Hasan Al Basri
A celebrated preacher in Basra and a leader of a religious reform.
Hasan al-Basri who was brought in Madinah in circles close to the Prophet, peace be upon him, later moved to Basra where he developed a spirituality based on contempt for worldly goods. His frugal way of life became an eloquent and potentially subversive criticism of the luxury of the court.
Hasan al-Basri's reform in Basra taught his followers to meditate deeply on the Qura'an and to reflect and to self-examine and to a total surrender to Allah's will. And that, according to al-Basri, were the source of happiness and that resolved the tensions between human desires and what Allah desired for men and women.
Hasan al-Basri supported the Umayyads, but made it clear that he reserved the right to criticise them if they deserved it. Human beings, according to al-Basri, had free will and were responsible for their actions. Therefore, the caliphs must be accountable for their deeds, and must be taken to task if they disobeyed Allah's clear teaching.
Compiled by:M. Nauman Khan / Ghulam Mohiuddin