|Biographical detail : ||Penultimate Ottoman Sultan.
Sultan Muhammad V whose name was Muhammad Resad reigned from 1909 to 1918. He was elected as Sultan when his brother Abdul Hamid II was forced to abdicate.
It was in Sultan Muhammad reign that Turkey lost all their European possessions and in a war with Italy (1911-12) Tripoli was lost. Though he was opposed, the Ottomans entered the First World War on the side of Germany. Six months after his death in 1918, the Allies occupied Constantinople.