|Biographical detail : ||Liaquat Ali Khan was a Jinnah-Liaquat partnership team.
In 1928, he was part of the Jinnah-led Muslim team to the all-parties convention at Calcutta that failed to bridge Congress-League differences. However, this was the start of a Jinnah-Liaquat partnership that was to make a considerable impact on Indian political panorama. Jinnah correctly sensed that Liaquat would be superb aide but never a rival and therefore the latter would execute Jinnah’s plans rather than undermine them. He was, as Jinnah had said, his right arm, not his mind. It is believed that Jinnah would not have returned to India had Liaquat not goaded him in England in 1933 and without Jinnah there would have been no Pakistan – without Liaquat Jinnah would not have obtained it. He was elected Secretary of Muslim League in 1937. At the League’s 1940 rally in Lahore, Liaquat’s role was crucial. He sometime functioned as the de facto leader of the Muslim League.
His role as Finance Minister in the Interim government of India in 1946 was a remarkable. His Budget on 28 February 1947 was understood as poor men’s budget. The poor Hindu and Muslim hailed it but Congress’s rich backers hated it, as did Congress’s high commands. The Budget proposed to set up a Commission to investigate people who became rich without paying taxes and 25% special Income tax over Rupees 100,000 on profit made in business. The Budget was politically very controversial which put heavy taxes on industrialists and was regarded as an anti-Hindu budget.
Later on after the partition of India when Pakistan was established, he became the first prime minister of that country. He sat on the Partition Council and laboured over vital details of the division of the assets and liabilities of the division of India. As prime minister of a newly established Pakistan he built ties with Muslim countries and urged “unity of thought and action amongst the Muslim states.” With Iran he felt special affinity, partly because of his ancestral links. He had opposed the demand by orthodox Muslim to declare Pakistan an Islamic State. Assassination of Liaquat took place while he was addressing a Rawalpindi meeting by a man sitting in the audience’s only fifteen yards away. His assassin was later named, Said Akbar, and was killed by the people on the spot.
Liaquat’s spirit of devotion to Pakistan was so great that he once remarked, “if I can render service to Pakistan as a chaprasi, I shall be the proudest man in the country.” The Nawab’s son, leaving valuable property in India, stayed “landless” in Pakistan, refusing to claim, as compensation, land evacuated by Hindus and Sikhs was prepared to serve Pakistan as a lowest of the low official rank. He left a legacy that Pakistan was viable. It may be said suitably that it is Pakistan’s misfortune that Liaquat “did not have, unlike Jinnah, a Liaquat at his side.”
Liaquat Ali Khan was born in Karnal, now in Haryana, India. His family later on moved to U.P. Politics and education were his chief interests – the involvement with education was evident by his giving and raising money for Muslim education apart from patronising educational institutions. He was gentle and relaxed, bright and successful, and he spoke with clarity – at times he would end his speech by raising a clenched fist and silenced his adversaries with coolly delivered retorts.