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Biographical Data :

Name :Sati Al-Nisa
Period :1616 - 1646
Biographical detail : A lady physician in the court of the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan. She was the native of Amul, a city in the province of Mazandaran of Iran. She was the sister of Talib Amuli, the poet laureate of the court and sister-in-law of Hakim Rukna. She had extraordinary affection for her brother and had come to India to see him.
Sati al-Nisa was an intelligent lady, well-versed in household affairs and skillful in medicine. She entered the court after the death of her husband and served as one of the personal female attendants to the queen. Due to her ability and conduct, she was soon promoted to the office of "Seal-Keepr" (Secretary). As she was well-versed in Persian prose and poetry and the art of recitation of the Holy Qur'an, she was also entrusted with the task of teaching Princess Jahan Ara, the beloved daughter of Emperor Shahjahan.

Sati al-Nisa soon attracted the attention of Queen MumtazMahal and gained extraordinary influence in the palace due to her managerial ability. She was appointed as Secretary to the Queen. After the death of Queen Mumtaz Mahal, the Emperor appointed her as Fadr-i Kul (Chief Superintendent) of the royal apartments. Her duties ranged from organization of Emperor's meals to nursing of princes and princesses. According to Muhammad Saleh Kanbuh, she knew medical treatment very well and was proficient in treating complicated diseases.

The death of her brother Talib 'Amuli and sudden death of her niece broke her heart and made her lonely and sad. She died of that shock on 27th of Zil Hijja, 1056 A.H./1646 A.D. Her body was kept preserved in Lahore for one year and then it was interned in a mausoleum built by the Emperor at a place to the west of Taj Mahal. He also endowed a village with an income of Rs. 3,000 for the maintenance of the tomb.
 (Compiler : M A Sherif)


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