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Biographical Data :

Name :Sadeq Hedayat
Period :1903 - 1951
Biographical detail : The foremost short story writer of Iran.

Sadeq studied in Europe during 1920s and was influenced by Satre with whom he studied in Paris, Maupassant, Kafka, Chekov and others and translated their works into Persian.

In Europe, he studied the works of Rainer Maria Rilke and was impressed by Rilke’s adoration of death so immensely that he wrote his own commentary on Death in 1927.

Hedayat developed interest in Iranian folklore and wrote Osaneh a collection of songs and Nairangistan. He was best known for his works The Blind Owl, regarded as his masterpiece and that was translated in many languages. Other works include Portrait of an Iranian Confidence Man and Haji Agha.

With his literary and scholarly language he studied ancient Iranian languages and wrote essays about archaeology, anthropology and linguistics. Satire was his style and in his fictions he criticised the social and political problems of his society in satirical form.

Sadeq gradually improved his writing and developed a talent for philosophical, social, and eventually political themes thereby reached peak of his career in the late 1930s when he finished preparing his novella.

In the later part of his life when his inability to create the literary works his readers expected of him, he went deeper into depression and left Iran for Paris where he committed suicide. He was born in a highly educated aristocratic family.
 (Compiler : M. Nauman Khan / Ghulam Mohiuddin)


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