|Biographical detail : ||The Indonesian founder of the Muhammadiya sect, an Islamic reform movement in Indonesia.
After his Haj to Makkah in 1900, he became an active religious reformer. He founded Muhammadiyah In 1912, rejecting the four traditional schools of interpretation of Islamic law and returning to the precepts of the Qur’an. Muhmmadiya's practical program stressed education including the founding of schools and hospitals.
In 1920 Muhammadiya spread from its Jakarta base to Java and other islands and became the most powerful influence on the people of the region.