|Biographical detail : ||The eighth Fatimid caliph of Egypt from 1036, when he was only seven years old.
His reign marked a turning point in Fatmids fortunes. Syria was lost to Seljokes, Zirid Emirs of North Africa became independent, Palestine was taken away from them by the Franks in 1099, in 1168 Egypt was taken by a Syrian Army and on the death of al-Adid in 1171 the caliphate was abolished by Saladin, the general of Nurddin Zangi.
Fed up of the intrigues of the Sudanese and Turks, he invited the Armenian general Badr Al Jamali, to take charge of the situation and to strengthen his relations with him, had his youngest son married to Badr's daughter. The real power had gone in the hands of Badr and Fatimid influence outside Egypt such as in Syria, declined.
His reign was the longest of any Muslim ruler and at the time he had inherited the empire, it was the most powerful Muslim state but when he died the Fatimid influence had shrunk.