|Biographical detail : ||A scholar of Shariah and historian, who produced a universal history, tracing the success and failure of the various communities concentrating particularly on the Muslim ummah.
Tabari’s Tarikh ar-Rusul wa al Muluk was a source of information for generations of historians in the Islamic world. He made a great contribution to the consolidation of Islamic thought during the 9th century. His history became so popular that the Samanid Prince Mansur Ibn Nuh had it translated into Persian in c963. He drew upon various sources for his historical reports such as classical poetry, genealogy and tribal customs. The history covered the era from the beginning of the Hijra to 915.
Tabari’s commentary of the Qur’an followed the Qur’an text, word by word, giving all the historical, lexicographic and juridical explanations. To each Hadis, was affixed a chain of Isnads, going back to the original informant. His commentary became a standard work, which served as a source for later historians such as Miskawayah, Ibn Asir and Abul Fida. He authored a very authentic history in Arabic called Tarikh Tabari in 912.
Abu Jaffar Tabari was born Abu Jaffar Muhammad Ibn Jarir Tabari at Tabiristan, Iran.