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Biographical Data :

Name :Faisal II
Period :1935 - 1958
Biographical detail : King of Iraq. The only son of King Ghazi I and Queen Aalya. He succeeded to the throne after the death of his father in 1939. He was educated at Harrow School, England. King Faisal II was about four when his father died. For that reason the regency was assumed by his uncle Abd al Ilah (from April 1939 - May 1953). He grew very shy and was rarely active in public. Under his reign Iraq took part in the war of Palestine in 1948. Under his time the Hashimite union of Iraq and Jordan was declared. In the morning of 14th July 1958 a bloody coup by Brigadier Abdul Karim Kassem, a left wing Arab nationalist, led to the murder of the young King Faisal and most of his family including the regent and Prime Minister Nuri al-Said the coup was known as the massacre of al-Zuhoor palace.

The traumatic experiences of this young king throughout his short life from the death of his father to the violent death in a bloody massacre gained him a special place in the Iraqis' memory.
 (Compiler : M. Nauman Khan / Ghulam Mohiuddin / Haidar Hadi)


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