Eyewintess: The UN Siege Of Sarajevo by Ibrahim Glightly
The Bosnians vigorously defended the route over Mount Igman, which was necessary to keep Sarajevo supplied. This road starts at Pazaric, then goes through Krupa, Lokve (where the metalled road runs out) and up the mountain, past the Winter Olympic Park, where there is a brief section of metalled road (although the serbs are now in possession of both ends) at Hadzici and Krupac. It then descends passed Hranicki Stan into the valley at Hrasnica, where it is metalled once more, and on to Sokolovici and Butmir to the airport, across which it goes into the Sarajevan suburb of Dobrinja...
The UN is currently threatnening the Bosnian Army with retaliation if it does not get out of the UN DMZ (demiliaritised zone) on Igman. However, it has done nothing about the Serb troops there, or the Serb armour it admits is hovering just outside it, but well within the 20Kms exclusuion zone...
We were driving oer Igman while Premiere Urgence were delivering that second convoy to Sarajevo, and were advised by NordBat (Sedish UNPROFOR) that Krupac had been mined, and we could try the small winding dirt track down to Hrasnica. This we did, reaching Hrasnica, and thence to Butmir and over the airport to Sarajevo, where we found out abour Premiere Urgence's fate. After that trip, we repeated the route over Igman, and went to Sarajevo regularly, advising various other NGO's of the route, and the fact that they would be fired upon by the Serbs, about 200m away, at the last corner going down into Hrasnica.
The UN constantly advised NGO's against this route, but we were successful enough at encouraging them that the UN had to start mentioning Igmsn route in their briefings, and put up large notices sayin, "Route to Sarajevo for UN vehicles" at Tarcin, and "Route to Sarajevo NOT for UN vehicles" at Pazaric.
In July, a BritBat (British UNPROFOR) convoy was attacked by the Serbs on that road. In the attack, one soldier was killed and another wounded, and a truck and a tanker were destruoyed as they came up to the last corner before Hrasnica, but as FreBat (French UNPROFOR) had closed the airport, we ended up leaving aid at the warehouse in Hrasnica.
The Serba then took to firing at the planes as they landed, and stopped the airlift for several weeks. It eventually restarted in October, and at the same time I was approached by several organisations to take, or help take them, aid into Sarajevo, over Igman and the airport. We managed to do this successfully takinh 78.5 tonnes in, in a week. After dropping the original load we retunred to Hrasnica twice to pick up other aid left there including the remains of we had left there in July.