Sufi reformer who opposed the pluralism of the Moghul emperor Akbar.
Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi was called Mujaddid-i-Alf-Sani or the `renewer of the second millennium'. He came to Agra where he met Abul Fazl, the Prime Minister of Akbar and came to know about Akbar`s Din-e-Illahi. He opposed Akbar's religious beliefs and during Jahangir's reign he was even confined in Gwalier fort. Ahmad Sirhindi stressed that the unity with Allah could only be achieved when Muslims piously observed the laws of the Shariah, which by this time was becoming more sectarian in its outlook.
True to his title Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi really revived the faith of Islam in India in order to achieve this objective. He wrote letters to the nobles and influential people and organised his Naqshbandiya followers throughout India. His collection of letters was known as maktubat-e-Imam Rabbani. He authored many books including Radd-e-Rafawiz.
Shaikh Ahmad was born in Sirhind. He was a disciple of Khwaja Baqi Billah, a saint of Delhi. His son Mir Masum greatly influenced Aurangzed's policies.
Compiled by:M. Nauman Khan / Ghulam Mohiuddin