Contains a letter written by L.B.Grafftey Smith (High Commissioner
in Pakistan) to Sir Percivale Liesching at the Com. Relations
Office dated 26th Jan 1951. Notes the dubious role played by Mountbatten
in influencing Radcliffe to revise his original decision concerning
the partition of the West Punjab and Bengal - clear Muslim majority
areas, however acted against the interests of Pakistan:
"There is no hope of dispelling local criticism of the Radcliffe
Award by reasoned argument...our only line here must be to refuse
to accept any Pakistani suggestion of bias on part of Lord Radcliffe
and of influence on part of Lord Mountbatten and to deny any allegations
of concessions clandestinely agreed between the viceroy or the
UK government and Congress. We must unfortunately face the fact
that History, as written in Pakistan, will spotlight the 'when'
and 'where' as much as the 'why' of Lord Radcliffes (action)...as
evidence of British prejudice against Pakistan'
*Clear suggestions as given by Vallabhai Patel - deputy PM 'He
made a veritable confession that, on the eve of partition, he
was intriguing - negotiation is not the word - with the British
authorities, with the knowledge perhaps of only the most select
of the Congress junta...(and demanding that partition) be accepted
on its on terms in order to turn Quaid-e-Azam Jinnah's victory
What were his terms? Punjab and Bengal...be divided...power
be transferred within two months. Thirdly that the British government
should renounce their paramountcy and Congress should be left
to deal with the states. Mr Patel expressed malignant satisfaction
over the success of his diplomacy by declaring that "Mr Jinnah
did not want a truncated Pakistan, but he had to swallow it.'
Extract from Dawn Newspaper 18th January 1950.
By this award about 400,000 Muslims were cut off in the Gurdaspur
district and about 800,000 in the Feroze Pore District (55.2%
Muslims) Hence Muslim League claimed these areas: Fact that when
Radcliffe decided this 'speculation seizes, unfortunately on the
fact, that he was Lord Mountbatten's guest in New Delhi at the
Pakistani resentment regarding partition and India's access to
Kashmir is 'not unfounded'