• Abbasids
    Early Islamic dynasty, 750–1258.
  • Almohads
    Berber dynasty that ruled North Africa and Spain, 1130–1269.
  • Almoravids
    Dynasty of Berber origin that ruled North Africa and later Spain, 1050–1147.
  • Ayyubids
    Dynasty of Kurdish origin that ruled Egypt and Syria, 1169–1250.
  • Fatimids
    Dynasty that ruled North Africa and then Egypt and Syria, 909–1171.
  • Ghaznavids
    Dynasty of Turkish origin that ruled eastern Iran and northern India, 977–1186.
  • Ilkhanids
    Dynasty of Mongol origin that ruled Greater Iran, 1256–1335.
  • Mamluks
    Dynasty of former slaves that ruled Egypt and Syria, 1250–1517.
  • Mughals
    Dynasty of Timurid descent that ruled India, 1526-1858.
  • Nasrids
    Rulers of the Spanish kingdom of Granada, 1230–1492.
  • Ottomans
    Turkish dynasty that ruled Anatolia and then much of eastern Europe and the Middle East, 1281–1924
  • Safavids
    Rulers of Iran, 1501–1732.
  • Seljuks
    General name for several dynasties of Turkish origin that ruled Greater Iran, as well as eastern Anatolia and Syria, in the eleventh to twelfth centuries.
  • Samanids
    Dynasty that ruled eastern Iran and Central Asia, 819–1005.
  • Timurids
    Central Asian dynasty that ruled Greater Iran, 1370–1507.
  • Umayyads
    Early Islamic dynasty, 661–750; Spanish branch, 756–1031.

source:The Los Angeles County Museum