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Biographical Data :

Name :Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
Period :1928 - 1979
Biographical detail : A charismatic Pakistani political leader who came to an ignominious end in 1979. He was born into an aristocratic, feudal family of Sind. His father was Sir Shahnawaz Bhutto.

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was educated at a school in Bombay before studying at the University of California (1950), Christ Church, Oxford (1952), and Lincoln's Inn (1953), where he qualified as a barrister. He taught international law at the University of Southampton (1952-53) but returned to Pakistan in 1953 to practise and teach law at the University of Sind (1953-58).

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto entered politics in 1957, when he was appointed leader of Pakistan's delegation to the United Nations General Assembly.He also chaired the Pakistan delegation to the first UN Conference on the Law of the Sea, held in Geneva, Switzerland, in March 1958. The following year he became minister of commerce under President Ayub Khan, the first of several portfolios. In 1962 he became deputy head of the Muslim League and by 1963, when he was made foreign minister, he had established himself as a diplomat and international speaker for Pakistan. He resigned as foreign minister in 1966, over opposition to the Indo-Pakistan settlement reached at Tashkent, and in 1967 formed the Pakistan People's Party.

He did not accept any form of power-sharing with Shaikh Mujib in 1970, leading to the separation of East Pakistan to form Bangladesh in 1971.

He championed Pakistan's defence capability, hiring Dr. Qadeer Khan for leading its nuclear program.
In August 1976 Henry Kissinger warned Bhutto that if Pakistan continued with its nuclear programme "the Prime Minister would have to pay a heavy price. In his book "If I am Assassinated" written from the Death Cell, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto revealed how Kissinger had said "We will make an example of you".

He fell prey to megalomania and would not tolerate political rivals, instigating their kidnapping and even murder. One such case led to his trial by a civil court during the martial law regime of General Zia ul Haq. He was found guilty and hanged on April 4, 1979. His downfall is also viewed as a fulfilment of Kissinger's threat.
 (Compiler : M. Nauman Khan / Ghulam Mohiuddin/M A Sherif)


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