|Biographical detail : ||King
Sher Shah Suri was in the service of Muhammad Lohani the ruler of Bihar (India) and on killing a tiger received the title of Sher Khan. Sher Shah Suriís original name was Farid, and he belonged to an Afghan tribe and was a native of Roh, in Afghanistan.
Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun once in Bihar (1539) and the second time (1540) at Qanuj and pursued him as far as Lahore from where Humayun eventually retreated to Iran.
Sher Shah Suri was enthroned in Delhi in 1542. During his short reign he achieved so much which many kings did not achieve during a generation. He introduced postal system and he constructed the Grand Trunk Road, which connected Peshawar in the west of India (now Pakistan) to Chittagang (now Bangladesh) in the east.
Sher Shah Suri died when a shell, which was fired at the fort of Kalingar, burst in the battery in which the king stood.