|Biographical detail : ||The Algerian nationalist.
Messali demanded complete independence for Algeria in 1927 and returned to Algeria in 1930. He was arrested several times by the French authorities and his party was outlawed in 1945. He was a member of Communist Party of France.
Messali was educated in a French school, joined French army for three years in Bordeaux, and married a French. He spent the last years of his life in France writing his memoirs.