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Biographical Data :

Name :Salim Chisti
Period :1478 - 1572
Biographical detail : A Sufi saint of Fatahpur Sikri.

Salim Chisti was one of the most famous Sufi saints of India and was a follower of Khawaja Moinuddin Chisti (1141 – 1236), one of the most outstanding figures in the annals of Islamic mysticism and founder of the Chistiyya order in Ajmer, India and whose firm faith in wahdat al-wajud (Unity of Being) provided the necessary ideological support to his mystic mission to bring about emotional integration of the people amongst whom he lived.

The central principles that became characteristics of the Chistiyya order are based on Khawaja Moinuddin Chisti’s many teachings and practices. They lay stress on renunciation of material goods; strict regime of self-discipline and personal prayer; participation in sama as a legitimate means to spiritual transformation; reliance on either cultivation or unsolicited offerings as means of basic subsistence; independence from rulers and the state, including rejection of monetary and land grants; generosity to others, particularly, through sharing of food and wealth, and tolerance and respect for religious differences.

Moinuddin Chisti, in other words, interpreted religion in terms of human service and exhorted his disciples “to develop river-like generosity, sun-like affection and earth-like hospitality.” The highest form of devotion, according to him, was “to redress the misery of those in distress – to fulfil the needs of the helpless and to feed the hungry.”

Khawaja Salim Chisti was greatly revered by Akbar, the Moghul king. It was said that by Khawaja Chisti’s prayers blessed King Akbar with a son, who named after him (Salim) and who succeeded the throne of Delhi after Akbar's death and ruled by the name of Jahangir.

Khawaja Salim Chisti’s tomb is at Fathepur Sikri and is visited even to this day by millions of Muslims, Hindus and people of other faiths. His father was a descendant of Fariduddin Ganj-i-Shakir.
 (Compiler : M. Nauman Khan / Ghulam Mohiuddin)


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