Indus waters

Fazilda Nabeel in the Independent. ‘India and Pakistan, the two main countries in the basin, divided up rights to the various tributaries under the Indus Waters Treaty of 1960. The treaty has survived various wars and other hostilities between the two countries, and as such it is largely considered a success. Today, however, the treaty is increasingly faced with challenges it wasn’t designed to deal with . . . India recently fast-tracked approval for several major dams along the Chenab, a 560-mile-long tributary of the Indus that was originally allotted to Pakistan under the agreement. This follows several other contentious dams already being built on shared rivers including Kishanganga, on the Jhelum River, which was also allotted to Pakistan . . . As with most of Asia’s great rivers, the Indus ultimately begins on the Tibetan plateau, in Chinese territory. India currently has no treaty with upstream China on their shared rivers. How that relationship develops will determine India’s future water availability and in turn how India behaves towards downstream Pakistan.’ click here.