|Biographical detail : || The third Sultan of Java.
He consolidated his kingdom by subduing the coastal states of Panang and Tuban in 1619, Kalimantan and Sukadana in 1622, Madura in 1624 and Surabaya in 1625. Dutch forces had conquered Jakarta in 1619. In 1629 Sultan Agung attacked Jakarta in order to drive the Dutch out but failed to do so. He also invaded Bali.
He introduced reforms to bring the judicial system more in line with Qur'anic precepts.