they were officers when they saw the word police on their backs."

    Questions are also being asked on briefings to the press about chemical weapons (see Daily Express link above). Shami Chakrabarti, the director of the civil liberties group, Liberty, has noted, "We need to ask, 'Where was that coming from?' "

    Iain Duncan Smith MP and former Tory leader, writing in the Sunday Telegraph, has been even more explicit: "My mind travelled back to last summer and the shooting of Jean Charles de Menezes. I remembered the briefing war through the airwaves as police certainty and assurances were challenged and proved hideously wrong… and I began to wonder....We all desperately want the police and security forces to succeed - our well-being depends on it. 'Spin' will not help them succeed".

    On 19th June The Guardian, quoting another newspaper report, noted that "the source who triggered the raid was a Muslim man jailed for a terrorist offence in January, described in the newspaper as a 'childhood pal' of the two brothers, Mohammed Abdulkayar and Abul Koyair. However, the family has denied all knowledge of the man. Shown a photograph of the alleged source, Jalal Uddin, a brother of the two detained men, said: 'I don't recognise him whatsoever'."

    Released, 9th June 2006.

    On 3rd October 2006, the BBC reported that the operation "cost Scotland Yard more than £2 million. Most of the money was spent on police salaries, including £864,300 overtime payments".

    On 27th October 2006 charges of child pornography made against Abdul Khar on 4th August were dropped. The Mail on Sunday reported that "The CPS has decided that no charges be brought against Mr Mohammed Kahar for any criminal offence relating to deleted images found on a computer, an external hard drive and a 3G mobile phone recovered during a raid in June on his home at Forest Gate by anti terrorist unit officers." The Socialist Worker noted: "What really puzzled the CPS was that some of the 'deleted' images were stored on the 3G phone, which would have required specialist knowledge. 'There was no evidence that Mr Kahar had possession of, or access to, equipment or the technical knowledge to do so,' concluded the CPS.It was not even clear if it could be proved when the images were downloaded, created or deleted.The lurid press allegations against Muslims will continue. These smears are part of an orchestrated campaign, which seeks to target Britain’s Muslim community". On 13th February, the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) issued a report recommending the officers should not be disciplined, but called for a public apology from the Met over "very aggressive" tactics.

    BBC 2nd June
    The Guardian 2nd June and
    The Guardian 5th June and
    The Guardian 6th June and

    The Times 7th June and

    >The Observer, 11th June and

    Iain Duncan Smith in the Sunday Telegraph, 11th June and

    BBC 3rd October and

    Mail on Sunday 27th October and

    BBC 3rd October and

    Socialist Worker and

    IPCC report, 13th Feb 2007

    24th May 2006 Ten (initially 8) men Merseyside & Manchester On Wednesday 24th May, The BBC reported, "The raids, which began in five police force areas at 0300 BST, are targeting people suspected of terrorism abroad. Eight arrests have so far been made - seven in Greater Manchester and one in Merseyside - and raids have taken place in Birmingham and Middlesbrough. The police forces involved are Greater Manchester, West Midlands, Cleveland, Metropolitan Police and Merseyside. The operation is being led by Greater Manchester Police anti-terrorist unit and raids are expected to last all day". Properties are being searched with warrants issued under the Terrorism Act. The Guardian reported that 500 officers had been involved in the operation. Later in the day, BBC News reported that it "understands" that one of the men arrested in Manchester is Tahir Nasuf, a 44-year-old born in Libya, working for the Sanabel Relief Agency. On 25th May The Guardian provided an eyewitness account of the swoop, "eight officers in black clothes and wearing masks knocked through the front door while others went in the back. They were smashing the front door with a battering ram to try to break it down...". It also noted the statement by Mr Nasuf' sister-in-law: "My sister told me that before fajr [early morning prayer] policemen came to the house dressed in black. She was very scared, she has four children, and didn't know what was going on. There was lots of shouting. They took her husband away, she doesn't know why. He's been arrested before and he had done nothing wrong then." It also reported that "a leading British Libyan dissident yesterday claimed Britain was being duped by the Libyan regime into arresting its opponents".

    two released; detention continues for 8 BBC 24th May, The Guardian 24th May The Guardian 25th May and The Guardian 19th June
    24th April 2006 Mohammed Asif Siddique, 24; Mohammed Rafiq, 40; Muhammed Atif Siddique, 20; plus unnamed man 46 Alva, Clackmannanshire, near Stirling, Scotland On 24th April 2006, the only information available was that the men had been arrested under the Terrorism Act 2000. Mohammed Atif Siddique, aged 20, the younger brother of Asif, had been arrested in the same town on 13th April as part of the same investigation. Mr Rafiq was their uncle. Press reports indicated that Central Scotland officers were searching a property in Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire - around seven miles from Alva" - the location of the fourth arrest (named in the media the following day as Muhammad Niaz). The BBC Scotland reporter Duncan Kirkhope described seeing "a sea of police and the time we got parked and walked round a number of the marked vehicles drove away and then we saw people being driven away from the semi-detached house in unmarked police cars. One unmarked car had three Asian people in the back, possibly two women and a young person or a woman and two young people". The BBC also reported that the family solicitor Aamer Anwar stating:"I strongly condemn police tactics which are a sign of increased desperation to widen the net. This is a respectable family, who since the arrest of their son, have fully co-operated with the police in their inquiries, yet find themselves being terrorised in this manner. The Siddique family are deeply distressed and anxious that both Asif and Mohammed Rafiq who have committed no crime are released immediately." On 27th April two of those arrested were freed without charge. On 28th April, BBC reported that Asif Siddiqui had also been released without charge. Asif's statement to the media was that "from the start I have always said I was innocent. I don't know why I was detained. Now I just want to get home to my family." Solicitor Aamer Anwar added, "My client is deeply traumatised and upset at what he has faced and angry at being labelled as a terrorism suspect." The fourth member of the family Atif Siddiqui was charged with offences under Section 58(1b) of the Terrorism Act at a specially convened court in Falkirk on 27th April and remains in detention. It is believed that he is facing allegations of being in possession of documents "likely to be useful to someone committing or preparing for a terror attack". IndyMedia Scotland reports that "the events that led to Atif Siddique's incarceration appear to have been triggered by the discovery of downloaded images of Iraq on his laptop when he attempted to travel from Glasgow airport a week earlier. It's a predicament that anyone could find themselves in. After his arrest, Atif Siddique asked his lawyer 'to state that he is not a terrorist and he completely and utterly condemns the atrocities of 11 September and 7 July.' The Scotsman, on 6th May, reported that Atif Siddique had been committed for trial at a special court sittingat Polmont Young Offenders' Institution, "where he is being held".

    BBC Scotland on 3rd November 2006 reported that Atif, at his Glasgow Court hearing has " has denied five charges brought against him under the Terrorism Act of 2000. These include possessing articles useful to a person preparing for an act of terrorism, such as instructions on bomb-making and guerrilla tactics. He is also accused of putting details on websites to encourage terrorism. Both the prosecution and defence in the case have agreed that, because of security implications, Mr Siddique need not attend the next procedural step in the case on 17 November. The first charge against Mr Siddique alleges that between 1 March, 2003 and 13 April, 2006, he possessed articles in circumstances which gave rise to a reasonable suspicion that they were connected with the commission, preparation or instigation of an act of terrorism. The offence is alleged to have taken place in Mr Siddique's home, Ibrox Public Library, the Glasgow Metropolitan College, and Glasgow Airport. The second charge alleges that he collected items and recorded information of a kind likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism. Siddique is also accused of committing a breach of the peace by showing students images of suicide bombers and beheadings by terrorists, and claiming to be a member of Al Qaeda. The fourth charge against him alleges that between 1 September, 2003 and 13 April, 2006, he provided instruction on using or making firearms and explosives on his three internet web sites. The fifth charges alleges Mr Siddique distributed terrorist publications on the web sites to encourage acts of terrorism".

    On 22nd August 2007 BBC reported on Atif's jury trial at the Glasgow Crown Court. Further trial details were also reported in The Scotsman on 28th August. Mr Donoghue, his former teacher noted that Atif "was a very quiet boy, always very well turned out, very respectful, but not a very high academic achiever...I would say that he was above average in terms of attitude, always wore his uniform, very polite and courteous to staff." The BBC reported stated that Donoghue told the court that Atif Siddique had grown a beard by the next time they met in 2006, "but agreed it was not unusual for former pupils to change their appearance after leaving the school". Atif is accused of "showing students at Glasgow Metropolitan College images of suicide bombers and beheadings by terrorists". The jury has viewed videos found in Atif's possession, in which an "unidentified man [also] shouts to the camera: 'The Muslim world is not your backyard. The honourable sons of Islam say it is time for us to be equals'."

    Atif is alleged to have told fellow students that he was a member of al-Qaida!

    However on 10th September 2007, the BBC reported that this allegation had been withdrawn by the Prosecution. It was also reported that amongst the evidence presented by the Prosecution was Atif's reading habits - he had borrowed a book and a cassette called "Learn Arabic in Three Months" from Alva Public Library in March 2003!

    On 17th September 2007, The Guardian reported that Atif was found guilty of serious terrorism offences. His lawyer stated that "this verdict is a tragedy for justice and for freedom of speech, and undermines the values that separate us from the terrorists, the very values we should be fighting to protect....when detained at Glasgow airport by Special Branch on April 6 2006, his laptop was confiscated and he was liberty for seven days, he made no attempt to escape or to destroy his home computer - hardly the actions of al-Qaida." He said that his client would appeal and that some of the evidence presented against him was "farcical". What Atif did were "student's actions amounted to nothing worse than what millions of young people do every day - looking for answers on the internet".

    On 18th September, The Daily Telegraph reporter Auslan Cramb introduced another dimension to the plot by linking Atif to a trans-Atlantic plot: "Following the verdict it can be revealed that Siddique was detained at Glasgow airport last April amid fears that he was might have been on his way to Canada via Pakistan to join alleged Islamic extremists in Ontario. Doubts have been previously raised on the odd nature of the Canadian plot and the sting likelihood. It is not the first time that this Canadian connection has been invoked on a terrorism case: on 20th June 2006 four men were arrested in London. Now in Atif's case it is reported by Cramb that "Security sources believe that he was radicalised through contact with a man from the north of England who spoke to him over the internet. The man, who cannot be named for legal reasons, is suspected of being a major recruiting agent and handler for the Islamic cause". The question within the community is now this: why can't the man be named and why is he not charged? No wonder Atif's lawyer Aamer Anwar is seeking an appeal!

    Messrs Rafiq, Niaz released without charge, 27th April; Asif released without charge 28th April; Atif - found guilty, sentenced 23d October 2007 for 8 years. The trial judge stated: "You told fellow college students that you intended to become a terrorist and one of your targets would be central Glasgow." A further charge of breach of the peace related to claims that he showed students at Glasgow Metropolitan College images of suicide bombers and terrorist beheadings. After the verdict, his brother stated, "this is not a case regarding one individual, it's a show case, an example being made to show other Muslims, and to show the muscle of the legal system to an innocent but stupid young man. Atif is no terrorist, no threat to no-one. He is innocent of the charges and did not receive a fair trial." A BBC report added that solicitor Aamer Anwar confirmed an appeal would be lodged against the conviction.

    On 7th November 2007 The Guardian reported that the trial judge, Lord Carloway, "has asked his fellow judges to launch an investigation against Aamer Anwar after the defence solicitor made highly charged criticisms of the conviction last month... The judge's decision to press for Mr Anwar to be tried for contempt - possibly by a panel of three judges - is unprecedented, and has become a cause celebre in legal circles. While the Law Society of Scotland said last night it would review its professional conduct rules after Lord Carloway's remarks, the English civil rights lawyers Gareth Peirce, Michael Mansfield, Helena Kennedy and Imran Khan last week signed an open letter in protest. Ms Peirce said Mr Anwar was a 'lawyer of great courage and principle'.

    On 1st July 2008, Aamer Anwar was cleared of contempt of court [see also reportage in The Muslim News, 25th July 2008)

    BBC, 24th April and

    Scottish TV, 27th April
    BBC, 28th April and Scotland Independent Media Centre, 26th April and
    BBC Scotland, 3rd November 2006
    BBC Scotland, 22nd August 2007 and
    The Scotsman, 28th August 2007 and
    BBC, 10th September 2007 and
    The Guardian, 17th September 2007 and
    The Daily Telegraph, 18th September 2007 and
    BBC, 23rd October 2007

    The Guardian, 7th November 2007

    1st April 2006 Four men Stafford Hospital On Friday 31st March, The Guardian reported, "Armed police swooped on Staffordshire general hospital on Wednesday night when doctors became suspicious about the sick man's symptoms and the behaviour of four men with him. They were arrested in the hospital grounds. A witness saw people running across the car park but no shots were fired. Two cars were taken away for forensic examination....A spokesman for Staffordshire police said: "We were contacted by staff ... [concerned] about the nature of his illness and what they felt was the suspicious behaviour of four men with him....Chief Inspector Cliff Grainger said: We are still unsure of what we are dealing with so I can only give limited information. At this stage, there is no evidence that a terrorist incident has taken place, nor that there is any specific threat.The arrests were made under the Terrorism Act, which affords us the opportunity of investigating what at this stage appears to be a complex set of circumstances.".

    On 1st April the BBC quoted Assistant Chief Constable Suzette Davenport stating, "Our enquiries have revealed no links with any incident or any other type of crime".

    Lord Carlile, the independent adjudicator and monitor of national security evidence, observed that the chief constable of Staffordshire should apologise and an independent inquiry should be held...."People should not be arrested under the Terrorism Act unless there is a real terrorism issue...The police have a wide range of powers enabling them to arrest people for suspicion of crime or suspicion of illegal immigration." He also thought that the Independent Police Complaints Commission should take a close look at the incident.

    Released The Guardian, 31st March 2006 and BBC, 1st April
    3rd March 2006 Irfan Raja, Awab Iqbal and two others (later named as Aitzaz Zaar and Akbar Butt) Bradford On Friday 3rd March, four men, initially unnamed, two aged 18 and two aged 19, were arrested at the University of Bradford's halls of residence and environs. The Guardian reported that "the men were arrested on suspicion of the commissioning, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism". On 8th March, The Yorkshire Post in a story headlined 'Muslim students arrested in terror swoop' indicated that the arrestees were of "Pakistani origin" and provided the following further details: "The police are focusing their investigation on whether the group held radical extremist views....One of the men was part-way through a forensics course at the university while another one of the suspects studied pharmaceuticals...another three Bradford University students on the periphery of the group were also arrested but they were released without charge last night". By 9th March, news reports indicated that one of the four had been released, and provided the names of two individuals who were charged: Irfan Raja from London and Awaab Iqbal from Bradford.

    On 26th July 2007 The Daily Telegraph reported that "Raja and three others were found guilty of possessing articles useful for terrorism after a three-month trial at the Old Bailey...Officers found a 'profusion of Islamic propaganda' on the schoolboy's computer which showed he had been talking to Bradford University students in a chatroom. Raja's family managed to contact him on his mobile phone and persuaded him to telephone them from a phone box in Manchester. His distraught mother went on a hunger strike until Raja agreed to return home. 'Irfan Raja was not as firm in his purpose as he hoped he would be, and as the people in Bradford hoped he would be,' said Andrew Edis QC, prosecuting. He had become involved with a group of radical first-year students who would allegedly meet at a student house in Bradford. Raja had been introduced to Aitzaz Zafar, 20, from Rochdale, Lancs, over the internet by a 17-year-old student called Ali, from New Jersey, who was planning to join them. The court heard how Zafar and Akbar Butt, 19, from Southall, West London, discussed travel arrangements over the internet with a contact called "Imran" in Lahore, Pakistan. Butt used a computer in Bradford University library to plan a trip to a training camp on Pakistan's North-West Frontier. But Raja was arrested when he went home on February 26 and counter-terrorism police soon rounded up the Bradford ring, which also included Usman Ahmed Malik, 21, from Wolverhampton, West Midlands. During raids on their homes officers found material on their computers which included al-Qa'eda manuals, speeches by Osama bin Laden and justifications for suicide bombings. The other members of the gang denied plotting to train for jihad. The defendants, who had spent much of the trial laughing and giggling together, looked shocked as the verdicts were announced".

    The convictions were the first of their kind under section 57 of the Terrorism Act, relating to possessing articles for terrorist purposes.

    David Livingstone, an associate fellow in the international security programme at Chatham House, is reported by the Guardian [27th July] to have stated that "instead of arresting individuals who accessed material which was widely available on the internet, liberal societies should engage in a competitive battle on the world wide web". Livingstone, who had acted as an expert for the defence also noted that there was no evidence the five planned to instigate a terrorist attack. Instead they were engaged in "mischievous" activity. "If you are going to pursue every case of mischief you are going to end up with a very jammed-up criminal justice system and you will certainly have to build more prisons".

    Raja was given two years' youth detention, Zafar and Iqbal three years' detention, Malik three years' jail and Butt 27 months' detention. On 13th March 2007, following an appeal, the original conviction was deemed unsound. The Guardian noted, "The men had their convictions quashed by the lord chief justice, Lord Phillips, who was sitting with two other judges. Phillips, who ordered their release, said there was no evidence they intended to use extremist Islamist material found on their computers for terrorism...'We do not consider that it was made plain to the jury, whether by the prosecution or the Recorder, that the case that the appellants had to face was that they possessed the extremist material for use in the future to incite the commission of terrorist acts. We doubt whether the evidence supported such a case."

    Lord Phillips added: "The five had been convicted of possessing articles for a purpose connected with the commission, preparation or instigation of an act of terrorism, contrary to section 57 of the Terrorism Act 2000. We have concluded that, if section 57 is to have the certainty of meaning that the law requires, it must be interpreted in a way that requires a direct connection between the object possessed and the act of terrorism."

    Imran Khan, solicitor for one of the defendents observed that the men had been prosecuted for a 'thought crime': "Young Muslim men before this judgement could have been prosecuted simply for simply looking at any material on the basis that it might be connected in some way to terrorist purposes...My client is over the moon. He says it is surreal, and he cannot see why he has spent the last two years in prison for looking at material which he had no intention of using for terrorism." Solicitor Saghir Hussein, who was defending another defendent stated: "This is a landmark judgment in a test case over the innocent possession of materials, including books and speech, and the court has finally agreed that this is in no way connected to terrorism. It was very difficult in the current climate for any jury to decide on anything apart from conviction.

    The BBC reported that according to the Liberal Democrat home affairs spokesman Chris Huhne, the government's "knee-jerk drafting" of new terrorism offences had led to confusion on the part of prosecutors: "Ministers need to be more cautious when drafting new offences and more effective in enforcing old ones."

    Raja was given two years' youth detention, Zafar and Iqbal three years' detention, Malik three years' jail and Butt 27 months' detention. They appealed, which was upheld, and they were freed on 13th February 2008. At the time the Crown Prosecution indicated that it was considering an appeal to the House of Lords. However on 20th February, the CPS stated that it would not do so because it did "not see any necessity to clarify a point of law". The Guardian, 6th March 2006 & the Telegraph & Argus, 6th March 2006 and

    BBC, 6th March 2006 and Yorkshire Post, 8th March and
    BBC, 9th March

    Daily Telegraph,26th July 2007 and

    Guardian,27th July 2007

    Guardian,13th Feb 2008

    BBC,13th Feb 2008

    BBC,20th Feb 2008

    22nd February 2006 37 year old male, unnamed Swansea On Wednesday 22nd February, the BBC reports that armed police and two police vans blocked off a street and residents were evacuated. The 37 year old was arrested under the Terrorism Act 2000. According to the report, a "potentially harmful substance" was being stored in a flat".

    A Swansea paper reported "local people described the arrested man as being of ethnic origin" and provided the following account from a resident who saw the arrest take place: "I was walking up the street and saw the police come past. They stopped a gentleman and basically he didn't have a chance. They put him on the floor and they took him. There were 45 of them. They were armed to the teeth and there was no struggle. There was no shouting 'get your hands in the air' or anything like that. It was easy. Boom, boom, on the floor and they took him. It happened so quickly it was unbelievable."

    Unknown BBC, 24th Feb 2006 and South Wales Evening News, 24th Feb 2006
    21st February 2006 Arifa Akbar Canary Wharf Station The Independent's journalist Arifa Akbar was stopped and searched on her way to work, according to a personal account written for the paper: "three police oficers crowded round me and explained I was being stopped and searched under Section 44 of the Terrorism Act.As one took my personal details, another emptied my rucksack, reading business cards and staring at the contents of my lunchbox as the third watched in the wings. When they had reassured themselves that my bag was free of explosives and incriminating literature, they asked me if I would be so kind as to tick a box on their form to list my ethnicity, for administrative purposes. Surely, I thought, they could have filled it in themselves. Hadn't they mentally ticked the boxes when they picked me out from the crowd as a potentially dangerous member of society? I found it hard to accept, as they explained, that the apparently "unusual sight of a woman carrying a rucksack" had raised their suspicions.....I was so outraged I recounted the event to my mother, who responded by telling me she had been stopped by police with a group of elderly Asian women while taking the train. They were searched right down to the contents of their Tupperware boxes, as if they might be stashing ricin under the chapattis, in spite of the fact that the majority were Hindus, not Muslims. A spokeswoman for the Home Office insisted the legislation was aimed at creating a "hostile environment for would-be terrorists to operate in". But for thousands of law-abiding, well-integrated metropolitan Asians, Section 44 has created the hostile environment in which their daily lives are interrupted by people who remind them of the potential threat their colour represents.A Met spokesman insisted that it was not necessarily the individual who was under suspicion, but that searches were undertaken for the greater good of "deterring and disrupting terrorist activity". So if I was never under suspicion in the first place, were searches like mine used to create the illusion that the threat was under control? If this 'high-visibility' patrolling is the Government's idea of effective PR to reassure commuters who witnessed my humiliation, then it's a rather cheap trick".

    Released without arrest The Independent, 21st Feb 2006
    21st February 2006 Rizwan Ahmed, Farhad Harun and two other actors Luton Airport On 16/2/06, members of the cast of the award winning film 'the Road to Guantanamo' were detained as they returned from the Berlin Film Festival.The cast was accompanied by Shafiq Rasul and Rhuhel Ahmed, the former Guantánamo inmates whose experiences are enacted in the film. The Guardian reports, "In a statement, Rizwan Ahmed said police swore at him and asked if he had become an actor to further the Islamic cause. He said he was at first denied access to a lawyer and was questioned about his views on the Iraq war by a policewoman: 'She asked me whether I intended to do more documentary films, specifically more political ones like The Road to Guantánamo. She asked 'Did you become an actor mainly to do films like this, to publicise the struggles of Muslims?'...A spokeswoman for Bedfordshire police, which patrols Luton airport, said that none of the six men had been arrested. 'The police officers wanted to ask them some questions under the counter-terrorism act". Released without arrest The Guardian, 21st Feb 2006
    17th January 2006 27-year old, unnamed Kensington Church Street On 17/1/06, the BBC quotes a Scotland Yard spokeswoman stating "At approximately 11.40am today a 27-year-old man was arrested in connection with the ongoing investigation into the alleged attempted bomb attacks on the London transport network on July 21". Unknown BBC, 17th Jan
    6th January 2006 20-year old, unnamed Sheffield On 6/1/06, the BBC reports, a man was arrested in a Sheffield residence "in connection with an inquiry into suspected terrorist activity in south-east Asia. The man was held on suspicion of having items likely to be of use to a terrorist". The following day the BBC reported that the man had been released. Released without charge BBC, 6th Jan and

    BBC, 7th Jan

    23rd December 2005 Adel Yahya Gatwick Twenty three year old Adel Yahya was arrested on 20th December 2005 on arrival from Addis Ababa. According to a Times report (20/12/05), the man is believed to have been returning to his home in Tottenham, north London, for the first time since the failed attacks of 21st July. Scotland Yard has indicated he is suspected of providing logistical support, and not of helping in the construction of the bombs. He was remanded in custody at the Bow Street Magistrates' Court on 23rd December, and is due to appear in the Old Bailey on 6th January 2006. Not known The Times and


    5th December 2005 Three men, not named Worcestershire A local Worcestershire paper reported on 8th December that the arrests were made on 5th December 2005: "the men, aged 39, 42 and 34 were arrested on Monday by detectives from the Metropolitan Police Service Anti-Terrorist Branch on suspicion of the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism under the Terrorism Act 2000". On 12th December the BBC reported that the men had been remanded in custody after appearing before Bow Street Magistrates: "accused of conspiring to provide money and other property for terrorism. They are alleged to have known or suspected the cash or goods may be used for terrorism. These offences are alleged to have been committed between 1 January 2001 and 4 October 2005". Not known Bromsgrove Standard and

    BBC, 12th Dec 2005

    30th November 2005 Male, aged 28, named on 5th Dec as Kazi Nurur Rahman Near South Mimms, Herts. BBC reported that the arrest was "in connection with providing weapons linked to international terrorism. Specialist Metropolitan Police firearms officers challenged the man when he got out of a parked car near the South Mimms service station, off the M25. The man, from east London, was taken to a central London police station, Addresses in the Waltham Forest and Newham areas of east London are being searched as part of the investigation". Daily Mail frontpage headline "MI5 foil missile blitz on hols jet" and reported the man held under the Prevention of Terrorism Act was "Asian-born". The paper also reported that 'a source at Scotland Yard' said,"We think he was buying the missile in a bid to bring down a trans-Atlantic airliner....we believe the planned attacks were to be carried out by Islamic fundamentalists following the ideals of the al-Qaeeda movement". On 5th Dec, BBC reported that Rahman had been charged with five offences, including his alleged possession of three Uzi sub-machine guns and 3,000 rounds ammunition with intent to endanger life. Two of the charges are under the Terrorism Act 2000.

    On 30th April 2007, the BBC reported that "Reporting restrictions covering the conviction of Kazi Nurur Rahman have been lifted. Rahman, 29, was arrested in November 2005 after trying to buy three Uzi sub-machine guns in a police sting:"He was not arrested when Khyam and the others were picked up but the security services kept him under surveillance and finally lured him into a trap using undercover officers posing as Muslim arms dealers".

    He pleaded guilty and was jailed for nine years but details were kept secret because of his links to the defendants".

    Interestingly, a supergrass provided evidence which led to the sentencing:the BBC reported that "the prosecution's star witness, Mohammed Babar, told the Old Bailey Rahman was the head of a cell in east London". Is this the same Junaid Babar who served as supergrass in the Fertiliser trial?

    A further odd aspect is the inconsistency in media reports. For example the BBC report cites that Junaid Babar "while in Pakistan [after 9/11], [he] gave a series of interviews to journalists including one with Channel Five, in which he vowed to kill US troops who entered Afghanistan"; however The Guardian on the other hand notes that it too conducted reports in the same period - but not with Junaid Babar, but with Nur Rahman:"it also emerged that Rahman had been interviewed by a British TV reporter in Lahore, Pakistan in October 2001 and had spoken of Muslim volunteers from the UK fighting British troops in Afghanistan".

    The trial revealed that "in 1995 Rahman was arrested and charged in connection with the death of Ayotunde Obanubi, a Nigerian student who was stabbed to death outside Newham College in east London"; charges were subsequently dropped but two other men involved were convicted.

    Rahman jailed for 9 years BBC 30th November and

    BBC 5th December 2005 and BBC 30th November and

    BBC 30th April 2007

    The Guardian, 30th April 2007

    26th November 2005 Male, aged 25, later named as Rauf Abdullah Muhammad South East London On 26th November, The Scotsman reported that the charge relates to making 'a record of information of a kind likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism'. ....Police said the man 'on a date unknown prior to 26/01/05 without reasonable excuse he made a record of information of a kind likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism, contrary to S58(1) of the Terrorism Act 2000'".

    On 23rd August 2006, The Times, reporting on the trial stated that "The prosecution claims that Mr Mohammad drove around London making a film showing “high-profile targets” to help Islamic terrorists to plan and carry out an attack on the capital. His friend, Maz Ibrahim, 25, a British Sudanese, yesterday gave evidence for the defence, saying that he was the unseen man holding a camcorder whose voice was recorded in Arabic saying: 'Rauf is planning a bombing operation.'

    On 30th August 2006, The Guardian reported that Raouf, an Iraqi asylum seeker "was cleared yesterday of making a video identifying potential terrorist targets in London...The crown had alleged the video was a film of "high-profile targets" made to help Islamist terrorists plot and commit an attack on the capital. But the jury, with their not guilty verdicts, appeared to accept Mr Mohammad's case that the hour-long film was a souvenir of his time in London. It emerged during the trial that the Home Office had attempted to deport Mr Mohammad, who first applied for asylum in the UK in 2000 after fleeing Saddam Hussein's regime. The government sought his deportation, claiming he had returned to Iraq following Saddam's fall to support the insurgency in his homeland. When he later came back to the UK, it claimed he was meeting like-minded insurgents in Britain, all allegations denied by Mr Mohammad. With his acquittal yesterday, the Home Office cannot order his deportation on the basis of a criminal conviction, but it appears the government may continue to maintain a close watch over Mr Mohammad. Sources told the Guardian that contingency plans were in place and an assessment would be made to see if a control order was necessary following his acquittal". Scotsman, 26th November 2005 and

    The Times, 23rd August 2006 and

    The Guardian, 30th August 2006

    23rd October 2005 Male, aged 27, later named as Imran Patel West Yorkshire Reuters reports that the man was arrested "on suspicion of the commission, preparation or instigation of terrorism" and according to a Met Police statement "the arrest is made in connection with the ongoing investigation into the four bomb attacks in London on July 7 and comments alleged to have been made to a national newspaper". The newspaper is the News of the World. The 'scoop' was headlines stuff for the paper. On 11 November 2005 the Private Eye disclosed, "Another victory for News of the World fake sheikh Mazhar Mahmood, who, for one reason or other, is seeing an increasing number of his scoops resulting in police investigations these days....Imran Patel, "a fanatic who has had arms training in Pakistan", told Mahmood that he had been "groomed" to be the fifth suicide bomber in London on 7 July before getting cold feet and pulling out. As is the usual routine, News of the World handed its dossier on Patel to the Anti-Terrorism squad, who obigingly arrested him on the Saturday evening....questioning him at length and rather less obligingly, charging him with wasting police time. So how did the paper deal deal with this fascinating postscript to its tale the following Sunday? Did it reassure readers that there was in fact no need to worry about the dire warnings of primed fanatics in their midst it has spread over 1000 words the week before? Er, it did not print another word on the matter". Reuters 23rd October and Private Eye No. 1145 (11 November 2005)

    21st October 2005 Three men, unnamed, early twenties; subsequently named as Waseem Mughal, 22; Younis Tsouli, 22; Tariq al-Daour, 19, Kent and London (one arrest in Shepherds Bush, the other man reported to a Police station) Two were arrested in raids conducted by the Met's Anti-Terrorist Branch, "on suspicion of the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism under the Terrorism Act 2000". The Guardian (4th November) reported on the details of the charges: Waseem Mughal of Chatham, Kent - conspiracy to murder and cause an explosion, as well as Terrorism Act offences relating to the possession of articles for terrorist purposes and fundraising; Younis Tsouli, of Shepherds Bush - eight similar offences; Tariq al-Daour of Paddington - conspiracy to obtain money by deception and Terrorism Act offences relating to the possession of money for terrorist purposes and fundraising.

    On 24th April 2007, The Guardian reported on the trial proceedings at the Woolwich Crown Court, noting "jurors heard all three defendants were involved in inciting others to commit terrorist acts "wholly or partly" outside the UK by using Islamic websites....the court heard that Mr Mughal helped to produce written material in English calling on Muslims to join the fighting by spreading al-Qaida's propaganda....the south-east London court was told that Moroccan-born Mr Tsouli and British-born Mr Mughal were part of a conspiracy to murder people in Bosnia. The pair became involved in an agreement to commit murder with two Bosnian men who were arrested in October 2005, the court heard". The Prosecutor claimed that possession of videos "showed the defendants' support for the extremist ideology and desire to promote holy war". The men deny a number of charges under the Terrorism Act 2000, including inciting another person to commit an act of terrorism wholly or partly outside the United Kingdom which would, if committed in England and Wales, constitute murder. Tsouli and Mughal also deny conspiracy to murder.

    Not known Daily Telegraph 22nd October

    The Guardian 4th November

    The Guardian 24th April 2005/A>

    10th October 2005 Ten men, unnamed Three men arrested in Croydon, four in Wolverhampton and three in Derby. One subsequently released. The Times (10th October 2005) reports, "a Scotland Yard spokesman said the ten men, aged between 20 and 30, were arrested on suspicion of the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism under the Terrorism Act (2000)". The Times reported "The men, most of whom are thought to be Iraqi refugees living in the UK, are suspected of having ties to a group linked to alQaeda. The group is reported to have been plotting a wave of car bomb attacks across Britain and Europe....Security sources claim that police have intercepted information hinting that further atrocities were being planned for London and other UK cities using cars packed with explosives. The intended targets have not been revealed". The Observer on 16th October reported that all men had been released without charge on terrorism charges. Some have been held for immigration irregularities.

    However on 30th June 2006, The Guardian reported that 6 of the persons arrested, who have not been named, "were placed under the most restrictive control orders issued since they were introduced in February last year: "All of them are Iraqis but there was not enough evidence to charge them. Instead, they were subject to the control orders, which were signed on the authority of the home secretary after a review of security and intelligence reports. The orders placed them under 18-hour curfews, amounting to virtual house arrest in one-bedroom flats.Security sources said last night that the arrests last year came as the men were believed to be in the final stages of planning bomb attacks. They had been seized after a long-term joint police and MI5 surveillance and intelligence operation....But sources said it was not clear what the plot was, when it was planned for, or what the targets were. Security and intelligence officials have long been concerned about the impact of the conflict in Iraq on potential Islamist extremists in Britain".

    The Times, 10th October and

    BBC and

    The Times, 10th October and

    The Guardian, 30th June 2006

    29th September 2005 Mr Wolfgang Labour Party Conference, Brigton 82 year old Labour Party veteran, Mr Wolfgang was expelled from the hall for heckling Foreign Secretary Jack Straw, and then prevented from returning under Section 44 of the Prevention of Terrorism Act No charges pressed - receives apology The Guardian, 29th September 2005

    23rd September 2005 One male, Asian appearance, not named Manchester airport Reports that a "man [had been] seen acting suspiciously in the apron area" was arrested. Police used a Taser gun "to pacify the suspect". Not known The Guardian, 23 September 2005

    16th August 2005 two women (aged 48 & 27) & two men (aged 48 & 23), not named Manchester airport Arrested under section 15,Terrorism Act 2000: "providing money or other property suspected of being used for the purpose of terrorism". Women released 17th August; men remain under detention. The ages of those involved suggests a family - parents and a daughter and son on their way for a summer holiday The Guardian, 18th August 2005

    The Scotsman, 18th August 2005

    17th August 2005 One man 23, not named near Folkesone, Kent Arrested on suspicion of possessing property to be used for the purpose of terrorism. In custody Bloomberg, 17th August 2005

    8th August 2005 Haroon Rashid Aswat Northolt air base Arrested after deportation from Zambia. The Guardian (8th August) reports, "He is not facing any allegations in relation to either the July 7 bomb attacks or the July 21 failed attacks but is wanted in the US over allegations that he conspired to set up a terror training camp in Oregon. The warrants issued in US the allege that in 1999-2000 he conspired with others to "control and manage an association of persons in Bly, Oregon, who would be organised and trained ... [or] equipped ... for the purpose of enabling them to be employed for the use or display of physical force in promoting a political object, namely ... to fight jihad in, Afghanistan". The Times reports, "He arrived at RAF Northolt last night and was driven to Paddington Green High Security Police Station in London. The extradition warrant was issued by Bow Street Magistrates’ Court on behalf of the US authorities". On 11th August the Guardian reported that after a hearing at Bow Street magistrates court Rawat was remanded in custody till 8th September. Extradition hearings commenced on 3rd November 2005 in the court of Judge Timothy Workman.

    On 30th November 2006, press reports indicated that Aswat had lost his high court battle to avoid extradition. The Extradition Act 2003 included a clause allowing the Home Secretary to certify any other Country as being exempt from producing evidence or establishing a case for extradition. The then Home Secretary David Blunkett immediately declared US as the exempt country.

    The Guardian, 8th August 2005

    The Times, 8th August 2005

    The Guardian, 11th August 2005 and

    The Guardian, 30th November 2006

    22nd July 2005 Girma Belay Stockwell, South London The Guardian reports: 'Mr Belay, 52, an Ethiopian refugee who has lived in London for 12 years, believes he is lucky to be alive. Hours before his arrest at a friend's flat, armed police had mistakenly shot dead Jean Charles de Menezes, less than a mile away at Stockwell tube station. It was the day after the July 21 attacks and tensions were high."I was just sitting at the table," Mr Belay told the Guardian. "I heard this shouting, a lot of shouting and the words, 'Get in, get out, get in.' "There were lots of them. They shouted at me to stand up, then lie on the floor face down. The laser was on me, then I am in the corridor and they tell me to take off my trousers. I said, 'Yes sir, yes sir.'"Then they told me to take off my jacket and my shoes and then my underpants. I was standing there stripped naked....."I was completely naked, and then one guy, I will never forget him, he was not in uniform, he started punching me. I was held against the wall; I was naked, I kept asking, 'Why is he hitting me?' and he said 'shut up' and punched me again. He punched and kicked me like he was a boxer training on his bag. Then someone intervened and the punching stopped. "They asked my name, they asked my religion. I told them I was a Christian but I have stopped believing. They put my hands and feet in plastic bags and put me in a white suit. They put me in the back of a car. I was angry and that's when the tears started",'. Detained under Terrorism Act 2000; released after 6 days. The Guardian reports, 'Mr Belay understands police are doing a difficult job, but he wants a personal apology from the officer who beat him'. The Guardian, 4th August 2005
    27-30/07/05 Main suspects for 21/7: Muktar Said-Ibrahim, 27, an Eritrea-born British citizen; Yasin Hassan Omar, 24, a Somali; Ramzi Muhammad, 27; Hussein Osman, 27, a Somali-born British citizen. Additional arrests: Wahbi Muhammad, 23, and at least 14 others (including '5th man' Manfo Asiedu, (34)

    also arrested: Siraj Ali, 33, Muhedin Ali, 29, Ismail Abdurahman, 25, Wahbi Mohammed, 25, and Abdul Sherif, 30

    London: Muktar Said-Ibrahim, Ramzi Mohamed, Wahbi Muhammad; Birmingham: Yasin Hassan Omar; Rome: Osman Hussain; Sussex: 7 people; New Southgate: 2 men; Stockwell: 2 women & 1 man; Kennington: 1 man; Finchley: 1 man "According to sources in the Muslim community, intelligence about the whereabouts of Yasin Hassan Omar in Birmingham came from a Somali who knew the suspect".

    Man arrested in Kennington named as Ismael Abdurahman (3rd August 2005); two women from Stockwell are sisters named Yeshiembat Girma and Muembembet Grima (5th August 2005) - on 12th August both appeared in the Bow Street Magistrates Court and were remanded in custody till 17th November (reported in The Guardian, 11th August); Muktar Said-Ibrahim, Manfo Kwaku Asiedu, Ramzi Muhammad and Yassin Omar appeared in Court on 8th August and have been remanded until 14th November, when they will appear in the Old Bailey. One of the men arrested at Southgate named Siraj Yassin Abdullah Ali, charged with failing to disclose information about a terrorist and assisting a person who has committed an arrestable offence. Wharbi Mohammed of Notting Hill charged with same two offences; three men arrested in Brighton (Sussex) named as Shadi Abdel Gadir, 22, Omar Nagmeloin Almagboul, 20, and Mohamed Kabashi, 23,charged with failing to disclose information about the failed bombings of 21/7 (Section 38 of TACT 2000). Stockwell man named as Abdul Sharif, 28, charged on 11th August for failing to disclose information. On 22nd September 2005, Hussain Osman was extradited from Italy to the UK.

    On 3rd October 2006, the BBC reported that an 18-year old woman "had been charged in connection with last summer's alleged attempted bombings in London. She is accused of helping Yassin Omar evade arrest".

    On 15th January 2007, the trial of 6 accused commenced at the Woolwich Crown Court - sitting at Belmarsh. On the first day, the jury heard that "Yassin Omar's one-bedroom flat in New Southgate, north London, was a bomb factory, where the great majority, if not all, of the work required to make those bombs was carried out".

    On the second day of the trail (16th January) it was reported that five of the accused had been under police surveillance 14 months previously.

    On 20th February 2007, The Guardian reported that Yasin Omar made good his escape from London to Birmingham by donning a burqa.

    On 20th March 2007, further reportage on the trial indicated that the accused have persisted with their 'not-guilty' plea of conspiracy to murder and conspiracy to cause explosions. Muktar Said-Ibrahim has claimed that he had "no intention" of the bombs going off, and the event was "a fake suicide mission".

    On 23rd March the Times reported that Muktar had previous criminal conviction for indecent assault, robbery and attempted robbery:"In April 1995 he and an accomplice followed a 77-year-old woman as she walked home from Southgate Underground station. She was knocked to the ground and had her handbag stolen. Mr Ibrahim pleaded not guilty but was convicted by a jury and sentenced to three years’ jail. Later he was given a two-year sentence for a robbery and attempted robbery".

    At the trial proceedings it emerged that emerged that the defendants had been known to the authorities for some time. Ibrahim had been photographed by police surveillance officers while in May 2004 during a camping trip in the Lake District. On 9th July 2007, The Guardian reported that "in August 2004, Ibrahim was captured on surveillance photographs taken outside Finsbury Park mosque in London. In October 2004 Ibrahim was arrested in Oxford Street after scuffling with a policeman who intervened as he was handing out extremist literature. He was charged with a public order offence and was due in court in December 2004. When he failed to turn up, an arrest warrant was issued which was outstanding in February 2005, five months before the July attacks. In December 2004 Special Branch officers stopped him at Heathrow and questioned him for three hours before allowing him to board a plane to Islamabad. He and two associates were carrying thousands of pounds in cash, a military first aid kit and a manual on ballistics. The other two men are missing believed dead fighting jihad".On 10th July 2007, The Guardian noted that anti-terrorist police and MI5 were under pressure last night to explain the slip-ups.

    On 9th November 2007, 'fifth man' Manfo Asiedu admitted to conspiring to cause explosions.

    On 9th July 2007 Muktar Said-Ibrahim, Yassin Omar, Ramzi Mohammed and Hussain Osman were found guilty of conspiracy to murder. On 11th July, they were jailed for life, with a minimum tariff of 40 years each. On 21st Nov 2007, Manfo Kwaku Asiedu (real name Sumaila Abubakhari) was sentenced for 33 years.

    On 4th February 2008, The Guardian reported that after a four-month trial at Kingston crown court, Siraj Ali, Muhedin Ali, Ismail Abdurahman, Wahbi Mohammed, and Abdul Sherif were convicted of a total of 22 charges for failing to disclose information about terrorism and assisting an offender. Siraj Ali and Wahbi Mohammed were also convicted of having prior knowledge of the plot to bomb the London transport network.

    On 23rd April 2008 judges rejected applications brought by Muktar Said Ibrahim, Yassin Omar, Ramzi Mohammed and Hussain Osman for leave to appeal.

    The Guardian 31st July 2005

    BBC 31st July 2005

    The Guardian 8th August

    The Guardian, 11th August 2005

    The Guardian, 23rd September 2005

    BBC, 3rd October 2006

    BBC, 15th Jan 2007

    The Guardian, 16th Jan and The Guardian, 20th Feb and

    The Guardian, 20th March and

    The Times, 23rd March

    The Guardian, 9th July 2007

    The Guardian, 9th November 2007

    The Daily Telegraph, 21st November 2007

    The Guardian, 4th Feb 2008

    BBC, 23rd April Feb 2008

    29/07/05 Two women Liverpool Street Station "An eyewitness at Liverpool Street station described today how she saw plain clothes police swarm from the undergound station into the main concourse to arrest two Muslim women carrying rucksacks. The woman, who refused to give her name, said she saw eight undercover police enter the mainline station and pin the two women to the ground. She said: 'I saw a lot of police - about eight - running out of the Underground station. They ran up to the women. One had a muslim headdress on but I think the other didn't. It happened outside the Standsted Express ticket office. They pushed the girls to the ground - knocked them to the floor. Both had rucksacks and were carrying boxes" Released Lifestyle Extra
    27/07/05 One man, not named Luton airport, boarding plane to Nimes, France Muslim appearance Detained under Terrorism Act 2000; subsequently released Reuters
    27/07/05 One man, not named Luton airport, boarding plane to Nimes, France Muslim appearance Detained under Terrorism Act 2000; subsequently released Reuters
    26/07/05 Two men, not named On board train at Grantham Held on information provided by two off-duty met police officers Detained under Terrorism Act 2000 by Lincolnshire Police; subsequently released BBC
    22/07/05 Two women & cild West London An elderly Somali Muslim woman suffered a minor heart attack after under cover armed police allegedly pushed her when she tried to shield her grandson from guns they were pointing at him. 12-year-old Ahmed told The Muslim News, “I was in shock when it all happened. Three men jumped out of the car screamed, ‘stop’ and pointed the gun at me. That’s when my grandmother stepped in, but she was pushed away by one of the men. Then she collapsed.” Ahmed said the whole street was cordoned off as paramedics tended to his grandmother who was “panting heavily on the floor” during that time. Ahmed was separated from his mother who was taken away and told to change into “a white outfit”.

    “It was only when another officer started to question me that I knew they were police. He asked me ‘where’s your dad?’ And, ‘who lives in your house?’ I was alone when he questioned me.”

    “I think about what happened to me a lot, I don’t go out and don’t feel the same. I was shocked before but now I’m angry at the way the police treated us.”

    Khadijah Hassan, 74, was taken to hospital after she was pushed by the police on Friday July 22. She was walking with her daughter, Aziza, 39, and 12-year-old grandson, Ahmed Omar, from their west London home to a local mosque in Harrow Road, London, when they were confronted by armed plain clothes police....

    Aziza related to The Muslim News the incident: “Three undercover police jumped out with guns. They were shouting ‘put your hands up, against the wall, face the wall.’ They pointed the gun at my son’s head. When my mum put her arm around my son they pushed her against the wall. She walks with a stick. She can’t control her balance. The stick fell down and she fell in the corner. She started breathing very heavily. It is then that the police called an ambulance..."

    She said the incident had destroyed her faith in the police. “They have to do these things but why didn’t they come and knock on the door and look in the house?” “I just want to stay in peace. I just want to respect the law in the country. I want to be one of the British people,” she said. The family insist they have not had an apology or an explanation into the incident. Aziza has been in contact with her solicitor and is being advised to take legal action against the police. A spokesperson for the police told The Muslim News, “We find media reports into the incident disturbing, we have yet to receive a complaint but we will be looking into the matter.

    Released Report by Elham Asaad Buaras in The Muslim News, 26th August 2005
    21/07/05 One man Walking along Goodge Street   Detained under Terrorism Act 2000; subsequently released
    10/07/05 Three men, not named Heathrow Arrested at Heathrow airport under the Prevention of Terrorism Act Released without charge The Guardian 10th July
    12/07/05 No arrests West Yorkshire, believed to be Leeds area Guardian reports, "A West Yorkshire police spokeswoman said: "This morning in a pre-planned intelligence-led operation, Metropolitan police officers supported by West Yorkshire police officers carried out search warrants issued under the Terrorism Act at four residential premises in West Yorkshire and are currently at a fifth address." - The Guardian 12th July
    17/06/05 Four men; one later named as Shahirar Bahrami Barnet and Finchley, North London Arrests under section 41 of the Terrorism Act 2000; Two of the men were arrested in a vehicle in High Road, Barnet. The BBC reported that the arrests were " part of a long-running operation involving MI5, believed to be targeting an Iranian dissident group". However, in a blatant example of Islamophobia, The Independent noted, "The men were being questioned over suspected links to Islamic terrorism". It was left to a regional newspaper (Liverpool Daily Post, 24th June 2005) to provide a sequel:"Bahrami, 31, of Waterloo, was originally held under the Terrorism Act, released, but then re-arrested and charged with gun offences. He has been charged with possession of a prohibited weapon and imitation firearm and is on bail to appear before Bow Street magistrates on Monday (27th June 2005).Officers raided two houses in Barnet and one in Finchley, north London, and seized evidence. Three other men of Middle Eastern origin, aged 37, 58 and 63, were also arrested. They have not been charged but were bailed to return to a central London police station in mid July". Unknown BBC, 17th June& The Independent, 17th June& The Liverpool Daily Post, 24th June
    29/04/05 Zayead Hajaig Essex Arrested by anti-terrorism officers. He had been a student pilot in the US and had requested to be upgraded to fly airliners. Released on bail after one day's detention.Brought to trial in October 2005 at Snaresbrook Crown Court. He pleaded guilty to passport irregularities and Judge David Richardson said he accepted Hajaig had no terrorist connections and that he was "genuinely training to be a pilot". The Guardian and BBC
    29/04/05 Abu Bakr Mansha South-east London The 21 year old former market stall holder and pizza bar waiter was arrested on 24th March 2005 and five days later charged at Bow Street magistrates under s.58 (1b) Terrorism Act. It was alleged he "possessed a document, namely a piece of paper, containing the name and home address of a UK soldier - information likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism". On 23rd December 2005, Abu Mansha was found guilty of the charge in the Southwark crown court. Prosecution alleged that in killing a corporal decorated for actions in Iraq, Mansha believed this would intimidate the British public and British troops. The Guardian (23rd December 2005) reported that he was found in possession of DVDs that featured attacks on occupation troops in Iraq and "calls for Muslims to take part in holy war following the allied attack on the city of Falluja". Peter Clarke of Scotland Yard's anti-terrorist branch said, "Abu Mansha researched the details of several people. Put this together with other material, and it is obvious that he was involved in terrorist targeting". Items found in Mansha's flat included a poem that described George Bush and Tony Blair as "dirty pigs" and a blank firing gun "that was in the process of being converted to shoot live rounds". Mansha stated that the pistol was a souvenir. On 26th January 2006, Judge Nicholas Loraine-Smith sentenced Abu Mansha to six years, adding that had no doubt "others must have played a significant part" in the plot to target the corporal. Jeremy Carter-Manning QC, defending Mansha, described him as an "utter incompetent, young and inadequate". He said Mansha was educationally sub-normal and "was not in the real business of terrorism". Who then set up Abu Mansha? Case adjourned until 26th January 2006. Subsequently sentenced for 6 years. On 24th June 2006, the BBC reported that his solicitor Sara O'Keefe, "has hit back at media reports that he provided police with intelligence leading to the [Forest Gate] raid. This report also noted that Mansha was planning to appeal against his sentence "next month". BBC and The Guardian

    and Evening Standard, 26th January and BBC 24th June 2006

    1/03/05 Mohammed Ajmal Khan, Farzana Khan and Palvinder Singh Coventry All arrests by the Anti-Terrorist Branch under s41 Terrorism Act 2000. A number of premises in Coventry were searched. Ajmal Khan appeared in Court on 7th March 2005 (arrests were on 1st March) charged with membership of a terrorist organisation and conspiracy to fund terrorism - the organisation is believed to be the Kashmiri independence-supporting group Lashkar-e-Tayyaba, proscribed by the Home Secretary in March 2001. The others are charged with plotting to finance terrorism Mohammed Ajmal Khan - jailed for nine years after admitting "directing a terrorist organisation, including providing weapons and funds to the Lashkar-e-Tayyaba, a group fighting against India in Kashmir". BBC and
    The Guardian, 20th June 2006
    5/01/05 Anglo-Israeli Benjamin Lehman Heathrow Found with a pistol and live ammunition in Heathrow - passed all security checks on arrival! Acquitted Click here for details
    18/12/04 Unnamed Libyan man Darlington A Libyan oil worker returning to Tripoli was arrested at Durham Tees Valley airport under the Terrorism Act. He was questioned overnight, the BBC reporting that this caused him to miss his flight. "Concerns were raised when he checked in for a flight". The Police blew up his luggage. However "the electrical engineer's bags revealed no trace of explosives". Released without charge. BBC reference
    30/11/04 Initial report, 30th Nov: Unnamed man, presumed Somali; later identified as Mr Hussein-Younis Manchester At 7.50 pm armed policemen raided two houses in a terrace in Rusholme, Manchester. The Police spokesperson noted that "as a consequence of an arrest in Manchester, a number of addresses have been searched under the Terrorism Act 2000. The Independent (1st Dec 2004) reported "angry scenes erupted in the early hours of this morning as the local Somali community clashed with police who removed a disabled woman from a house in Heald Place to enable forensic officers to search....Local resident Mahmud Osman criticised the police handling of the situation...'the Police rushed into the house and scared everyone to death'". On 2nd Dec 2004, the BBC named the arrested man, Abo Bakr Hussein-Younis aged 24. He was stopped by police on Monday night (29th November) while driving along Cheetham Hill Road. He was fined for driving without a licence, but arrested because "an article was found that caused suspicion to be aroused". Four days after arrest and following questioning by anti-terrorism officers, Hussein-Younis was released. The "suspicious documents" found in his car - the basis for his arrest - were found innocuous. The Greater Manchester Police spokesperson said that there was no evidence to suggest Hussein-Younis was connected with terrorism. All other arrests made related to immigration offences. The Independent & BBC reference 1 BBC reference 2
    14/10/04 Unnamed man Wembley Currently being questioned by Scotland Yard under the Terrorism Act 2000.

    On 12th October 2005, The Times provided further details of the case of one MK. The barrister defending MK was fortuitously also defending one Abu Doha, and was able to spot contradictory evidence from MI5 affecting both men. The Times reported, "In a 'closed judgment' made in the case of MK, a suspected Algerian extremist who was deported to France last month, Mr Justice Newman said the 'administration of justice' had been put at risk. MK, 33, was arrested in 2004 because of his association with Abu Doha, an Algerian militant who has been charged in America in connection with the plot to bomb Los Angeles International Airport on December 31, 1999. Abu Doha has been described as Al Qaeda's chief recruiter in Europe.

    Among the allegations made against MK, based on intelligence gathered by the British security services, was the charge that he let Abu Doha use his French passport to travel to Ireland in 1997 and the Netherlands the following year. But during MK's secret hearing on May 19 this year, the Government withdrew the alleged passport violations after being shown evidence by Mr Nicol, who represented Abu Doha in a separate hearing relating to his deportation to the US.

    In an addendum to the closed judgment for MK, which was released today, Mr Justice Newman wrote: 'Had the coincidence of Mr Nicol’s instruction in both cases not occurred, the Commission would have been left to determine the question whether Abu Doha used the appellant’s passport, on a false basis.'

    'It is unnecessary to elaborate on the consequences which might have flowed had the Special Advocates not drawn the Commission’s attention to the existence of these documents.'

    Mr Justice Newman observed that the security services do not 'establish an evidentiary trail' when preparing material for Siac cases and criticised the Home Office lawyers for not preparing their case more thoroughly.

    Although he upheld the deportation of MK, Mr Justice Newman concluded: 'There has been fault on the part of the Secretary of State for the Home Department... the administration of justice in the Commission is put at risk if failures in connection with disclosures of documents occur'."

    Voluntarily returned to France The Times, 12th October 2006
    14/10/04 Michael Elgal Leytonstone Charged under the Terrorism Act 2000 and with possessing explosives and an offensive weapon In Bow Street Magistrates Court on 15th October The Guardian
    24/09/04 Four persons unnamed Brent Cross London Initially three men were arrested under s.41 TACT (suspicion of the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism) at a hotel in Brent Cross with a fourth individual detained later in the day. It is believed that the Anti-Terrorist Branch (ATB) of the Met acted on information provided by the tabloid 'News of the World'. The paper had claimed that an undercover reporter posing as a 'Muslim extremist' had exposed the alleged plot, involving payment of £300,000 for a kilogram of radioactive mercury'. The case came to be known as the 'red mercury case'. On 1st October 2004, one of the men arrested was released; the other three were named as Roque Fernandes, Dominic Martins and Abdurahman Kanyare and charged under s.17 TACT. On 25th July 2006 the three men were acquited. According to a QC defending one of the accused the case is estimated to have cost upwards of £1 million - before the trial had even started! The case would not have proceeded if the Attorney General had not given formal consent to the prosecution under the Terrorism Act 2000. Somalian-born Mr Kanyare remains in custody over immigration issues. The Guardian and
    BBC and

    BBC - July 2006

    08/09/04 Four persons unnamed Southampton Arrested under TACT; BBC News headline: 'Hampshire terror suspects quizzed'. no further information BBC
    26/08/04 Abu Hamza Al-Masri Belmarsh Prison Anglo-Egyptian held in Belmarsh since May 2004 on an extradition warrant from the US. Questioned under s.41 TACT and de-arrested on 1/9/2004 On 19th October 2004, charged as follows at Belmarsh Magistrates court:Ten counts of soliciting or encouraging people to murder non-Muslims; Four counts of using threatening, abusive or insulting behaviour with intent to stir up racial hatred or in circumstances where racial hatred was likely to be stirred up, contrary to the Public Order Act 1986; One charge of possessing audio and video tapes containing threatening, abusive or insulting material, which he intended to distribute to stir up racial hatred, contrary to the Public Order Act 1986; One charge of possessing a document containing information likely to be useful to terrorists, contrary to section 58 of Terrorism Act 2000. The first 14 offences are alleged to have taken place on unspecified dates prior to May 27 2004, the last two on May 27 2004. Abu Hamza's trial commenced with a blaze of publicity on 11th January 2006. To the Muslim community it appears that this trial has come to the fore only once there was a demand from the US for his extradition. A successful conviction will allow this extradition demand to be avoided and Abu Hamza retained in the UK. There have been several suggestions in Muslim circles and the UK press hinting at the useful role performed by the likes of Abu Hamza. When Abu Hamza and his gang took over the Finsbury Park Mosque in 1996, the trustees tried in vain for many years to have his activities curtailed (see the Guardian, 17th January 1999. According to one trustee, Mufti Barkatulla, "we tried to get him arrested but he is never apprehended. I asked Scotland Yard what they were doing. There was suspicion the police had another agenda". There is also the curious incident in Yemen in 1999, when five men, and Abu Hamza's stepson Muhammad Mustafa Kamel, were held for an alleged bomb plot - the newspaper also reported that the security agencies had been monitoring Abu Hamza's conversations with the ring leader Abul Hassan Mehdar. Apparently the Yemeni authorities had requested for Abu Hamza's extradition, but to no avail. His stepson was released by Yemen in 2002. Abu Hamza's role has more recently been elaborated as follows: "US authorities were exasperated at the way that Abu Hamza was allowed to preach to a large crowd of radical followers every Friday outside the Finsbury Park mosque. But for a British spook, this kind of weekly photo opportunity is worth its weight in gold, and probably far harder to find with Abu Hamza now in custody, pending extradition to the US" (The Guardian, 26th August 2005).On 19th January 2006, Abu Hamza offered a glimpse behind the veil: "I received a phone call [from MI5] and I said: 'Should I bring a bag?'. They said they just wanted a discussion. We talked about suicide bombers. They said they were not recording, I did not need a solicitor, they just wanted to know about me...They said that I was saying things they did not like, 'but you have freedom of speech'. 'We don't have to worry as long as we don't see blood on the streets." On 7th February 2006, the jury found Abu Hamza guilty of a series of charges of soliciting to murder and race hate. He was also found guilty under section 58 of the Terrorism Act, of possession of 'the Encyclopaedia of the Afghani Jihad". Justice Hughes sentenced Abu Hamza to seven years imprisonment. The Guardian, reporting on the sentencing on 8th February, noted that according to a former MI5 agent who infiltrated the mosque, Abu Hamza was allowed to operate by the security services as long as he did not threaten Britain's national security. "Both the agent and a close associate of Abu Hamza say the cleric was an unwitting informant on other extremist Muslims. It emerged that over a three-year period the cleric had met repeatedly with MI5 and Special Branch". The feeling amongst Muslims in Britain at the end of this saga is one of utter bitterness: as a result of a deliberate state policy, Abu Hamza was allowed to bask in the media limelight. Treated to scary images of Abu Hamza on their front pages for years, no wonder the first reaction of readers of the Sun or the Daily Mail is to regard the Muslim community as a threat to the well-being and harmony of Britain.

    Three further revelations on this "unwitting informant": apparently no attempt seems to have been made to puncture Abu Hamza's disabled war veteran image, even though the security forces must have known for years that his injuries were caused by an accident rather than combat (BBC, 21st November 2006). Secondly, in 1996, authorities of the Jameah Islamiyah school in Crowborough, East Sussex were approached by Abu Hamza for access to the grounds for a training camp. Bilal Patel of the school has stated that he sought police advice before allowing Hamza in and was told there was no reason to bar him (The Guardian, 10th February 2007). Now on 27th September 2007, 'David Rose', writing in the New Statesman recalls "MI5 also told me deniable codswallop in the febrile weeks after 9/11. At one lunch, an official insisted that the preachers Abu Hamza and Abu Qatada - now said by the same agency to have been Britain's most dangerous men throughout the 1990s - were "harmless rent-a-gobs" who might have a high public profile, but no hard links with jihadist terrorism".

    In February 2004, at a time when the authorities saw their pawn still performing a useful role, Abu Hamza was leading prayers outside Finsbury Park mosque and feeding a media frenzy. Hendon MP Andrew Dismore, ever quick to expand the charge sheet, called for Abu Hamza to be "thrown out" of the UK", asking why "the British people" were tolerating this man "despite his anti-Semitism, holocaust denial and hatred for our country and our society, from Her Majesty the Queen downwards". Rather than asking why the British people or Muslims were not doing something, the alarmist Hendon MP should have been directing his question elsewhere.

    On 29th November 2007 Sean O'Neill of The Times provided additional revelations on the extent to which Abu Hamza's activities were known: "Mr Hassaine began working for Britain in 1998, firstly for Scotland Yard’s Special Branch and then for MI5. His handler offered him £300 per month plus £80 expenses. For the next two years he produced weekly reports on Abu Hamza’s sermons and information on who was coming to meet the radical cleric". Rather than arresting Abu Hamza and nipping a problem sooner, the security agencies preferred to leave the honey-trap untouched, regardless of the flow of sensationalist images to the media and the difficulties this then presented to the wider Muslim community. Finsbury Park mosque provided - and continues to offer - a justification for a raft of Government policies to 'control extremism in mosques' - all based on one mosque and that too so attentively nurtured!

    The Guardian and BBC and BBC trial report 19th Jan 2006 The Guardian 7th Feb 2006 and BBC trial report 19th Jan 2006
    The Guardian 8th Feb
    BBC 21st November 2006
    The Guardian 10th Feb 2007
    New Statesman 27th September 2007
    Dismore on Abu Hamza, BBC 24th Feb 2004
    The Times, 29th November 2007
    19/08/04 Unnamed man Selly Oak, Birmingham Iraqi 19-year old arrested under TACT on suspicion of being involved in the 'commission, preparation or instigation of terrorist offences'. Released without charge but bailed on alleged deception charges. IRR
    03/08/04 Thirteen men including Dhiren Barot (aged 34), Mohammed Dawoud, Mohammed Naveed Bhatti, Abdul Aziz Jalil, Omar Abdul Rehman, Junade Feroze, Zia Ul Haque, Qaisar Shafi, Nadeem Tarmohahmmed, Matthew Monks Willesden, Luton, Bushey, Blackburn Arrest allegedly connected to 'intelligence' found on computer of Muhammad Naeem Noor Khan who was arrested in Pakistan in July 2004. Arrest claimed by Police to be part of 'pre-planned intelligence led operation'. Newspapers reported a planned attack on Heathrow.

    Dawoud, aged 19, was charged with the possession of forged identity documents and is due to appear in court in November 2004; Barot, Tarmohammed and Shafi charged under s.58 TACT; Shafi faces charges of having an extract of the Terrorist's Handbook; Matthew Monks was charged with the possession of a prohibited weapon and released on bail

    At a court hearing on 11th October 2006, Barot pleaded guilty to plotting "to murder people in terrorist outrages in Britain and the United States". The Guardian reported that he also "plotted to use a radioactive 'dirty bomb' intended to cause 'injury, fear, terror and chaos', in one of a series of synchronised attacks in the UK...Barot also plotted to blow up three limousines "packed" with gas cylinders and explosives in underground car parks in the UK, the court heard."

    Details of his early life provided on websites indicate an estrangement from his Hindu family and a variety of careers: "he wanted to do a course in hotel management but could not get admission anywhere. Later, He tried becoming a travel agent" (from a submission on He is due to be sentenced later in 2006. The Harrow Times on 19th October reported that Barot did not name any of his co-defendents as being part of the conspiracy.

    On 21st June 2007 the Harrow Times's front page story was on Naveed Bhatti, headlined 'Led astray in Al-Qaeeda cell'. Reporter Peter Law stated that Bhatti was sentenced to 20 years, but an appeal was underway. Bhatti's solicitor said the "highly inaccurate" reporting of the sentencing had caused added grief an danguish for the family. She is quoted as stating "Naveed's position in this case shows how cruel the 'terrorist' label can be when applied to many young men caught up in something they never fully understood - and would have recoiled from if acquainted with the full picture". Bhatti only discovered after his arrest in April 2004 that "he had been stashing research material" for Barot. According to solicitor Ruth Bundley, the appeal would be launched on the grounds of his mental health, the "clear evidence" of manipulation, and his "courage" in entering an early plea. She observed that her client had become "influenced by this man (Barot) because naveed was a shy and retiring person who lived with his family and did not have friends. He was delighted to have a friend, it was as simple as that. Naveed is a very devout Muslim and takes his religion very seriously, as do his family. But he is not idealogical and he did not share Barot's views in any way, shape or form". In the three years that Bhatti has spent in custody he has developed obsessive compulsive disorder, severe depression and has been suicidal.

    On 23rd August 2007 The Guardian reported that Muhammad Naeem Noor Khan "had returned home after three years' detention at the hands of Pakistan's intelligence agencies. His lawyer, Babar Awan, said that all charges had "gone with the wind". It was his arrest that had led to Barot. Guardian reporter Declan Walsh added, "Mr Khan, believed to be living with his parents in Karachi, is subject to speculation that he was an al-Qaida double agent, or had been 'turned' by the Pakistan's Inter Services Intelligence agency. But his release also comes amid unprecedented action by Pakistan's supreme court, which is pressing the government to locate hundreds of people detained without trial. One former intelligence official told the BBC that Mr Khan's story was a "murky tale" in which there were "no clear answers".

    Person from Willesden released without charge the next day; one of the men arrested in Blackburn also released without charges three days later; another two were released but then re-arrested on other offences.

    On 7th November 2006, Barot, aka Eisa Hindi, was sentenced for life. The prosecutor noted that Barot had prepared a presentation "for the consideration of the al-Qaida leadership in Pakistan for approval and funding for plans to acquire explosives, hazardous, radioactive, inflammable material for use in co-ordinated terrorist attacks". It has not been disclosed whether the results of Barot's psychological assessment were examined in Court.

    On 15th July 2007, Channel News reported that Barot, serving in sentence in Frankland Prison, County Durham had been subject to an inmate attack. It added, "The lawyer, Mudassa Arani, is repeating her calls for jihadi terrorists to be given special status within the prison system to protect them against such attacks".

    Man admits plotting terror outrages, The Guardian, 12th October 2006 and

    Man gets life sentence for terror plot, The Guardian, 7th November 2006

    Pakistan's release of al-Qaida suspect upsets US and UK, The Guardian, 23rd August 2007

    19/04/04 Ten people, including Rebaz Ali and Shadman Sofi Manchester, Staffordshire, west Midlands and Souh Yorkshire Kurds linked to an alleged attack on Old Trafford and held on suspicion of commissioning and preparing an act of terrorism.Reuters described the operation as a ‘major anti-terror swoop’. Four hundred police officers were involved. The Sun newspaper claimed a plot against Old Trafford – on the basis of information from an ‘an unnamed police source’: "if successful, any such attack would have caused absolute carnage. Thousands of people could have been killed." Three released without charge;Two de-arrested under TACT and rearrested on suspicion of other offences and bailed; one man released but then rearrested by the immigration service; remaining released but rearrested on other matters.



    02/04/04 Jaques Karim Abi-Ayad and one other Ipswich Arrested in connection with false documents, re-arrested the next day by anti-terrorist officers.Charges include copying documents and possessing documents relating to the production of explosives. Unnamed person bailed; Abi-Ayad in detention - trial date set for November 2004. IRR
    30/03/04 Nine men - Anthony Garcia aka Rahman Adam, Jawad Akbar, Omar Khyam, Waheed Mahoud, Nabeel Hussain, Nadeem Ashraf, others unnamed Ilford, Essex, Crawley, West Sussex Half a tonne of fertiliser found during searches. Khyam, Adam, Husain charged under s.57 TACT. On 31/3/2004 Mohammed Momin Khawaj appeared in an Ottawa court charged with 'knowingly facilitating terrorist activity in London and Ottawa.Ashraf 'de-arrested' under TACT and rearrested and bailed on alleged deception offences. Two other unnamed de-arrested under TACT and rearrested and bailed on alleged theft, forgery, deception offences. Others charged with conspiring to cause an explosion and trial awaited. Salahuddin Amin was arrested at Heathrow on arrival from Pakistan and charged on 12th February 2005 with "conspiracy to cause an explosion". He was brought to the Bow Street magistrates court on 14th February and remanded in custody until 23 February, when he will appear at the Old Bailey. After the hearing, Amin’s lawyer, Fariquain Shah, issued a statement on his behalf in which he claimed mental and physical torture by British, American and Pakistani intelligence authorities.

    21st March 2006 saw the start of the men's trial at the Old Bailey. The accused are: Omar Khyam, 24; Waheed Mahmood, 34; his brother Shujah Mahmood, 19; and Jawad Akbar, 22, all from Crawley, West Sussex; Anthony Garcia (also known as Rahman Adam), 23, of Ilford, east London; Nabeel Hussain, 20, of Horley, Surrey; and Salahuddin Amin, 31, from Luton, Bedfordshire.

    In his opening statement, the prosecution QC Mr David Waters noted that "the accused had played different roles in order to acquire bomb materials.Around 600g of ammonium nitrate fertiliser, which could have been used to make bombs, had been found at a west London storage depot in 2004...the material could have been used to attack 'strategic' interests or, more realistically, to kill and injure citizens of the UK". The Sun on 23rd March reported that "a key witness will be a supergrass who once supported the jihad holy war against Britain and the US". This was a reference to the Pakistan-born US citizen, Mohammed Babar, who has pleaded guilty in New York to various terrorism-related offences.

    On 31st March 2006, press reports provided further details on Babar's history: in 2002 he had been involved in assassination attempts on General Musharraf in Pakistan. "Asked why he was not being prosecuted for his role in the plot to kill Pakistan's president he said he did not know. But Babar later admitted that as part of his plea agreement with the FBI he had been assured that he would not be prosecuted for any crimes related to his part in 'any conspiracy to assassinate a foreign official from early 2002 to January 2003'."

    On 26th May 2006 The Guardian reported that the defendents planned attacking a night club in London. Their conversations had been recorded and was presented at the trial on-going at the Old Bailey. The court report includes the following conversation:"Mr Akber said, 'I still agree with you on the point that terror is the best way and even the Qur'an says it, isn't it? Yeah? I'm not denying that yeah'." Another excerpt, reported in the Daily Telegraph, further highlights the juvenile mentality that would be an easy prey to manipulation:"Our purpose is to defend the honour of the Muslim, yeah, and bring the Islamic state back because if the Islamic state were here then the problems would not be there."

    The hearings also revealed that within the group, Khyam was referred to as "All Together" while Shujah was called "Sportsbag". The cell's alleged co-conspirator, Canadian Mohammed Momin Khawaja, was referred to as "Undue Haste". On 16th June, the BBC reported that the security services bugged a conversation in which reference was made to crashing a BA airliner.

    On 15th September The Guardian reported Omar Khyam's testimony at his court trial: "On a family visit to Pakistan in 1999 he sought out and talked to groups active in Kashmir...he wanted to dedicate himself 'to helping Kashmiri Muslims, and go to Pakistan for military training'.In January 2000, aged 18 and studying for his A-levels, he ran away to Pakistan and joined an ISI-run training camp for militants in the mountains above Rawalpindi." [The ISI is the Pakistan Government's military Interservices Intelligence Agency]. The Guardian reports, "Mr Khyam said he did not think that two men he dealt with in Pakistan were members of al-Qaida, as alleged by the American supergrass Mohammed Junaid Babar. Asked by his counsel, Joel Bennathan, whether one of the men had ever advised him, or told him, to carry out an attack on the UK, Mr Khyam replied: 'No'."

    On 18th September, The Guardian, reported that Khyam had refused to continue to the cross-examination, stating:"I just want to say the ISI in Pakistan has had words with my family relating to what I have been saying about them. I think they are worried I might reveal more about them, so right now, as much as I want to clarify matters, the priority for me has to be the safety of my family so I am going to stop. I am not going to discuss anything related to the ISI any more or the evidence."

    Following Khyam's silence, the next accused to take the stand was Anthony Garcia aka Rahman Adam. On 26th September The Guardian reported that Garcia/Adam was an Algerian, who had changed his name because he wanted to be a model and Garcia "had a better ring to it". The Guardian also reported that "he told the jury the fertiliser was destined for Pakistan....Mr Garcia confirmed he had attended a camp on the Afghan border, but denied witnessing explosions there. He told the court he was of Algerian descent, but had lived in east London since the age of five and thought of himself as English". He too denies conspiring to cause explosions.

    On 22nd November 2006, The Guardian reported that Salahuddin Amin's defence lawyer, Patrick O'Connor QC raised earlier allegations of torture. Reporter Ian Cobain noted, "British intelligence officials may have colluded in the torture of a British terrorism suspect who suffered months of appalling mistreatment....the officials appeared to have forged a tacit agreement with Pakistani torturers". His QC observed that "the idea that they British intelligence] didn't know, in general terms, the practices of the ISI, and what was likely to be happening to Mr Amin, will be regarded by you as risible....his confessions were untrue". The report added that "Mr Amin was also questioned by British officials, and agents of the security service and MI6 must have turned a blind eye because they would have had particular knowledge of the 'notorious' way in which the ISI mistreats its prisoners'."

    On 29th April 2008, Ian Cobain in the Guardian provided further details of Amin's torture and noted: "MI5 can be expected to contest vigorously any legal claim that it is responsible for the mistreatment of Amin. The involvement of British officials in the torture of anyone, anywhere in the world, was outlawed by the 1988 Criminal Justice Act, which makes clear that it is an offence to 'consent to or acquiesce' in torture. The offence carries a maximum penalty of life imprisonment". Cobain also stated that "Amin's lawyers are planning an appeal against his conviction, and considering bringing a civil action against MI5 on his behalf, possibly for damages for assault, battery and false imprisonment".On 24th July 2008, Ian Cobain further reported that the Court of Appeal had rejected Salahuddin Amin's challenge against his conviction (and that of four other men - Omar Khyam, Waheed Mahmood, Jawad Akbar and Anthony Garcia) relating to the Fertiliser bomb plot. Lawyers are now considering an appeal to the European court of Appeal. The Home Office also stated that, "the security and intelligence agencies do not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone the use of torture or inhumane or degrading treatment."

    Note on Canadian connections: "The Royal Canadian Mounted Police itself delivered three tons of potential bomb-making material to a group that authorities said wanted to launch a string of attacks" -CBS.

    John Chuckman, retired Chief Economist for Texaco Canada, writing in the 'Asian Tribune' (Terror in Toronto or Tempest in a Teapot?, 10th June 2006) notes, "The known facts of the Toronto case are simple. CSIS, Canada's intelligence agency, identified one or more of these fellows on an Internet chat room about two years ago. This prompted additional investigation, and a group of young men sharing angry dreams was discovered. Finally, when a 3-ton load of ammonium nitrate, a fertilizer that can be used as a component for an explosive, was offered by the watchers and accepted by someone in the group, a wave of arrests quickly followed....While formal charges have not been produced and lawyers for the accused have received no discovery information, the lawyers were permitted, in a Darkness at Noon fashion, to read (but not copy) a synopsis of accusations which I understand is typically prepared by police. Apparently, such synopses have a history of great inaccuracy when compared to actual legal charges finally submitted in court. I believe that it was with this in mind and with the intention of alerting the thinking public to some odd stuff that a lawyer for one of the accused stood outside the court and recited some of the accusations. The points include a wish to behead the Prime Minister, take government hostages, blow up part of Parliament, and attack the CBC. Behead the Prime Minister? Doesn't that just sound like what you would expect from angry young men discussing violent fantasies in a chat room? How many pimply-faced young men annually express dire wishes for school principals, teachers, girlfriends' fathers or others with some authority? It may not be much of a legal charge, but it's great stuff for the press, and we've had the words cell, al Quaeda, and terrorism repeated countless times. There is not the least justification yet for any of these words. We must keep in mind that a group of unhappy young men can easily be manipulated by a clever intelligence agent or policeman."

    On 30th April 2007, The Guardian reported that Khyam and others had been sentenced to life.

    Significantly - in light of the sting revelations on the 'beheading plot' and the Uzi plot - the report continued: "As soon as the verdicts were returned at the Old Bailey, it emerged that security services watching Khyam had seen him liaise closely with Mohammed Sidique Khan, the ringleader of the July 7 group. He also met another of the bombers, Shehzad Tanweer. Relatives of some of the 52 people Khan and his fellow plotters killed today demanded to know why police did not act against Khan and Tanweer after they arrested Khyam and his six co-defendants in March 2004, a full 16 months before the July 7 blasts.

    Khyam and Khan met at least four times in England while Khyam was under MI5 surveillance and in the final stages of his plotting. On one occasion, agents even recorded the pair talking about terrorism."

    In a further report, The Guardian noted the role played by a 'supergrass', Mohammed Junaid Babar, "who was crucial to the prosecution case in the fertiliser bomb plot trial that ended today. He was the first al-Qaida supergrass to give evidence in a British court and provided a wealth of detail about activities at a camp in Pakistan, where members of the fertiliser bomb cell and 7/7 bomber Mohammad Sidique Khan received weapons training. Babar has immunity from prosecution in Britain after pleading guilty to terrorism offences in a New York federal court. Two of the charges related to the fertiliser bomb plot - he confessed to obtaining ammonium nitrate and aluminium powder for use in bomb-making....When Babar returned to New York in March 2004, he was approached in the street by the FBI and interviewed over four days in a hotel. He claimed that he cooperated with them because his wife was still in Pakistan and he knew the authorities were searching for her. He appeared before a US judge in June 2004 and pleaded guilty to five charges including "conspiracy to provide material support or resources" to al-Qaida. Defence barristers in the fertiliser bomb trial accused him of being a double agent for the US government. Babar's wife and child have been allowed into the US, and the family will have a new life under assumed identities when he is released from prison".

    According to BBC reports, in addition to Junaid Babar, evidence was also provided by "Mohammed Momin Khawaja, awaiting trial in Canada". The BBC reported that Khawaja "was tasked with building a remote-controlled detonator for the bomb".

    One 'Muhammad Babar also provided evidence in the Uzi machine gun trial of Nur Rahman. The same supergrass in two trials?

    What is also puzzling is that the BBC report cites that Junaid Babar "while in Pakistan [after 9/11], [he] gave a series of interviews to journalists including one with Channel Five, in which he vowed to kill US troops who entered Afghanistan"; however the Guardian notes that it too conducted reports in the same period - but not with Junaid Babar, but with Nur Rahman:"It also emerged that Rahman had been interviewed by a British TV reporter in Lahore, Pakistan in October 2001 and had spoken of Muslim volunteers from the UK fighting British troops in Afghanistan".

    For many in the community, the revelations of networks involving the 7/7 and other plotters suggest the UK activities form part of the dirty war involving al-Qaida and its adverseries; just like young upper class British men and women were recruited in the 1940s and 50s to betray their nation's secrets to Soviet paymasters (the Cambridge spy ring), so too were young Muslim men - many being fantasists and criminals - indoctrinated to accept the agendas of shadowy taskmasters and controllers.

    Also on 30th April 2007, the MI5 website confirmed that 7/7 bomber Sidique Khan had been recorded meeting members on the fertiliser bomb plot in 2004.

    The Guardian (1st May 2007) provided further details on the close proximity between members of the 7/7 gang and the intelligence services: "Two of the suicide bombers, Mohammad Sidique Khan and Shehzad Tanweer, were under surveillance by the security service, MI5, almost 18 months before the four simultaneous attacks that claimed 52 lives. MI5 officers followed the pair as they drove hundreds of miles around the UK, photographed them and recorded their voices. They followed Sidique Khan to his mother-in-law's home, made inquiries about his telephone, and listened to bugged conversations in which he talked about waging jihad".

    Some transcripts have been provided by the BBC.

    David Davis, the shadow home secretary,has urged Home Secretary Reid 'to think again...whether deliberately or not, the government have not told the British public the whole truth about the circumstances and mistakes leading up to the July 7 attacks'."

    The question now remains: what else is still unknown about 7/7, the role of agents provocateurs and the now numerous stings?

    On 2nd May 2007, The Guardian noted that "it also emerged last night that MI5 withheld key surveillance material from parliament. Six photographs showing Khan with terrorist suspects were not seen by a parliamentary committee investigating 7/7".

    The fertiliser trial has also raised questions of an "MI5 link to torture". The Guardian journalist Ian Cobain reported that "one of the men convicted of the bomb plot was arrested in Pakistan and interrogated there for 10 months while his co-conspirators were being questioned in London. Salahuddin Amin, a British citizen, alleges he was repeatedly beaten and flogged, threatened with an electric drill, shown other prisoners who had been tortured, and forced to listen to the screams of men being abused nearby....Under the 1988 Criminal Justice Act, it is illegal for British officials to commission acts of torture anywhere in the world, or even to acquiesce in the face of torture. The crime can be punished by life imprisonment. MI5 officials denied that they knew Amin was being tortured. They said there was no reason to suspect it was happening. Amin's lawyers dismiss these denials as laughable, given the ISI's notorious reputation for mistreatment of prisoners. His counsel, Patrick O'Connor QC, suggested to the jury that perhaps both sides in the so-called war on terror had come 'to share common standards of illegality and immorality'. Amin's lawyers are convinced that the reason he was held in Pakistan for so long without consular assistance was that British officials had decided that his questioning, under torture, should be coordinated with the questioning of his co-conspirators being held in the UK. Amin was eventually set free, told that he had 'been cleared in England', and allowed to leave the country. He was re-arrested as his plane touched down at Heathrow. Amin is expected to appeal against his conviction, and his lawyers are preparing a civil action against the British government."

    On 13th April 2008, the Mail on Sunday cited FBI Director Robert Mueller's statement on Mohammed Babar, who:"having admitted plotting attacks in New York, went on to give the FBI the tip that led to Scotland Yard's Operation Crevice, the 2004 arrest of seven men in Surrey who were keeping explosives in a garage and planning to blow up the Bluewater shopping centre and the Ministry of Sound nightclub. Babar gave evidence at their 2006 trial, where all seven were convicted, and later against the five convicted over the 21/7 attacks in London in 2005. 'He is a product of the plea-bargain system," said Mr Mueller. "He saw it to his advantage to reduce the sentence he'd serve...

    Omar Khyam, 25, the leader of the group, was found guilty of conspiring to cause explosions likely to endanger life between January 1 2003 and March 31 2004. Waheed Mahmood, 35, and Jawad Akbar, 23, also from Crawley, West Sussex, were found guilty on the same charge, along with Anthony Garcia, 25, from Barkingside, east London and Salahuddin Amin, 32, from Luton, Bedfordshire. Khyam and Garcia were also found guilty of possessing 600kg of ammonium nitrate fertiliser for terrorist purposes, but Hussein was cleared of the charge; Khyam was also found guilty of possessing aluminium powder for terrorism.

    Acquitted: Nabeel Hussain and Shuja Mahmood

    Appeal expected: Salahuddin Amin

    Postscript:Garcia's brothers, Lamine Adam and Ibrahim Adam, had been placed under a form of house arrest - via the control order regime - in February 2006. Lamine had been a London tube driver, but banned from work because of the control order. The brothers, together with one Cerie Bullivant - placed under the control order restriction in July 2006 - were reported on 24th May 2007 to have eluded the authorities.

    On 14th December 2007, Bulevent was acquited by an Old Bailey jury of seven charges under the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005 [his link with the Lamine brothers is not known].On 22nd February 2008, the High Court quashed Bulevent's control order. Bulevent stated that "Since the imposition of the first control order in June 2006, I have been subjected to the most extreme pressures which have thrown my life into turmoil. As a direct result of the imposition of the order, my wife has left me and my family and friends have become deeply distressed. Although I am very happy that this order has now been lifted, this draconian process and legislation is still continuing to ruin the lives of others and their families." Lib Dem Home Affairs spokesman Chris Huhne, noted that control orders "violated the basic legal principle that we are innocent until proven guilty". He added: "Control orders are a danger both to justice and to security since they alienate precisely those communities on whom we must rely for information and co-operation in tackling terrorism." The Shadow home secretary David Davis said: "We warned the government at the time this legislation was going through about the flaws in this system".

    IRR, The Scotsman; The Guardian, 21st March 2006; Lifestyle Extra - UK News, 31st March 2006

    The Guardian, 26th May 2006

    The Daily Telegraph, 26th May 2006 and Lifestyle Extra - UK News, 31st March 2006

    The Guardian, 26th May 2006

    BBC, 16th June 2006

    The Guardian, 15t September 2006

    The Guardian, 18th September 2006

    The Guardian, 26th September 2006 and

    The Guardian, 22nd November 2006

    CBS site for details of Canadian 'sting'

    FBI Director on Mohammed Babar, 13th April 2008

    Ian Cobain on Salahuddin Amin, 29th April 2008

    The Guardian, 30th April 2007

    on the same day The Guardian, 30th April 2007

    BBC, 30th April 2007 and


    The Guardian, 1st May 2007

    The Guardian, 2nd May 2007

    The Guardian, 24th May 2007

    The Guardian, 14th December 2007

    BBC, 22nd Feb 2008

    The Guardian, 24th July 2008

    18/03/04 One Man Folkestone-Dover Arrested after found walking along railway tracks. Line was closed while security checks carried out unknown IRR
    12/03/04 George Galloway Heathrow Arrested and questioned under s. 57 TACT about a speech he planned to give at an anti-war rally in Belfast Police apology obtained IRR
    30/01/04 Two people - Jaybe Ofrasio and unnamed woman Belfast Phillipino male arrested with a female nurse - charged with making funds available to others for purposes of international terrorism. Allegation that Ofrasio associated with Jameah Islamiah, Indonesia, and individuals currently in detention in Malaysia and Indonesia Nurse released. Ofrasio's lawyers challenged the legality of the detention in April 2004. In May bail was refused; PSNI seeking permission from the US to use secret CIA documents as evidence against him. IRR
    14/01/04 Wassila Alhibr Alwasila Heathrow Passenger in transit from Washington DC. Bullets found in coat. Initially arrested under TACT and then arrested under the Firearms Act. Jailed in April 2004 for nine months for holding prohibited ammunition, having no firearm certificate and possessing bullets without lawful authority. IRR
    02/12/03 Six people including Ahmed Boutouche Cambridge and East London Arrests made under s.41 TACT All released under TACT but re-arrested on fraud and immigration offences IRR
    02/12/03 Four men including Babar Ahmad Tooting, Wandsworth Arrests made under s.41 TACT - on suspicion of being involved in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism. Six homes and three business raided. Three released without charge on same day but Babar Ahmad held till 8th December, and then also released without charge. Babar alleged that he was man-handled and injured by the officers that raided his home. He said that he was denied proper medical treatment and Police doctors failed to keep legible records.

    The Independent Police Complaints Commission investigated allegations of Police mis-treatment, but the Crown Prosecution Service has decided not to prosecute for lack of evidence.

    The US applied for his extradition and he was re-arrested on 8th August 2004, its authories claiming Babar's role on web sites supporting various Muslim struggles against oppression, including the Chechen cause. The US also claimed that he was involved in setting up a 'training camp' in Arizona'.

    On 10th December 2004 Muddassar Arani, solicitor for Babar Ahmad read out a statement outside the Old Bailey Criminal Court refuting police allegations that Babar had resisted arrest on 2nd December 2003 - hence his injuries. In her statement she alleged that the police had made representations to Judge Walkman suggesting these were "old injuries". She said "now clearly, either a mis-representation were made to the Judge, at the time when the application for the warrant of further detention was obtained, or the officers are lying at this stage and there appears to be a cover up that is taking place".

    On 17th May 2005, a judge ruled that Babar Ahmad can be extradited to the US - under the Extradition Treaty 2003 there was no longer any need for the US government to prove to a UK court or even to the Home Secretary that there was a prima facie case against British citizens. However his case was forwarded before the Home Secretary for final approval of extradition.

    On Friday 9th September, lawyers acting for Babar were informed that the Home Secretary had applied for another two month extension for his decision. A petition with over thirteen thousand signatures has been delivered to the Home Office by Babar Ahmed's MP, Sadiq Khan.

    On 16th November 2005, the Home Office announced that it had decided his case met the conditions for extradition. Babar's family said they would appeal the order in the High Court.

    Hannah Strange of UPI, quoting Sir Menzies Campbell, Liberal Democrat shadow foreign secretary and an international lawyer reported:"This man's extradition is based on a one-sided U.S.-U.K. treaty which the U.S. Senate has so far refused to ratify...It is concerning that British citizens have less constitutional protection than their American counterparts, perhaps a measure of the extent to which our policy appears subordinate to the U.S." UPI also noted the statement from the Muslim Council of Britain that "this was a very sad day for all who value fairness and justice', and stated that Liberty,the human rights and legal organization, was currently involved in a similar case involving the so-called 'Enron Three', a trio of bankers appealing against extradition to the United States on allegations of fraud".

    On 30th November 2006, press reports indicated that Babar had lost his high court battle to avoid extradition under the terms of the Extradition Act 2003 (distinct from the Extradition Treaty). The Act was enacted without any discussion in Parliament and it also included a clause allowing the Home Secretary to certify any other Country as being exempt from producing evidence or establishing a case for extradition. The then Home Secretary David Blunkett immediately declared US as the exempt country.

    On 12th March 2007, a media report from the US was noted stating that "During an initial appearance Wednesday in U.S. District Court in Phoenix, Ariz., Hassan Abujihaad, 31, accepted removal to Connecticut, where he is charged with supporting terrorism with intent to kill U.S. citizens and transmitting classified information to unauthorized people....Abujihaad, who also is known as Paul R. Hall, is charged in the same case as Babar Ahmad, a British computer specialist arrested in 2004 and accused of running Web sites to raise money for terrorism. Ahmad is scheduled to be extradited to the U.S. to face trial. During a search of Ahmad's computers, investigators said they discovered files containing classified information about the positions of U.S. Navy ships and discussing their susceptibility to attack. Abujihaad, a former enlisted man, exchanged e-mails with Ahmad while on active duty on the USS Benfold, a guided-missile destroyer, in 2000 and 2001, according to an affidavit released Wednesday...In those e-mails, Abujihaad discussed naval military briefings and praised those who attacked the USS Cole in 2000, according to the affidavit by FBI Agent David Dillon. The documents retrieved from Ahmad show drawings of Navy battle groups and discuss upcoming missions". The report notes that Paul Hall was 'honourably discharged' from the Navy.

    On 3rd February 2008, the Sunday Times reported that Babar Ahmad's conversation with his constituency MP had been bugged. In a subsequent on 4th February responsibility has been apportioned to a Thames Valley police officer.

    On 5th February 2008, The Guardian noted that "senior Met officers are particularly worried about the accusation that they singled out Khan, a former rights lawyer who represented clients who had successfully sued the police." Babar has consistently claimed that he was kicked, punched and taunted.

    On 8th February 2008, The Guardian noted that "sources with knowledge of covert surveillance have expressed surprise that Ahmad was bugged by the police for a three-year period when no criminal case was being pursued against him". On 21st February 2008, Babar issued the following statement through his family:"Sadiq Khan is an honourable man who came all the way to prison to see me several times. I, a British citizen, was tortured by the Metropolitan Police in 2003 and have since been detained in prison without charge for four years. Is it really a threat to ‘National Security’ if I discussed this with my MP?".

    In March 2008, 'Private Eye' [issue 7-20th March 2008] provided information which corroborated some previously known facts but also highlights the UK authorities' obsession with keeping US on-side, even at the expense of abandoning due process and human rights values: "Mr Ahmad has already spent three and a half years in prison fighting extradition and accusations that he conspired to help Islamic terrorists via his website His 'crimes', supposedly committed in the UK, have already been investigated by British police who decided not to charge him with any offence. Belatedly, the US authorities have put on trial one of the Americans they accuse of being an accomplice; but the trial has only highlighted the weaknesses of the case against British-born Mr Ahmad, a former computer worker at Imperial College. In his own time Mr Ahmad ran, an Islamist website which preached that Muslims being persecuted in places like Bosnia and Chechnya should fight back. In 2003, British police raided his home looking for evidence of terrorist connections. They did not launch a prosecution but passed evidence to the US, where the authorities demanded Mr Ahmad's extradition. Though the website had been run from Tooting, it was hosted by an internet service provider in Connecticut. Under US law, said the authorities, soliciting support for Bosnian and Chechen 'jihadis' could be considered 'material support' for terrorism. The US affidavit suggests Mr Ahmad had two US accomplices. The first, a businessman who offered funds to the website, was interviewed but not pursued furher. More seriously, information from the Tooting computers showed that in 2001 an American sailor had bought two videos from which showed fighting in Bosnia and Chechnya. The sailor was an American Navy signalman who had converted to Islam and chanaged his name to Hassan Abujihaad. He had one of the DVDs delivered to him on board his ship the USS Benfold. Abujihaad also sent the website a sketch showing how the nine ships in his group would sail through the Straits of Hormuz in March 2001, with the observation that they were vulnerable to attack. This became evidence in the US warrant against Mr Ahmad, suggesting it showed a plot to attack the ships. However the ships were not attacked and no evidence has been presented to show that Mr Ahmad tried to arrange an attack. Abujihaad was dishonourably discharged from the US Navy in 2002. While his limited involvement with Mr Ahmad is central to the extradition warrant, he was not arrested until 2007. US authorities apparently felt that while the sailor's communication with helped justify Mr Ahmad's extradition, it was not enough to actually arrest Abujihaad. Hence his belated arrest last year".


    Images provided by Babar's father of son's injuries


    United Press
    The Guardian, 30th November 2006 and
    Miami Herald, 8th March 2006
    BBC, 4th Feb 2008
    The Guardian, 5th Feb 2008
    The Guardian, 8th Feb 2008

    02/12/03 Four men - Arshad Farid, Usman Choudhary, Umar Ijaz, Madasser Al-Hassan Dudley, Walsall and Luton Charged with receiving training in the making of firearms and explosives. Farid, Choudhary (son of the chairman of Dudley Mosque committee) and Ijaz also charged with receiving training in the making of CBW. Farid charged with possession of possessing manuals, videos and audiotapes for purposes connected with terrorism - s.57 TACT. Initially all remanded in custody. West Midlands Police returned £2,500 seized from Dudley Central Mosque after it was raided. Police thought the money was from credit card fraud for funding terrorist activity. The money was proven to have been raised by the local community. On 28/3/2004 police and CPS announced that charges have been dropped because evidence 'could not be prepared in time'. IRR
    27/11/03 James McLintock a.k.a Yaqub Mohammed Manchester Arrested under TACT Released without charge the next day. IRR
    27/11/03 Idris Haris Birmingham Arrested on suspicion of terrorist activity Released without charge two days later IRR
    27/11/03 Sajad Badat Gloucester Charged with conspiring with Richard Reid and others unknown to cause an explosion in the UK or elsewhere. Home Secretary Blunkett, without awaiting due process of law, immediately remarked that “it is the belief of the security and special branch forces that this person has connections with the network of al-Qaida groups. That is why he has been arrested under the Terrorism Act”. Quite correctly, Blunkett received a ticking off from Lord Falconer, the Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs, who has noted that “it is wrong to comment in detail in relation to the particular facts at this particular moment." 1.The Guardian (25th September 2004) reported that Badat had appeared at the Old Bailey by videolink from prison to deny plotting to blow up a plane and possessing explosives. The trial, earlier due to start in January 2005, will now commence in February.

    2. The Guardian (5th October 2004) reported that "Sajad Badat, 25, is accused of attempted murder and trying to destroy an aircraft. He has pleaded not guilty to British charges".

    3.On a hearing at the Central Criminal Court on 28th February 2005, Badat pleaded guilty to a charge of "conspiracy to destroy, damage or endanger an aircraft". On 23rd April 2005, Badat was sentenced to 13 years' imprisonment. The Guardian reports that "Badat was told he would have faced a 50-year sentence, but Mr Justice Fulford gave him credit for pulling out of the plot, renouncing terrorism and pleading guilty".



    The Guardian

    25/11/03 Six men including Mohammed Rida, Mohammed Khatimi, Mostafa Safi, Samir Adimi, Moureedine Mouleff Eastbourne and London Algerians charged with conspiring to defraud banks. Mouleff also charged under s.57 TACT for possession of items in connection with terrorism - batteries and a wire in a rucksack. Mouleff denied the TACT charge and walked free from court IRR
    03/11/03 Abbas Boutrab Co. Antrim Arrested in April 2003 as an illegal immigrant and detained for 6 months. He was then arrested under TACT after computer disks relating to al-Qaida and a training manual were found at a house he had been arrested. In October 2005, Boutrab was brought to trial in Belfast. The Algerian denied possessing 25 computer discs containing instructions on bomb-making downloaded from the web. He also denied possessing and collecting information "for a purpose connected with the commission, preparation or instigation of an act of terrorism". Defence lawyers at the non-jury Belfast Crown Court said the evidence against Mr Boutrab was "of such a tenuous nature that no jury properly directed could safely convict him". Mr Justice Weatherup said he was satisfied the trial should proceed on the terrorist-related offences. However on 25th November 2005, Boutrab was found guilty of downloading information from the Internet on bomb-making. An FBI agent, Donald Schtleben offered expert advice. Defence lawyers said that no explosives were found in his flat and no evidence was offered suggested he was in contact with anyone who could provide the material. Boutrab will be sentenced on December 19. On 20th December 2005, Boutrab was sentenced to six years imprisonment. At the time of his arrest in Belfast his alias was Fabio Parenti - Boutrab was also found guilty of possessing a stolen Italian passport. His first known arrest was for stealing a bag in Paris in 1992. Boutrab's deviant life is a direct outcome of the events in his country in the early 1990s. The middle-ground Islamic party, FIS, was poised to win the elections, but this was thwarted by a military coup with the tacit support of France. There was widespread dissillusionment and bitterness amongst the politicised young, many escaping persecution by taking asylum in Europe. The Guardian reports that Boutrab plans to appeal. IRR andThe Guardian, 25th November 2005 and The Guardian, 20th December 2005 and
    28/10/03 Four men including Muhammed Abdullah Azam Sheffield Policed raided three properties and arrested the men. All released without trial but two re-arrested and detained under immigration powers IRR
    25/10/03 Andrew Rowe Dover Arrested under TACT for possession of articles and information for terrorist purposes. The charges refer to a pair of socks attached with a cord and instructions on how to use a mortar. Rowe's trial commenced on 6th September 2005. Reporting on the case made by the Prosecution, The Guardian notes, "Mr Rowe, 34, of Maida Vale, west London, was arrested as he left the French side of the tunnel to return to Britain from Frankfurt, Germany, in October 2003. He denies four charges under the Terrorism Act, three allegations that he had articles for use in terrorism and one of making a record of information for use in terrorism". Mark Ellison, prosecuting, told the court, a "sock ball found in Mr Rowe's luggage was found to have significant levels of high explosive traces in it". A notebook found in his estranged wife's Birmingham flat allegedly contain details on how to aim and fire an 82mm Russian mortar - and the sock ball was ideal for cleaning a mortar bomb. Mr Rowe stated in court that he had used the socks has makeshift gloves during his period on Bosnia to unload explosives. The explosive traces remained because he had not washed the socks and thatat he had attached the cord to the sock ball so he cojuld hang it and use it when practising martial arts. Moreover the notebook related to his time in Bosnia. Mr Rowe was sentenced for 15 years Mr Justice Fulford, who noted, "Whatever your terrorist purpose was, its fulfilment was imminent". The Guardian, 6th September 2005andBBC, 14th September 2005andBBC, 23rd September 2005
    11/10/03 Maulana Yusuf Motala Heathrow Leading Islamic scholar detained on way to Umra with spouse detained for 7 hours and questioned under TACT No charges Salaam
    30/09/03 Eleven men London and Manchester Algerians arrested under s.41 TACT. One of the men arrested was reported as being a 'senior al-Qaida' figure. Outcome unknown IRR
    29/09/03 Three men: Amir Khan, Ramin Malique, Zubair Khan Dover Arrested under TACT after 'prohibited weapons' found. Dover port closed for 7 hours. Charged with the possession of prohibited weapons; released on bail on 1/9/03 IRR
    25/09/03 One person Tyneside Initially arrested in connection with firearm and credit card offences. Re-arrested on 27/9/03 under TACT Outcome unknown IRR
    31/08/03 Ishmael Kamoka not specified Lebanese found in possession of £6,000. Sun newspaper reported that he was being held under ATCSA at Belmarsh and that Police believed the money was for 'the purposes of terrorism' Detention without a prospect of trial IRR
    31/08/03 Alan Davidson a.k.a. Mohammed Kallem Ullah Glasgow Faces changes that he possessed equipment, allegedly a rifle, gun and fireworks that could be used in the 'commission, preparation or instigation of an act of terrorism. Outcome unknown IRR
    17/06/03 Shazad Ashraf Leyton Arrested under TACT (charged 6 days after arrest). He was allegedly found in possession of 'quasi military information'. Headline in Waltham Forest Guardian of 23/6/2004 On 23rd March 2004, when his case was scheduled for a trial at Southwark Crown Court, the prosecutor offered no evidence. Ashraf had been in custody for nine months at Belmarsh prison. He was given a 12-month jail sentence for possessing a false passport, but released immediately due to the time he had served. The trial judge observed that the case had a ‘bad history’: "This man was charged with a serious crime under the Terrorism Act and was then charged with a second offence. The prosecution case has shifted and changed."

    The Guardian

    02/05/03 Six people including Zahid Sharif, Parveen Sharif, Tahira Tabassum, Amar Jazira, Zahir Ahmed Derby Relatives of Omar Khan Sharif, whose body was discovered off Tel Aviv after an alleged aborted bomb plot. Six arrested in the UK under TACT: failing to disclose information that could have prevented a terrorist act, inciting an act of terrorism. Parveen Sharif, a teacher, remained in custody for two months before being granted bail. After a two-month trial Tahira Tabassum (wife) found not guilty. Others also released though CPS considering retrial.In their trial in October 2005, the prosecution has claimed - with reference to email exchanges - that Parveen encouraged Omar Sharif. On trial was also her brother Zahid, on charges relating to failing to disclose information on terrorism.On 28th November 2005, an Old Bailey jury decided Zahid and Parveen had not known of their brother's plan to attack an Israeli bar and could not have prevented it. Parveen was also cleared of inciting Omar Khan Sharif to commit a terrorist act. IRR and The Independent, 7th October 2005 and
    27/03/03 Eight men Derby Iraqis under TACT All released two days later IRR
    21/03/03 Three men - Azhar Ali, Wajad Majad, Abdul Malik Luton Arrested under TACT after they planted a fake device at the halls of Luton University. All pleaded guilty to conspiracy to place a hoax bomb. Each sentenced to two years. IRR
    18/03/03 Three pople including Jose Ivo Pestana Langley Green, Crawley Portuguese arrested under TACT after two home made bombs found in a flat near Gatwick airport Court hearing found that Pesana held a grievance against his former employers and wanted to plant a bomb on their premises. Found guilty and psychiatric reports required. IRR
    13/02/03 Unnamed person Leeds-Bradford airport Arrested under TACT for acting suspiciously Released without charge on 15/2/03 IRR
    13/02/03 Two unnamed men Heathrow Arrested under TACT near airport perimeter fence Released without charge the next day; one of the men was handed to immigration officials IRR
    13/02/03 Four unnamed men Langley, Berks. Arrested under TACT in a village under the Heathrow flight path Released without charge and re-detained by the Immigration Service IRR
    13/02/03 Hasil Mohammed Rahaaham-Alan Gatwick Venezuelan found with grenade in his luggage on a flight from South America. Charged with possessing an article for the purpose of committing a terrorist act. On 6th April 2005 The Guardian reported that Alan pleaded guilty at the Old Bailey to possession of an M26 hand grenade and transporting it on an aircraft. It noted that he had "a history of depression" and aimed to "help humanity and the understanding of the children of the world". Nevertheless, 'The Sun' tabloid paper covered the case with the headline 'Muslim's grenade on plane' - though it also reported that the explosive was "fifty years old" and "Police now accept Rahaman-Allan acted as a result of depression". IRR and
    and The Guardian
    and The Sun
    06/02/03 Seven people including Ali and Karen Serir, Fouad Lasnami Edinburgh, Manchester and Glasgow Arrested under TACT Karen Serir released on 8/2/03. Husband Ali Serir also released without charge but re-arrested by immigration officials. Campaigners successfully stopped his deportation planned for 16/5/03. Police stated that arrests linked to TACT arrests in Scotland (of 18/12/2002?). Fouad Lasnami charged under s.57. Three men released without charge; one further man handed to immigration officials. In February 2003, Lasnami appeared at Edinburgh Sheriff Court. He was suspected of being part of a plot to blow up the Scottish capital's Princes Street. However, the charges were dropped at the end of 2003. On 3rd November 2004, he appeared before an asylum hearing, fighting against deportation. IRR and The Scotsman
    06/02/03 Unnamed person Waterloo Arrested under TACT on arrival from Paris on Eurostar. The Sun newspaper claimed he was an Algerian national arrested through Franco-British security cooperation not known IRR
    31/01/03 Two unnamed men London Arrested under ACTSA. Not British citizens. Sunday Times revealed that two men were arrested in January 2003 after Italian intelligence passed a list of 17 Al-Qaida suspects to the Bank of England to trace and freeze their assets. Held at Belmarsh IRR
    29/01/03 Abdul Hamid Makdine-Djabar, Krimou Azzouz, Mourad Khif, 'K' Manchester Arrested in four locations in Manchester and taken to London for questioning. De-arrested' on 1/2/03 and then re-arrested and charged with possessing false documents. IRR
    29/01/03 Unnamed person North East London Arrested under TACT not known IRR
    22/01/03 R' (cannot be named for legal reasons) North East London Arrested under TACT, linked to 'Ricin' Plot Jointly charged with above under s.57 IRR
    20/01/03 Seven men including Q Finsbury Park mosque Arrested under TACT after high publicity dawn raid. Allegedly linked to 'Ricin' Plot arrests of 5/1/03. Q charged under s.57 and remanded in custody; three men were released and then re-arrested for immigration offences. A 40-year old man was released and then rearrested for possession of a CS gas canister and immigration offences; a 23-year old was released with o further action and was further questioned over terrorism related offences. IRR
    18/01/03 Three unnamed men Oakley, Glocs. Arrested under TACT after seen 'acting suspiciously' near GCHQ Released without charge IRR
    17/01/03 Three unnamed men Gatwick Detained by immigration officials while in transit; arrested under TACT the following da. Released without charge - to immigration custody IRR
    17/01/03 Two unnamed men London Arrested under TACT De-arrested' and bailed for criminal offences IRR
    15/01/03 Unnamed person Birmingham Arrested under TACT Released without charge IRR
    15/01/03 Unnamed man Manchester Arrested under TACT Charged with immigration offences IRR
    14/01/03 Three persons - V, Z and Unnamed Manchester Arrested under TACT allegedly linked to the Ricin Plot (5/1/2003). Police went to the address for two men for whom Home Secretary had issued deportation orders under ACTSA. PC Stephen Oake killed in fracas. V charged with PC Oake's murder and the attempted murder of four other Police officers; Z charged under TACT S.57; unnamed man charged under ACTSA
    14/01/03 Two unnamed men Tottenham, London Arrested after Home Secretary had issued deportation order. Released without charge IRR
    14/01/03 Unnamed person Birmingham Arrested under TACT Released without charge IRR
    13/01/03 One person London Arrested under TACT Released without charge IRR
    12/01/03 Six unnamed people Bournmouth Five men and a woman arrested under TACT allegedly linked to the 'Ricin' Plot (see above). Released; woman detained on immigration matters IRR
    08/01/03 One person London Arrested under TACT Released without charge IRR
    05/01/03 Seven men Wood Geen and Stoke Newington, Arrested under TACT. All charged under s.57 - the so-called Ricin Plot. Also charged under Chemical Weapons Act 1996 Six months later, when the charges were pressed, the two ‘ring-leaders’ - the Algerian brothers Mouloud Feddag Sihali and Samir Feddag were jailed for the possession of false passports – there was no mention of terrorism. Charges of conspiracy to produce a chemical weapon dropped for all. The Guardian on 13th April 2005 - after the lifting of reporting restrictions - stated that Kamel Bourgass was tried in June 2004 for the murder of DC Stephen Oake, and "found guilty of conspiracy to commit a public nuisance by using poisons and explosives but was discharged after failing to reach a verdict in four weeks of deliberations on a charge of conspiracy to murder...According to an alleged co-conspirator, who cooperated with authorities when he was arrested in Algeria, Bourgass was planning to smear poison on the door handles of cars and buildings in the Holloway area of north London." When the first trial ended, Mr Justice Penry-Davey sentenced Bourgass to life and ruled that he had to serve a minimum of 22 years. The second sentence is for 17 years.The acquited individuals were re-arrested in September 2005, leading to an unprecedented public statement by jurors at the trial. One said, "I was dumbfounded ... During the trial there were clearly different degrees of evidence against different defendants. But in a couple of cases, the evidence was so flimsy you couldn't see where the arrest came from in the first place. To re-arrest them seemed totally unreasonable".On 21st October 2005, the head of MI5, Dame Eliza Manningham-Buller, provided another piece of the jigsaw: in a statement making it clear that the British security and intelligence agencies accepted evidence about suspected terrorists, even though it might have been obtained through torture abroad, she noted "Questioning of Algerian liaison [security service] about their methods of questioning detainees would almost certainly have been rebuffed and at the same time would have damaged the relationship to the detriment of our ability to counter international terrorism". This was in the context of the Algerian "supergrass" in the ricin case, Muhammad Meguerba - suggesting that the evidence had been obtained under torture.

    On 27th July 2007 investigative reporter Duncan Campbell lifted the veil further with a tragic account of the fate of Mouloud. He arrived in the UK in 1997 to flee the violence in Algeria, using fake papers. He asked the first Arab-looking person he met for advice, and was told to try Finsbury Park, where there was a growing Algerian community: "I felt my heart open - all my worries are finished. There were a lot of people like me who had just arrived. In the evening, after the last prayer, it got converted into a sleeping area...The Home Office even used to send people who were new arrivals to sleep on the floor there. This was long before [radical Muslim cleric] Abu Hamza. There were all kinds of people there: people with girlfriends, people who drink, people who take drugs ... And when the time comes, you go in and pray".

    Campbell adds, "in the twilight world of the illegal immigrant, it is common to offer temporary floor space to relative strangers, so when Khalef said another couple of Algerians, who sold chocolate in the markets, were coming to stay briefly, Sihali was irritated but not surprised. One of them introduced himself as Sofiane. His real name was Mohammed Meguerba. In September 2002, Meguerba was arrested in Tottenham, north London, in a routine immigration raid. He had Mouloud's address in his pocket. The police came. Here, Sihali made another big mistake. 'I pretended to be my cousin. I knew he was a student and my brother had said he was studying nuclear physics - which turned out to be wrong - so I told them that.' Meanwhile the police found in the Ilford flat, hidden in a bed frame, a Safeways bag containing false passports. 'I had seen them and told Khalef to get rid of them as they could get us into trouble. He said he had but he left them in the bed frame. What an idiot!'.

    Sihali was taken to Paddington Green police station. 'I told them that they would find out I was OK but they didn't believe me." He was interrogated. "The light in the cell was on 24/7 and they turn up the air-conditioning at night till you freeze. Believe me, you shake in there. They interview you in the late evening and the very early morning. The doors are double-sealed. You are totally crushed." After nine days, he was charged with possession of items that could be used in preparation for acts of terrorism. Those items can mean anything - a false passport would do," says Sihali, who is frustrated by the current debate over extending the number of days that suspects can be held without charge. "They don't need to change the law so that they can hold you for 56 days or 90 days or whatever without trial; they already have a way of doing it by law, which is charging you with anything - anything. They don't really need more than one week - if they need more time, they should employ more detectives. What is happening now is that they are just rushing through all these laws as if it was a game. Meguerba, meanwhile, had been given bail and absconded to Algeria, where he was arrested. There he told the police - probably after torture - of someone who really was planning mayhem in Britain, albeit in a very amateurish fashion: another Algerian, called Kamel Bourgass. The police tracked Bourgass down to Manchester, where he tried to escape and fatally stabbed a policeman, Stephen Oake".

    Campbell continues, "He did not meet Bourgass until they were in the dock together. 'The people who knew him said he had a hard head - I don't know how you say that in English - the kind of guy who doesn't listen, he does whatever is in his brain. He's a mess. He changed when he was in prison, he started talking to people. He really felt sorry for what he did. He apologised to us, saying he was sorry he had got us into the mess. He really was sorry about killing the policeman - he really felt guilty - but it's a bit late for that, isn't it?'. Sihali was held in Belmarsh Prison from September 2002 to April 2005. 'It is a nightmare. The food was disgusting - we had diarrhoea on almost a weekly basis because they fed us out-of-date food. I couldn't believe I was in prison, the first time in my life. I would look at the ceiling and think, 'If I close my eyes now and open them later I will wake up back in my room'.'

    The trial lasted seven and a half months. The jury was out for a month before returning with a verdict. Only Bourgass was convicted...he had already pleaded guilty to two false passport charges and was sentenced to 15 months, which he had already served. When the government indicated that the acquitted men would still be deported to Algeria, some of the jurors contacted the Guardian and started campaigning against the deportation, saying that they believed the men were innocent and faced torture on their return. Five months later, Sihali was arrested again. 'They came around 5.30am, around 30 officers, breaking the doors, shouting, screaming. I started crying because I couldn't believe what was happening.' He was told that he was now being held prior to deportation. In May, however, he won his hearing against deportation after the judge ruled that he was not a security threat. He has applied for asylum and is waiting for his case to be heard. He is not allowed to work and is given £40 a week to live on. Local peace activists - and even some of the jurors who acquitted him - help him out. 'They are good people but it is a begging life,' he says. 'I want to work.'


    The Guardian, 13th April 2005

    BBC, 13th April 2005

    Salaam Ricin Dossier, 18th April 2005

    Jury members speak out

    Evidence tainted by torture possibility

    Duncan Campbell's account, 27th July 2007

    30/12/02 Three unnamed persons London Arrested under TACT Released; re-arrested for criminal offences IRR
    21/12/02 Unnamed person London Arrested under TACT Released without charge IRR
    19/12/02 Unnamed person London Arrested under TACT Released without charge IRR
    18/12/02 Abdellah Abdelhafid, Mourad Idir Abes, Karim Benamghar, Salah Moullef, Haim Ziem, Sofiane Lahamar, Hassim Ziem, Ghalem Belhadj, Kaim Ziem, Lasnan Lasnami Edinburgh (5) and London (2) Arrested under TACT, s.57 Released on bail March 2003. In December 2003 Crown Office decided to take no further action. In August 2004, a number of these men protested their innocence after it was revealed that their names were on a MI5 list of al-Qaida suspects. IRR
    05/12/02 Ten unnamed people London Arrested under TACT Released; six rearrested on criminal offences IRR
    03/12/02 Two people including Hassan Butt Manchester Arrested under TACT.

    In August 2005, Butt featured in an interview in the Prospect magazine,conducted by Aatish Taseer and his story was presented as the quintessential journey of a British Muslim into violent extremism. He had achieved noteriety when the media pictured him with a loudhailer calling for Muslims to attack the British and Americans. However in May 2007, the News of the World presents him as a "supergrass" - who "is about to become the biggest whistle-blower of all time— by exposing how the radical Islamic extremists operate". These would have included Muslims from Britain who responded to the Bosnian genocide in the 1980s.

    It notes that now he is "paranoid about being watched by MI5 as he moves from sleeping on one friend's floor to another's. But he's even more nervous about being hunted down by his former friends who believe they are fighting a holy war. A gang of thugs have already stabbed him in the street after he renounced their violent ways".

    Apparently Butt will be issuing an open letter to British Muslims in July "calling for an end to violence". He declares, "the moderate Muslims like the MCB aren't doing enough to stop people like Omar Bakri" - a view that would be music in those Establishment circles conducting a campaign of marginalising community representative bodies.

    The community's response is a weary 'yet another useful idiot' - someone who helped in conveying a stereotype when it was convenient, but later discarded when his usefulness was over.

    On 10th May 2008 The Guardian reported that Butt had been detained at Manchester airport by the regional counter terrorism unit - "Since his arrest, police have searched his home in north Manchester and two other properties nearby and two cars were last night taken away for forensic examination...He has claimed Greater Manchester police are harassing him over suspicions that he is secretly still a Jihadist".

    On 19th May 2008, The Times noted Butt's role as a useful provider of information: "among those to have praised Mr Malik’s [Shiv Malik, co-writer of Butt's 'Leaving Al Qaida'] past work on Islamic radicals is Jonathan Evans, the head of MI5, who described his investigation into the July 7 bombers as 'essential reading'. The Times report continued, "Mr Butt’s autobiography, Leaving Al-Qaeda: Inside the Mind of a British Jihadist, had been due for publication this month. The release was put on hold, indefinitely, when one morning in March the acclaimed writer who had helped Mr Butt with his book received a knock on the door of his North London home. Outside stood three counter-terrorism detectives who ordered Shiv Malik to hand over the unpublished manuscript and all his notes and source material relating to Mr Butt. When he refused, the police went to court and obtained a production order forcing Mr Malik, 27, to comply. The force is seeking to obtain similar production orders against the BBC, the American TV network CBS, Prospect magazine and The Sunday Times. Each has interviewed Mr Butt. All four are resisting the demands and will be represented at the High Court on Wednesday for a two-day hearing at which Mr Malik [Shiv Malik, co-writer of Butt's 'Leaving Al Qaida'] is seeking judicial review of the production order".

    On 21st May, Butt was released and the production order cancelled. Interviewed by Simon Israel on Channel 4 News after his release, Butt confirmed his 'useful idiot/agent provocateur' role over the years, during which he had not only claimed to be a prominent jihadi fighting for the khilafat, but subsequently assaulted for walking away. His tales were music to the ears of Muslim-bashers. Yet it was all a "scam", according to Butt! Channel 4 presented extracts from his Police interviews: "I have never met Osama Bin Laden. I've never met anyone from Al Qaeeda or anyone who even claimed be from Al Qaeeda at all in my entire life. I just wanna make that clear, but they did impress me..."

    He was questioned about being attacked by a knife by extremists: "I actually arranged for myself to be stabbed in the shoulder, sorry in my arm and in my back because I knew if I said I had been attacked Shiv was going to ask for some proof so basically I stabbed know, it was just part of the whole scam...". Simon Israel also noted, "Mr Butt's other claims included tea with Muhammad Siddique Khan, the London 7/7 bomber but at [Greater Manchester] Police interviews he said he did not know who he was until he heard the name in the media". Questions now need to be asked on how much the authorities knew about this 'scam', since when, and why. Butt was left to bask in the media spot light creating incalculable damage to the reputation and well-being of Muslims in Britain. Will David Goodhart of Prospect now apologise for the way his magazine contributed to the demonisation of Muslims? And why have the authorities decided to blow Butt's cover at this juncture?

    In February 2009, reporting restrictions were lifted on the proceedings of Butt's December trial in Manchester. These indicate that at one point, Butt noted that he had taken Shiv Malik for a "right patsy". The following dialogue also ensued:

    Andrew Edis QC, prosecuting: "So, you were a professional liar then?
    Butt: "I would make money, yes."
    Prosecutor: "If the money's right you'll say absolutely anything?"
    Butt: "Absolutely anything, yes...If I wasn't going to cash up on it, someone else was going to cash up on it."

    Shiv Malik states that he is now going to write a book about the affair - presumably titled 'And I was led up the garden path'. It seems not just by Hassan Butt - "I particularly want to look at Butt's involvement with Britain's security services" (Reuters' report)

    Also led up the garden path were many reputable names in the British media, including the self-reverential 'Prospect' magazine. In August 2005, it placed Butt on its cover, with the headline 'Dying to Kill'. A month after the 7/7 bombings, this article contained inflammatory sentences like

  • "Hassan Butt a 25 year old from Manchester, helped recruit Muslims to fight in Afghanistan. Like most of the London bombers, he is a British Pakistani who journeyed from rootlessness to radical Islam"
  • "I was reminded of Butt's cold hatred for Britain", "
  • " nation matters save the Islamic nation and its Arab culture. Butt spoke passionately about Arabia and wants to go there. ' the Arabic language will give me that key to have access to those things I don't have access to at the moment.' Again, that yearning for Islam to fill the gaps in his own identity."
  • "Butt is an ardent supporter of 'martyrdom actions.' Whether he will achieve the martyrdom he desires remains to be seen"
  • "Radical Islam draws recruits from many walks of life, but in Britain its agents are of a type—second-generation British Pakistanis. ...And when they are done chasing absurd dreams of caliphates, there is always martyrdom. "For me there's nothing bigger," said Butt. I met many in Beeston with his makings: small, rootless lives, seeking bigger things".

    What are the chances now that the Editor of Prospect, David Goodhart, will now apologise for building up the likes of Butt as celebrities and publishing such bogus material? Was there not a failure in responsible editorial oversight? The episode ought to be a salutory lesson for a type of British journalist more interested in Muslim-bashing, without checking the credibility of their sources.

    A salutory lesson too for the authorities. The Muslim media website 'Engage' observed, "So lucrative is the market for so called ex extremists, and so well courted are those that blame ‘Islamism as an ideology’ for terrorism, that the truth behind claims such as Butt’s are rarely probed or scrutinized. By placing the blame for threats to security on Islam and ‘radicalised Muslims’, people like Butt have allowed the government and neo-cons to deflect attention from its actual causes; the war on terror and British foreign policy."

  • Released without charge; detained again in May 2008. On 21st May 2008, Butt was released after a judicial review. The judges noted "lack of evidence" to justify the Police order. [He had been arrested on four earlier occasions by counter-terrorism officers – November 2002, November 2003, December 2004, October 2007 - each time released without charge.] Prospect, August 2005, and

    News of the World, 25th May 2007

    Daily Mail, 10th May 2008
    The Times, 19th May 2008

    The Guardian 21st May 2008

    Channel 4 News [select 'Watch again', for video of Wednesday 21st May 2008 - Part II - Moscow-Butt-Newsbelt]

    Inayat Bunglawala in the Muslim News, June 2008 'Hassan Butt, ‘al-Qa’ida activist or charlatan’?

    Al-Qaida fantasist tells court: I'm a professional liar

    ENGAGE website Reuters

    01/12/02 Unnamed Manchester Arrested under TACT Released without charge IRR
    09/11/02 Six men including Rabah Chehaj-Bias, 'W', Karim Kadouri London Arrested under TACT and linked by the media to an alleged plot to attack the Tube with poison gas. The ‘Sunday Mirror’ on 17/11/2003 reported, “A gang of terrorists with links to al-Qaida plotted to launch a devastating cyanide gas attack on the London Underground that would have killed thousands of people”. The next day’s London ‘Evening Standard’ cried out ‘Keep alert on the Tube’ warning of a poison gas or ‘dirty bomb’ attack. It referred to arrests made on 11th November of ‘terrorist suspects’ – three North Africans. It was also reported that officers from SO13 of the Met had leaked the news together with “embellishments”. . The ‘Sunday Mirror’ and ‘Standard’ headlines appeared a week after a Mansion House speech by Prime Minister Blair urging ‘vigilance to prevent a terrorist attack in the UK’. None of these men were subsequently convicted of any terrorist activities. Karim Kadouri was jailed for four months on 17 February, 2003 for possessing a fake French passport. No evidence was offered suggesting he had ever used it – he had been living in the UK for the last ten years Salaam
    24/10/02 Abu Qatada aka Muhammad Othman London Arrested under ATCSA. Long-term resident in UK Detained in Belmarsh. On 22nd March 2005 The Guardian reported that Guantanamo Bay detainee Bisher al-Rawi claimed to have acted as a go-between for the MI5 in contacts with Abu Qatada. Claims that Qatada had gone into hiding after 9/11 were therefore not credible. Al-Rawi states, "If Abu Qatada was such a danger, why wasn't he arrested before? I am positive the British Intelligence knew wherehe was, because I told them". There have been two earlier twists to the Qatada story: in May 2002 The Observer had reported that "the police are not the only ones who are confused. Rumours are starting to circulate that the manhunt for Qatada is not what it seems. In the tight-knit world of Britain's fundamentalist Islamic groups it is being whispered that Qatada may have changed sides. He might now be working with MI5, revealing the identities of terrorist cells across Europe - cells that he helped to create. If so, it would be a huge coup for Britain's embattled intelligence services"; in March 2004, The Guardian stated that "Abu Qatada, an influential Muslim radical alleged to be a key al-Qaida leader in Europe and jailed without trial, offered to act as an informant for MI5 on Islamist extremists in Britain...".

    On 18th October 2006, The Guardian repeated the suggestion that Abu Qatada was in contact with the security agency, in an article on Bishr. The Guardian report stated: His interrogations at Guantanamo have focused on his association with Abu Qatada, the London-based Islamist cleric who is suspected of being a spiritual advisor and fundraiser for an al-Qaida network, and who is currently held in Full Sutton maximimum security jail. However, the government now accepts al-Rawi was helping MI5 keep watch on Qatada and as a go-between with the cleric". The question now being asked is 'who is incriminating whom?'.

    On 26th February 2007 The Guardian reported that at a hearing of the Special Immigration Appeals Commission (Siac), Abu Qatada lost his appeal against deportation to Jordan. It noted that "in Siac hearings last May, Qatada's legal team claimed part of the government's case against him was based on evidence extracted by torture".

    On 30th March 2007 The Guardian reported the imminent release of Bisher al-Rawi from Guantanamo:"A British resident, detained at Guantánamo Bay as an alleged terrorist for four years, is to be released and flown back to Iraqi citizen, had lived in Britain for 19 years when he was arrested in the Gambia in 2002 while setting up a peanut processing factory with his brother. He was questioned and handed over to the CIA after information was passed to the US and Gambian authorities by Britain's security services....But it is now known that Mr Rawi from Kingston, south-west London, had acted as a go-between for MI5 and the London-based preacher Abu Qatada, who is accused of providing spiritual inspiration for al-Qaida. Mr Rawi was taken to Bagram airbase in Afghanistan - where he alleges he was tortured - and then to the US base in Guantánamo Bay in Cuba. The British government at first claimed that because he was not a British citizen, it was not able to provide any consular or diplomatic protection...Edward Davey, Liberal Democrat MP for Kingston and Surbiton, said: "Bisher al-Rawi is not and has never been a threat to national or international security. His case should be a lesson to us all that when you ignore natural justice, injustice follows."

    Five days later, Vikram Dodd in the same paper revealed further details on Jamal al-Banna - Abu Anas - who was Bisher al-Rawi's business partner in Gambia: "In 2002 Mr Banna, a father of five from London, was seized by the CIA and secretly flown to Guantánamo Bay, after MI5 wrongly told the Americans that his travelling companion [Bisher] was carrying bomb parts on a business trip to Gambia...It has now emerged that only days before Mr Banna's arrest, MI5 visited him at his home and attempted to recruit him as an informer, with the lure of a new identity, relocation and money. The Guardian has obtained this MI5 document in which the intelligence officer details, in his own words, that encounter". The MI5 officer's report notes, "Anas opened the door himself, in Arabic, I introduced us as Michael from the British government and Andy from Scotland Yard and asked if we could have a brief chat with him...Anas welcoming and apparently friendly; denies any involvement in extremist activity; concerned about being arrested or turned back when leaving for Gambia, or being excluded once outside the country; asks about progress of application for British nationality and possibility of a return of personal items seized during police raid last year, shows no interest in resettlement package in return for cooperation....I then said that, with the arrest of Abu Qatada, we would be able to focus more attention on other members and groups in the extremist community. Anas immediately said that he was not a member of such a group, although he conceded in response to my naming names that he was a friend of Abu Qatada. He explained that as a youth he had led a dissolute life but had then rediscovered Islam and had been to Afghanistan. It was there that he had met Qatada, whom he considered to be a friend; there was no way that he would allow Qatada's family to go without food or assistance during Qatada's detention. I again returned to the choice he had: if he chose to help us by providing details of all his activities and contacts, we would assist him to create a new life for himself and his family".

    Vikram Dodd quotes al-Banna's MP, Sarah Teather (Lib Dem, Brent East], who herself visited Guantanamo in a bid to pursue the case, "Ms Teather said: "Jamil el-Banna and Bisher al-Rawi were picked up and handed over to the CIA on the basis of the same faulty intelligence passed by British security services. Both men had been approached by MI5 to work with them. These cases reflect very badly on the British government who have used these men and their families as expendable pawns."

    On 30th July 2007, The Guardian provided further details on the so-called 'Muslim radical' Abu Qatada: "In Britain, another man detained as a terrorist, after false information from the British authorities was passed to foreign officials, has spoken out. Bisher al-Rawi spent four years in US custody, first in Afghanistan and then in Guantánamo Bay, after false information was passed by MI5 to the CIA. The Guardian first reported that Mr Rawi was arrested in the Gambia in 2002, before being rendered to two alleged torture camps in Bagram and then on to Guantánamo.

    He told the Observer and the Mail on Sunday he had been helping MI5 keep track of Abu Qatada, a cleric suspected by western intelligence of ties to al-Qaida, while he was supposedly on the run in the UK. Mr Rawi said association with the cleric led to his detention by the US, and that MI5 failed to help him for years.

    In an interview, for which he was paid, Mr Rawi said he had helped Abu Qatada to get a London flat after he went on the run fearing arrest after 9/11. He said he acted as a messenger between MI5 and Abu Qatada and met security service agents in a McDonald's on Kensington High Street.

    He said he was ill-treated on the flight from the Gambia to Afghanistan: "They put a harness [over his clothes], shackled and cuffed me again, fixing the chains through the harness. They forced me on to a stretcher and tied me to it so tightly I could hardly move at all. I felt trussed like an animal."

    In the Afghan prison, he said, he sat shivering in his pitch-black cell for three days. After a fortnight he was taken to Bagram, where the interrogation began. On the journey there, he said, they "really beat me up".

    The revelations have raised many questions - will the veil be lifted on Abu Qatada's role?

    On 10th April 2008, The Guardian reported that a Court of Appeal had blocked Abu Qatada's deportation to Jordan:"Qatada fled to Britain in the early 1990s after being sentenced to life in absentia by a Jordanian court during a terrorist trial in which most of the defendants claimed their confessions were false and had been extracted by torture. He was sentenced by a Jordanian court to a further 15 years in autumn 2000 in another bomb plot trial". Reports have also indicated that Qatada's full name is Omar Mahmoud Mohammed Othman.

    On 8th May 2008 the Guardian reported that Abu Qatada/Muhammad Othman had been granted bail:"The court's decision overturned a previous SAIC ruling that the government could rely on Jordanian assurances that Qatada would not be ill-treated. The Home Office is appealing against that decision".

    On 2nd December 2008, the Guardian reported that "Mr Justice Mitting ruled today after almost three weeks of deliberation, to revoke the bail of Muhammad Othman, also known as Abu Qatada and return him to prison while the House of Lords considers his appeal against deportation to Jordan". Commenting on this ruling, journalist Victoria Brittain observed, "...Othman has gone back to Belmarsh after a hearing held partly in secret and in which neither he nor his lawyers were allowed to know why the home secretary was asking to have his bail revoked. The one lawyer who does know, the special advocate, was not allowed to ask his client about what he has been told. As Othman's barrister, Edward Fitzgerald, told the court, something new must have happened in the few months he was at home on bail. And the stark fact is that he does not know the gist of what it is that is said of him.... Earlier this year Othman was released home on bail with a 22-hour curfew and extremely restricted conditions, which precluded him from having any contact with a list of people, or attending the mosque, or having more than one visitor (approved by the Home Office) in his house at any one time, or having any computer or mobile phone. He also wears an electronic tag.

    ...In October there was an all-day police search of their house, and various papers, videos and telephone Sim cards taken ...Mr Justice Mitting, sitting with two other judges in the Special Immigration Appeals Commission (SIAC) for two long days on November 12 and 13, declared himself 'entirely unimpressed' with the materials found, and quickly dismissed them in the open hearing. But what did he hear in the hours of closed hearing which brought him to his decision to revoke bail? We will never know, until MPs take an interest in the SIAC court and the special advocates system. How can Britain talk about justice in the wider world when we have institutionalised here a system for vulnerable refugees that is manifestly unjust?"

    On 18th February 2009the UK media reported that the Law Lords had ruled that Abu Qatada (Muhammad Othman) could be deported to Jordan. Solicitor Gareth Peirce has lodged an appeal at the European court of human rights. Victoria Brittain, writing in the The Guardian, noted "The law lords' judgment joined Othman's case with that of two Algerian men known as Mr U and Mr RB, whom the Home Office wants to deport to Algeria, and who, like him, have spent most of the last seven years in Belmarsh or Long Lartin prisons, or under the effective house arrest regime of control orders....The British security services and the media have successfully demonised these men, and in particular mythologised Othman as posing a super-danger to our society. No proof of any of the damning things repeatedly said and written about him has ever been produced. The fact that he condemned both 9/11 and the London 7/7 bombings has been conveniently forgotten. Since Othman's bail was revoked in December after a November hearing with secret evidence, he has been in Long Lartin prison in Worcestershire. The day he returned, access to gym and education facilities were withdrawn without explanation from those in the special security wing for Muslim prisoners. Othman's family visits were made in a special secure room where his conversations with his wife and children were taped....the casual racism that allows our society to treat these men's human rights as different from our own is an old cancer in Britain that we prefer to forget. We cannot afford to."

    Jamil el-Banna was released from Guantamano and returned to the UK on 20th December 2007The Guardian, 24th March 2004
    The Guardian, 22nd March 2005 and
    The Guardian, 3rd October 2006 and

    The Guardian, 26th Feb 2007 and

    The Guardian, 30th March 2007 and

    The Guardian, 4th April 2007

    The Guardian, 30th July 2007
    The Times, 21st December 2007
    The Guardian, 10th April 2008
    The Guardian, 8th May 2008
    The Guardian, 2nd December 2008 Victoria Brittain
    The Guardian, 18th February 2009 Victoria Brittain

    21/09/02 Two unnamed men London Arrested under TA for possessing 'an article in circumstances which give rise to a reasonable suspicion' of terrorism, and 'collecting' information 'likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism' - s57, s.58. Court appearance in June 2003 facing charges of conspiring to produce a chemical weapon - ricin. Charges dropped.
    18/09/02 Six unnamed men London Arrested under TACT on suspicion of fundraising for Islamic groups All released on bail in December 2003; two facing immigration offences IRR
    15/09/02 Four men including Muhammed Abdullah Azam Luton Arrested under TACT. Azam, a paranoid schizophrenic, was charged for possessing 'an article in circumstances which give rise to a reasonable suspicion' of terrorism - s57, s.58. Azam admitted buying books from the Internet in 1997. It was also revealed that he had been detained for 6 months under the Mental Health Act in 1999 IRR
    29/01/02 Mousa Mohamed, Salah Famtazi, Ibrahim Rachid, Walid Zamzam, Majid Mousa, Omar Mohamed Darlington, Redcar, Middlesborough, Hartlepool Arrested under TACT on suspicion of fundraising for Islamic groups In April 2003 Durham & Cleveland Constabulary concluded its year-long Operation Icebolt without bringing any charges. Individuals are now taking legal action for false imprisonment, trespass and assault. IRR
    18/01/02 unnamed man London Arrested under TACT. Detained for immigration offences
    17/01/02 Nine men including Farid Belaribi and Kais Hadi Leicester and London Arrested under TACT. Five released on bail pending fraud enquiries; three detained on suspicion of immigration offences; one released without charge IRR
    19/12/01 Djamel Ajouaou London Not a British national. Interpreter working for Gareth Peirce. Arrested and detained without trial under ATCSA. Returned to Algeria IRR
    19/12/01 Mahmoud Abu Rideh London Not a British national. Arrested and detained without trial under ATCSA Bail refused even though seriously ill. Transferred to Broadmoor Psychiatric Hospital July 2002. After a bail hearing on 16-17 December 2004, a decision to release him was made IRR; The Guardian 31st Jan 2005
    19/12/01 seven unnamed men no details Not British nationals. Arrested and detained without trial under ATCSA. Two 'returned' to home countries; 5 detained without trial. On 29th September 2004, The Guardian reported that one of the detainees - an Algerian - had been released from Woodhill high security prison - after three years. Kate Allen of Amnesty International noted, "the irony is that the home secretary's decision is, like the internment process itself, secretive, part of a shadow justice system rather than the rule of law".
    10/12/01 Adnan Abdelah Newcastle Charged on alleged transfer of monies under s.11 Acquitted but charged on immigration offences; deported to Morocco December 2002 IRR
    23/10/01 Yasser Al-Sirri Maida Vale, London US extradition order accused Al-Siri of providing money to Al-Qaida. Massive coverage in The Sunday Times Discharged from extradition order on 29/7/2003 after the Home Secretary 'was not satisfied that the prima facie evidence test was met'. IRR
    11/10/01 unnamed man Bangor Arrested in Snowdonia following reports of suspicious behaviour Released after 5 days in detention IRR
    01/10/01 Sulayman Zain-ul-Abdin London Arrested for allegedly raising funds for jihad Acquitted by Old Bailey Salaam
    01/10/01 unnamed man Waterloo Arrested trying to leave London on Eurostar Released IRR
    28/09/01 Unnamed man Gatwick Arrested while in transit from Middle East to US Released without charge then re-detained by the Immigration Service IRR
    26/09/01 unnamed men (x7) Suffolk Found concealed in a truck outside RAF Lakenheath, Suffolk Detained for immigration offences IRR
    25/09/01 Baghdad Meziane, Brahim Benmerzouga, Kamel Daoudi Leicester Arrested on charges of seeking to blow up US embassy in Paris. Daoudi was 'returned' to France. Meziane and Benmerzourga jailed for 11 years. In summing up, Judge Curtis said, "I appreciate that each of you has not personally committed an act of terrorism…". Given leave to appeal against convictions in October 2003. IRR
    21/09/01 Lotfi Raissi West London Arrested on request of FBI for being 'lead trainer' of the 9/11 hijackers. In custody for 5 months as Category 'A' prisoner in Belmarsh. Released. Judge Workman concluded "I have received no evidence to support the contention". Almost exactly four years later, it has been disclosed (The Times, 26th September 2005, report by Sean O'Neill) that the US authorities had not asked Britain to arrest of Raissi - solely for assistance in tracing him: "The FBI requests all available information on Raissi. The FBI requests that New Scotland Yard discreetly conduct a thorough background information on Raissi and confirm his presence in the UK. The FBI requests that Raissi NOT BE alerted to the US Government's interests at this time". The UK authorities decided to ignore this request and made the case a high publicity one - smashing Raissi's door down at 3 am and arresting him on gun point. The reasons for this heavy handedness - and eventual miscarriage of justice - are yet unknown, though it did serve as a signal to the public that the Government was on top of things and acting firmly post 9/11. A further example of the politicisation of police work?

    On 9th October 2006, The Times provided further disturbing revelations on the miscarriage of justice: The Independent Police Complaints Commission has opened an investigation into the conduct of the Anti-Terrorist Branch detectives who arrested Mr Raissi in 2001 and prepared the evidence against him....the IPCC inquiry is focused on an address book which, prosecution lawyers claimed before a district judge in 2001, showed a link between Mr Raissi and a senior al-Qaeda terrorist. The courts were told that the address book belonged to Abu Doha, who is currently in prison in Britain, and contained a telephone number for Mr Raissi’s former flatmate in Arizona. The alleged link to a known terrorist was relied upon by CPS lawyers to oppose Mr Raissi’s bail application as he fought attempts to extradite him to the United States. It later emerged, however, that the address book was the property of Abdelaziz Kermani, who has never been arrested, questioned or charged in connection with any terrorist offence. The book had been in the possession of Scotland Yard’s Anti-Terrorist Branch since February 2001 — seven months before Mr Raissi’s arrest. It was discovered in a North London flat used by Abu Doha in a locked briefcase containing Mr Kermani’s identity documents. It was clearly marked with his name and Home Office asylum application reference number. But police did not trace and interview Mr Kermani until January 2002, after Mr Raissi’s lawyers vehemently denied links to Abu Doha. Speaking from Algiers, Mr Kermani said: “That was my address book, no question.” The alleged terrorist link was one of a number of false allegations made against Mr Raissi. Prosecutors claimed in court that he was the “lead instructor” for the main hijackers who crashed aircraft into the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon. The FBI was said to have video material showing him in the company of Hani Hanjour, one of the hijack pilots".

    'The Quest
    for Sanity' (2002) and The Times, 26/9/05, 'Police blunder after 9/11 destroyed pilot's career'

    The Times 9th October 2006, Police 'exaggerated evidence' against British 9/11 suspect, by Sean O’Neill

    13/09/01 Omar al-Bayoumi Birmingham A business student arrested on suspicion of funding terrorists Released IRR

    Heat is on Mudassar Arani

    London solicitor Mudassar Arani is one of the rare band of campaigning Muslim solicitors - other notable professionals include Imran Khan and Aamer Anwar who have taken on clients facing anti-terrorism charges. Arani however is the only high-profile Muslim woman in this field who has donned the hijab - and also incurred the particular wrath of the Police, the media and the Judiciary. Her brush with the authorities dates to her defence of Sulayman Balal Zain-al-Abidin in 2001/2002. She lacks the polish of British-trained smooth-talking legal eagles and also makes unsubtantiated charges, but it is clear that she cares profoundly for human suffering and will personally identify with those whose voices are unheard. For example when Abidin fell fatally ill in December 2002, Arani stood up for his wife who did not wish to see the body exhumed. Arani mysteriously indicated at the time, "the day he went into hospital he said he wanted to see me about something very important. He said he had some vital information about the anti- terrorist squad, but did not want to discuss it over the telephone".

    When serving as solicitor for Abu Hamza, tabloids like The Sun carried unfair comment on her clothing, and even published readers' letters calling for her to be struck off the solicitors' roll and deported from the UK! She has found that at police stations such as Paddington Green, facilities offered to other solicitors' firms were being denied to her.

    In August 2007 Arani has come under further intense pressure: she is being investigated for sending cash to Ghanain Manfo Kwaku Asiedu, later convicted for his role in the 21st July attempted bombing. It is in keeping with her character if her intention was to alleviate the hardship of prisoners and offer some succour to those in the hard regime of Belmarsh Prison. In one eid card to Asiedu she noted, "May Allah make all the difficulties and hard times easy for you and may you all succeed in the trial which awaits you. Lots of Love". She also sent him monetary amounts between April and September 2006. In court, Asiedu stated that "I'm grateful that she's been doing it and I didn't think there was something sinister behind it.... I was happy receiving it and I appreciate what she did as at that time. I buy tuna, like 15 tunas and mackerel, milk, cereal, shower gels....In July 2006 I'm with Abu Hamza. I was in the same spur as Abu Hamza...he's been convicted he cannot buy... he can only use 12 Pounds... she told Abu Hamza to tell me that 100 Pounds is for him and 100 Pounds is for me...". Arani has denied any wrongdoing in relation to the allegations and believes she is victim of character assassination .

    Arani is not the only emotionally charged civil rights lawyer who cares passionately for those she defends. The famous Gareth Peirce has taken into her home released prisoners. During the trial of Gerry Conlon, Peirce faced the Appeals Judge with tears in her eyes, and has also remarked on the current anti-terrorism regime, "we are in a dire situation in this country, just looking at this country alone; our rights, particularly those rights I ought to know about, the rights of due process of the accused, have been torched. They have been burnt to a crisp!".

    Serious accusations are being levelled at Arani and the case ought to be closely monitored by her fellow professionals and civil society bodies like Liberty for any unfairness. During the Northern Ireland troubles, solictors defending IRA prisoners faced intimidation and even worse fates at the hands of police-protected informers - remember Pat Finucane and Rosemary Nelson.

    Solictors Carter-Ruck obtain libel award for Sheikh Rashid Ghannouchi - August 2008

    Carter-Ruck partners Cameron Doley and Athalie Matthews successfully defended the reputation of one of Britain's most respected Islamic scholars,Sheikh Rashid Ghannouchi.

    The exiled leader of Tunisia's democratic opposition obtained £165,000 in damages from the Al-Arabiya news channel, following its broadcast of a rolling news item which wrongly alleged that he was one of a number of extremist Islamic figures specifically targeted by British anti-terrorism measures after the 7/7 London bombings. According to Carter-Ruck, "the size of the award reflected the extremely serious nature of the allegation and the fact that the international satellite broadcast could have threatened Mr Ghanouchi's right to stay in the UK where he and his family have been granted political asylum. Mr Justice Eady also referred to the fact that the evidence before him demonstrated that mr Ghannouch was opposted to violence and terrorism".

    Carter Ruck newsletter, Summer 2008

    Solictors Carter-Ruck's yorker against false terror allegations - January 2008

    Carter-Ruck partner Adam Tudor and solicitor Isabel Hudson have successfully defended the reputation of two Muslim clients.

    Amjad Sarwar, from High Wycombe, accepted libel damages totalling more than £225,000 (understood to be the highest total for a libel Claimant in recent years), following the settlement of complaints brought against a number of national newspapers as well as Sky News, ITN and Channel 4 News. They had falsely suggested that Mr Sarwar was a suspect in the alleged plots to blow up a number of British aircraft using "liquid bombs" in the summer of 2006. These attacks would, if successful, have constituted the worst terrorist atrocity in British history. The newspapers all published full apologies to Mr Sarwar. In addition, a number of apologies were broadcast on ITV, Channel 4, Sky News and other television channels.

    In another case the complaint was brought on behalf of an entire family against Sky and Channel 5 news, which had erroneously broadcast footage of the family home in the context of a story concerning a police investigation into an alleged plot to kidnap and behead a British soldier. Despite the fact that none of the family themselves was named or even shown in the broadcast, the news channels were forced to broadcast very full apologies and pay substantial damages and costs to each of them.

    Carter Ruck newsletter

    Solicitors' bugging - Sadiq Khan, Gareth Peirce, Madassar Arani - February 2008

    In February 2008 it emerged that Sadiq Khan, MP for TootingSadiq Khan, MP for Tooting, had his conversations with constituency member Baber Ahmed been bugged by the police. This intrusion into the constituency affairs of an MP has prompted disquiet within the Muslim community and has also broken the so-called Wilson doctrine.

    Two solicitors that have defended Muslims detained under the anti-terrorism measures, Gareth Pearce and Arani, have also had their conversations with their clients recorded by police -the Guardian reported on 11th February 2008 quoting a 'whistleblower'. It was also reported that "Peirce, also the solicitor for Babar Ahmed, the constituent Khan was visiting, said she had written to the home secretary, Jacqui Smith, and the justice minister, Jack Straw, demanding to know whether any of her visits to clients in prison had been bugged. She has also written to the chief surveillance commissioner, Sir Christopher Rose, who is inquiring into the bugging of the MP. The court of appeal ruled in 2005 that a lower court should have stopped a prosecution where police deliberately bugged solicitors' consultations with their clients at police stations, even if the information gained added nothing to the evidence against the accused and even though the crime was a heinous one".

    Victoria Brittain: "The use of the media to create a climate of fear around Muslims in Britain is nothing new. Remember the tabloid frenzy over 'the Tipton Taliban'?" December 2008

    ...The use of the media to create a climate of fear around Muslims in Britain is nothing new. Remember the tabloid frenzy over "the Tipton Taliban"? These were three young men from Tipton who crossed from Pakistan to Afghanistan during the refugee crisis of late 2001, had nothing to do with the Taliban, but who suffered shocking torture during more than two years in Guantanamo. They were completely exonerated and released in 2004.

    Othman [Abu Qatada] and his family have suffered years of such crude demonisation in the media since his arrest under anti-terror legislation in 2002, and during the years since. He has spent most of this time in Belmarsh and Long Lartin, despite the fact that he has never been charged with any offence in Britain, much less tried. In October there was an all-day police search of their house, and various papers, videos and telephone Sim cards taken – a painfully invasive procedure ...

    Mr Justice Mitting, sitting with two other judges in the Special Immigration Appeals Commission (SIAC) for two long days on November 12 and 13, declared himself "entirely unimpressed" with the materials found, and quickly dismissed them in the open hearing. But what did he hear in the hours of closed hearing which brought him to his decision to revoke bail? We will never know, until MPs take an interest in the SIAC court and the special advocates system. How can Britain talk about justice in the wider world when we have institutionalised here a system for vulnerable refugees that is manifestly unjust? The Guardian, 2nd December 2008

    Stella Rimington: "Look at what those people who've been arrested or have left suicide videos say about their motivation...." October 2008

    The response to 9/11 was "a huge overreaction", she says. "You know, it was another terrorist incident. It was huge, and horrible, and seemed worse because we all watched it unfold on television. So yes, 9/11 was bigger, but not ... not ..." Not qualitatively different? "No. That's not how it struck me. I suppose I'd lived with terrorist events for a good part of my working life, and this was, as far as I was concerned, another one."

    Rimington hopes President Bush's successor will stop using the phrase "war on terror". "It got us off on the wrong foot, because it made people think terrorism was something you could deal with by force of arms primarily. And from that flowed Guantánamo, and extraordinary rendition, and ..." And Iraq, I suggest. "Well yes," she says drily. "Iraq."

    Jacqui Smith gave a speech this week on international terrorism which rather remarkably failed to mention the war in Iraq at all. I ask Rimington what importance she would place on the war, in terms of its impact on the terrorist threat. She pauses for a second, then replies quietly but firmly: "Look at what those people who've been arrested or have left suicide videos say about their motivation. And most of them, as far as I'm aware, say that the war in Iraq played a significant part in persuading them that this is the right course of action to take. So I think you can't write the war in Iraq out of history. If what we're looking at is groups of disaffected young men born in this country who turn to terrorism, then I think to ignore the effect of the war in Iraq is misleading..."

    'Former MI5 chief and spy novelist Stella Rimington speaks her mind - on Iraq, the 'huge overreaction' to 9/11, and why the secret service is much more liberal than we think', interview in The Guardian with Decca Aitkenhead, 18th October 2008


    Lord Imbert: "The recruiting sergeant for al-Qaeda was the invasion of an Islamic country by the USA and Britain and the fact that our troops are still in occupation...." October 2008

    ...I do not accept the argument that I have heard noble Lords making that asking for an extension of maybe just hours beyond the present 28-day limit of detention would be a recruiting sergeant for al-Qaeda. The recruiting sergeant for al-Qaeda was the invasion of an Islamic country by the USA and Britain and the fact that our troops are still in occupation. However, I concede that, if we continue to talk about 42 days' detention before charge as though it were the norm and not an exception, that will both confuse and help to radicalise some impressionable young Muslims....The senior police officers to whom I have spoken have assured me that the proposal for 42 days was not made at their request. Hansard, 13th October 2008

    Tazeem Ahmed - Radio 4 broadcast 'Recruiting Muslim spies', Tue 18 Dec - 20:00


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