Immigration and Asylum Act 1993
This provided a statutory right of asylum appeal
Asylum and Immigration Act 1996
The 1996 Act had three main objectives: to change asylum procedures so as to deal more quickly with allegedly bogus claims; to combat immigration racketeering, in part through new offences; and, to restrict the social security and other economic rights previously available. It introduced a notion of 'deserving' and 'undeserving' asylum seekers. The Act is most widely known for establishing the 'White List', that is, countries designated by the Home Secretary as ones in which there is, in general, no serious risk of persecution - so-called, safe third countries.
For the full text click
The 1999 Asylum and Immigration Act aimed to (i) stop the flow of applicants,
(ii) ease councils of the financial burden, and (iii) relieve the housing and
social pressures in London and south-east England. It heralded the socially
divisive 'dispersal' scheme, under which all new asylum seekers in the UK (predominantly
London and south-east England) were transferred to a different region - and
they are not given a choice of where to go.
For BBC information on the dispersal scheme click here.
For information from Asylum Support click here.
For the full text of the Act click here.
Immigration and Asylum Bill 2002
This proposes repealing the provisions giving asylum seekers the automatic right to a bail hearing conferred in the 1999 Immigration and Asylum Act. Home Secretary Blunkett has said he would be amending the Bill to allow "wholly unfounded" claimants to be sent home without appeal.
The Bill also includes proposals for some asylum seekers' children to attend separate schools (at present, asylum seekers attend mainstream schools).
For the full text of the Act click
For a statement issued by the Lord Chancellor's Department click here.
For information on opposition to the Bill from Immigration advocacy and campaigns groups click here.
Source: 'Ethnicities' Journal, March 2002