Dr Mushtaq Khan

Dr Mushtaq Khan is Professor of Economics at the School of Oriental & African Studies, University of London. His undergraduate studies were at Oxford (Exhibitioner at Corpus Christi College) and he has a PhD from Cambridge. Originally from Bangladesh, he is also an expert on Israeli policies towards Occupied Palestine.

In 1998 he was commissioned by the Norwegian Foreign Ministry – sponsor of the 1993 Oslo Peace Accord – to investigate aspects of Palestinian state formation and governance. He describes Israel’s aims as the establishment of a client state – with land that was environmentally unsustainable and economically dependent on it, through a regime of checkpoints, barriers and zones of control. He was singled out for criticism by Israeli officials when he presented these views.

His areas of specialization include economic development and governance in the sub-continent. He believes that an abiding legacy of British colonialism has been weak government and poor economic growth. He has published widely and was recipient of the Frank Cass Prize in 2005 for two essays on the theme of ‘Democratisation’. He is also a critic of the World Bank’s role, which has been to weaken the state and promote privitisation, “a combination that has only increased corruption”. He contributed to the UNCTAD report ‘The Palestinian war-torn economy: aid, development and state formation’ (2006).

Dr Mshtaq Khan – Getting the Incentives Right for Industrial Policies

As developing countries increasingly experiment with "industrial policies," a big question is how to get the incentives right for these policies to work. The JKP recently spoke with an expert on the topic -- Mushtaq Khan, Professor of Economics at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. In Part 2 of this series, he explores two successful examples in the 1980s -- launching a garment industry in Bangladesh and producing Indian automobiles. Going forward, however, he cautions that many developing countries will have to make industrial policies work in a setting where the political environments, governance capabilities, and private sector capabilities are much weaker. This will mean starting with small-scale experiments, rather than ambitious endeavors, to avoid doing long-term damage.